nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2021‒04‒05
nine papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. How Can the Governance of the French Clusters (Pôles de Compétitivité) Improve SME’s Competitiveness? By Martine Gadille; Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay; Alena Siarheyeva
  2. Rethinking open government as innovation for inclusive development: Open access, data and ICT in South Africa By Plantinga, Paul; Adams, Rachel Margaret
  3. Pre-Internationalization and Performance Conditions of First-Time Exporting SMEs By Pierre-Xavier Meschi; Antonin Ricard; Ernesto Tapia Moore
  4. The Innovation-Sales Growth Nexus in Europe By Costantiello, Alberto; Laureti, Lucio; De Cristoforo, Gianluca; Leogrande, Angelo
  5. The role of non-local linkages for innovation By Ron Boschma;
  7. R&D cooperation, proximity and distribution of public funding between public and private research sectors By Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin; Romain Gibert
  8. Analysis of the Effect of Business Intelligence on Competitive Advantage through Knowledge Sharing and Organizational Innovation in Export Companies By Kusmantini, Titik; Mardiana, Tri; Pramudita, Rendy
  9. Co-Creation of Innovative Gamification Based Learning: A Case of Synchronous Partnership By Nicholas Dacre; Vasilis Gkogkidis; Peter Jenkins

  1. By: Martine Gadille (LEST - Laboratoire d'économie et de sociologie du travail - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); Diane-Gabrielle Tremblay; Alena Siarheyeva
    Abstract: This paper focuses on Pôles de compétitivité-the French competitiveness clusters (FCC)-which mobilize national and regional actors and resources for innovation. By reviewing the literature (academic, web and news articles, and official reports) published on the subject, the synthesis emphasizes a collective learning process leading to institutional change reflected by legitimation of SMEs as full-fledged innovation actor. Through reflexive governance of certain poles, centered on their own sustainability, the policy has produced learning at local and national level. It has generated knowledge that has brought transformation of operational tools and societal representations in support of innovation of SMEs. The originality of the article is to show that in the French societal context, new place dependencies within the Pôles are characterized by emergence of a new innovation model of SMEs mainly through collaboration with public research. This model differs from the innovation model of SMEs staying outside of the poles. It is built through intermediary organizations that offer regional filters for national and regional policy adaptation. A major limitation of the policy is the difficulty to enhance cooperation between innovative SMEs and leader firms in the territory mainly because of a lack of social regulation over the protection and share of knowledge assets. The paper contributes to the research on clusters in general.
    Keywords: Clusters,Competitiveness,Cooperation,SME,Knowledge,R&D,Innovation
    Date: 2021–03–12
  2. By: Plantinga, Paul; Adams, Rachel Margaret
    Abstract: Open government has come to be closely associated with innovation for inclusive development (IID). These two areas of practice and research have converged around similar mechanisms aimed at achieving inclusive development outcomes including; open interaction between government, technologists and end-users in the design of policies and services; open, market-oriented approaches to delivering public services and meeting the needs of citizens; and a central role for information and communication technologies (ICTs) in policy development and innovation activities. We argue, however, that an uncritical adoption of open, ICT-oriented practices risks shifting responsibility and trust for governance and development outcomes to largely unaccountable global and national network enterprises. Taking South Africa as our primary focus, including its new White Paper on Science, Technology and Innovation (STI), we note a renewed interest in adopting open government practices in relation to IID. More significant, we suggest, is the emergence of ‘grassroots’, hybrid civic-technology innovation networks at the fringes of formal open government initiatives. This article considers new questions that arise around how these grassroots movements sustain meaningful interaction with mainstream STI processes, how public officials may engage with such movements in order to meet national development outcomes, and the role of ICT in these spaces.
    Date: 2019–12–09
  3. By: Pierre-Xavier Meschi (CERGAM - Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - UTLN - Université de Toulon); Antonin Ricard (CERGAM - Centre d'Études et de Recherche en Gestion d'Aix-Marseille - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - UTLN - Université de Toulon); Ernesto Tapia Moore
    Abstract: This article aims to determine whether pre-internationalization conditions improve the performance of first-time exporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Two pre-internationalization conditions are discussed here: firm performance and age at internationalization. Building on the aspiration-level performance model of March and Shapira (1992) with sequential internationalization and international new-ventures approaches, this article develops two research hypotheses proposing an effective alignment with pre-internationalization performance and age at internationalization. These research hypotheses are examined using a panel database of 522 French SMEs that began export operations for the first time in 2014. The statistical results partially support our first hypothesis by showing that early-internationalizing SMEs with a lower performance relative to their peers significantly increase their post-internationalization performance. Contrary to what we predicted in our second hypothesis, we observe that late-internationalizing SMEs, which deliver a much higher performance than their historical aspirations, significantly reduce their post-internationalization performance.
