nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2020‒11‒02
seven papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. The Influence of Knowledge Management Processes on Intellectual Capital and Innovation Performance By Wendra Wendra
  2. Inter-sectoral and international R&D spillovers By Belderbos, René; Mohnen, Pierre
  4. Services imports and labour in Viet Nam By Alexander Jaax; Louise Johannesson; Thi Xuan Thu Nguyen
  5. Network innovation versus innovation through networks By M.Z. Yaqub; Marijana Sreckovic; Gérard Cliquet; G. Hendrikse; J. Windsperger
  6. Does value chain participation facilitate the adoption of industry 4.0 technologies in developing countries? By Delera, Michele; Pietrobelli, carlo; Calza, Elisa; Lavopa, Alejandro
  7. INDUSTRIAL CLUSTERS, NETWORKS AND RESILIENCE TO THE COVID-19 SHOCK IN CHINA By Ruochen Dai; Dilip Mookherjee; Yingyue Quan; Xiaobo Zhang

  1. By: Wendra Wendra (PPM School of Management, Indonesia Author-2-Name: Fadhliah M. Alhadar Author-2-Workplace-Name: Khairun University, Jalan Pertamina Kampus II Unkhair, Gambesi, 97719, Ternate, Indonesia Author-3-Name: Author-3-Workplace-Name: Author-4-Name: Author-4-Workplace-Name: Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: Objective - Low amounts of management research have taken into account the link between knowledge management processes and intellectual capital in innovation success. This study empirically investigates the mediation role of intellectual capital in the relationship between knowledge management processes and innovation performance. Methodology/Technique - The research questionnaires were distributed to 297 small and medium enterprises wearing apparel companies in Indonesia. The primary statistic methodology for data analysis was Partial Least Square. Findings - The study found that knowledge management processes and intellectual capital significantly influence innovation performance. Furthermore, intellectual capital mediated knowledge management processes impact on innovation performance partially Novelty - IC partially mediates the impact of knowledge management processes on innovation performance. Type of Paper - Empirical.
    Keywords: Knowledge Management Processes; Intellectual Capital; Innovation Performance; Small and Medium Enterprises; Wearing Apparel Companies.
    JEL: L67 L25 M19
    Date: 2020–09–30
  2. By: Belderbos, René (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, and KU Leuven); Mohnen, Pierre (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)
    Abstract: It has been well established in the literature that there are intra- and inter-sectoral knowledge spillovers, national as well as cross-border, that make the social rate of return to R&D exceed the private rate of return. Taking such spillovers into account is essential to examine the impact of R&D policies. This paper reviews the literature on (international) R&D spillovers and the various ways that have been proposed to measure such spillovers. Although distinctions have been made between knowledge spillovers due to the public good nature of knowledge on the one hand, and 'rent' or 'pecuniary' spillovers between suppliers and buyers due to the incomplete translation of R&D-induced quality improvements into the price of intermediates on the other hand, this distinction is difficult to make empirically. The variety of potential transmission channels and transmission effects - all with their measurement problems, suggests calculating spillover matrices that are sufficiently broad to capture their correlated effects. The paper proceeds by discussing the advantages and disadvantages of different spillover measures. It subsequently describes two matrices of inter-sectoral and international spillover weights based on patent citation data. It concludes with suggestions for future work.
    Keywords: spillovers, R&D policy, innovation, productivity, patents
    JEL: O31 O32 O33
    Date: 2020–10–12
  3. By: Diana Elena Toma (Nastasia) (Valahia University of Târgovi?te)
    Abstract: One of the main features of an entrepreneur may be his ability to understand the economic environment as a whole, in terms of challenges, risks and opportunities that may arise in the future. The entrepreneur has an essential role in identifying innovative solutions, being in the position of accessing the opportunities offered by the economic environment, in its dynamics. Recently, progress has been made in studying and understanding the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic growth. However, a comprehensive understanding of the link between creativity, entrepreneurship and economic development is not enough covered the given the extent of knowledge needs in the field.Therefore, the paper treats entrepreneurship as an essential way for ensuring sustainable economic growth. Also, it pursuits to understand the basics of knowledge creation, the appropriate means of disseminating and communicating innovation and the role of the entrepreneur in this process. The paper is of current interest, given the high interest in entrepreneurship, an approach that can ensure the reduction of economic and social disparities, contributing to long-term economic development.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, innovation, management, economy, accounting information, SMEs
    JEL: L26 O31 M21
  4. By: Alexander Jaax (OECD); Louise Johannesson (OECD); Thi Xuan Thu Nguyen (Diplomatic Academy of Viet Nam)
    Abstract: This paper draws on detailed firm-level and worker-level information to explore the link between services imports and employment dynamics in the case of Viet Nam. The econometric analysis consists of two parts. First, data covering formal firms are exploited to investigate the relationship between sector-level services import intensity and firm-level employment and firm-level average wages. The second part is conducted at the level of workers and also covers informal workers. The results show that sector-level services import intensity positively affects firm-level average wages of Vietnamese formal services firms, whereas a small negative effect on firm-level employment is observed. For manufacturing firms, there is no conclusive evidence regarding the association between services import intensity and firm-level employment. The worker-level analysis identifies a positive wage effect of occupation-level exposure to services imports on domestic workers in foreign-owned businesses in all sectors. The results also suggest that higher skilled workers might be more likely to benefit from services imports. This paper provides support for an approach that combines an emphasis on lowering firms’ costs of sourcing foreign services inputs with efforts to strengthen SMEs’ capabilities and improve workers’ skills.
    Keywords: employment, individual and firm-level data, trade, wages, worker heterogeneity
    JEL: F14 F16 F61 J21 J30 C26
    Date: 2020–10–23
  5. By: M.Z. Yaqub (King Abdulaziz University); Marijana Sreckovic (TU Wien - Technische Universität Wien); Gérard Cliquet (CREM - Centre de recherche en économie et management - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UR1 - Université de Rennes 1 - UNIV-RENNES - Université de Rennes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique); G. Hendrikse (Erasmus University Rotterdam); J. Windsperger (Universität Wien)
    Abstract: In today's dynamic, complex and interconnected environments, interfirm networks in its various forms (e.g. franchising, retail and service chains, cooperatives, financial networks, joint ventures, strategic alliances, clusters, public-private partnerships, digital platforms) are becoming increasingly important in helping firms improve their competitive position through an enhanced access to innovation, complementary resources and capabilities otherwise not available to them. Driven by increased performance pressures in unpredictable environments, firms embedded in networks are increasingly moving from cooperators to collaborators as value co-creators. The aim of this introductory article is to discuss the role of innovation in business networks by focusing on two major topics: Network innovation versus innovation through networks. In addition, we provide an overview of the articles included in the special issue on Networks and Innovation focusing on the questions: (1) what is the impact of network characteristics on a firm's innovation?; and (2) what are the determinants of innovation in interfirm networks? © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
    Keywords: Innovation through networks,Network innovation,Networked firms,Theoretical perspectives on networks and innovation,Value co-creation,innovation through networks
    Date: 2020
  6. By: Delera, Michele (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University); Pietrobelli, carlo (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, and University Roma Tre); Calza, Elisa (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University, and UNIDO); Lavopa, Alejandro (UNIDO)
    Abstract: The adoption of new technology is a key driver of firm performance and economic development. In this paper, we develop a framework for the firm-level analysis of the adoption of digital technology in developing economies. We investigate whether firms' participation to global value chains (GVCs) can facilitate the adoption of digital technologies. Using a novel database on the adoption of different generations of technology by manufacturing firms