    Keywords: Aspiration-level performance model,Early internationalization,First-time exporting SME,Internationalization process,Late internationalization,Social and historical aspirations
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Costantiello, Alberto; Laureti, Lucio; De Cristoforo, Gianluca; Leogrande, Angelo
    Abstract: In this article we investigate the innovation-sales growth nexus in Europe. We use data from European Innovation Scoreboard of the European Commission in the period 2000-2019 for 36 countries. Data are analyzed using Panel Data with Random Effects, Fixed Effects, Dynamic Panel at 1 Stage, Pooled OLS, WLS. Results show that the impact of innovation on sales in Europe is positively associated with “Share Knowledge-Intensive Services”, “Turnover of Share Large Enterprises”, “Employment Impacts”, “Innovators”, “Intellectual Assets”, “Linkages” and is negatively associated with “Enterprise Births”, “Government Procurement of Advanced Technology Products”, “Share of Employment in High and Medium high-tech Manufacturing”.
    Keywords: Innovation, Open Innovation, Research and Development, Sales Growht, Firm Performance
    JEL: O30 O31 O32 O33 O34 O35
    Date: 2021–03–28
  5. By: Ron Boschma;
    Abstract: Non-local linkages are considered to be crucial for innovation in regions because they provide access to new knowledge and ideas. This helps places to avoid or overcome lock-in situations. The cluster literature has focused on gatekeepers that may diffuse non-local knowledge to cluster firms. In the global city literature, this gatekeeping role is taken up by multinational enterprises and knowledge-intensive-business-services. However, little attention has yet been focused on the nature of these non-local linkages. Not all non-linkages matter for the capacity of a region to innovate. What matters in particular is the extent to which types of knowledge that flow through non-local linkages are complementary to the local knowledge base. What matters is not being connected to other regions per se, but being linked to regions that give access to complementary capabilities. Also inflows of external agents are crucial for regional innovation, especially for more radical innovations.
    Keywords: non-local linkages, geography of innovation, relatedness, global innovation networks, complementary inter-regional linkages
    JEL: O25 O38 R11
    Date: 2021–03
  6. By: Jaan Masso; Amaresh K Tiwari
    Abstract: In this paper, using Estonian Community Innovation Survey data, we study the role of R&D, capital accumulation, and innovation output on productivity for entrants and incumbents. We find that the impact of R&D investment on labour productivity is larger for the entrants com- pared to the incumbents. Entrants are found to be more productive and more heterogeneous in their total factor productivity (TFP) than the incumbents. Moreover, entrants who innovate are on average, in terms of TFP, 25% more productive than the entrants who do not, while the corresponding figure for the incumbents is 7%. In addition, it is mostly the incumbents who benefit from within-industry knowledge that is produced outside their own firm. Finally, for both entrants and incumbents, embodied technological change through capital accumulation is found to be more effective in generating productivity growth than R&D expenditure.
    Keywords: R&D, Innovation, Productivity, Entrants, Incumbents, Spillovers
    Date: 2021
  7. By: Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin (CREAM - Centre de Recherche en Economie Appliquée à la Mondialisation - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - IRIHS - Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire Homme et Société - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université); Romain Gibert (CREAM - Centre de Recherche en Economie Appliquée à la Mondialisation - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - IRIHS - Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire Homme et Société - UNIROUEN - Université de Rouen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université)
    Abstract: In this paper, we compare the distributions of socially optimal public funding between private and public research sectors in cooperative and non-cooperative R&D settings in the presence of externalities. We show that the proportion of public funding allocated to the private sector research always increases with the level of inter-firm spillovers but decreases with the concentration of the industry. This share is smaller (larger) when firms cooperate in R&D than when they do not for high (low) spillovers. Moreover, increases in public knowledge externalities to the private sector due to a closer proximity between the two research sectors increase the share allocated to the public sector regardless of whether firms cooperate or not in R&D.
    Keywords: public and private research,Knowledge public exter-nalities,Spillovers,R&D Cooperation,Oligopoly,proximity,Public policy
    Date: 2020–06–22
  8. By: Kusmantini, Titik; Mardiana, Tri; Pramudita, Rendy
    Abstract: This study aims to analyze the effect of business intelligence on competitive advantage through knowledge sharing and organizational innovation in export companies in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. The list of companies was obtained from the Industry and Trade Office. The variables used in this research were business intelligence, competitive advantage, knowledge sharing, and organizational innovation. This study uses a sample of 83 companies, using puporsive sampling technique and data analysis techniques using Partial Least Square (PLS). The results of this study indicate that Business Intelligence has a positive effect on three other variables, namely knowledge sharing, organizational innovation, and competitive advantage, and that knowledge sharing and organizational innovation have a positive effect on competitive advantage. In addition, knowledge sharing and organizational innovation are able to mediate the effect of Business Intelligence on competitive advantage.
    Date: 2021–03–16
  9. By: Nicholas Dacre; Vasilis Gkogkidis; Peter Jenkins
    Abstract: In higher education, gamification offers the prospect of providing a pivotal shift from traditional asynchronous forms of engagement, to developing methods to foster greater levels of synchronous interactivity and partnership between and amongst teaching and learning stakeholders. The small vein of research that focuses on gamification in teaching and learning contexts, has mainly focused on the implementation of pre-determined game elements. This approach reflects a largely asynchronous approach to the development of learning practices in educational settings, thereby limiting stakeholder engagement in their design and adoption. Therefore, we draw on the theory of co-creation to examine the development process of gamification-based learning as a synchronous partnership between and amongst teaching and learning stakeholders. Empirical insights suggest that students gain a greater sense of partnership and inclusivity as part of a synchronous co-creation gamification-based learning development and implementation process.
    Date: 2021–03

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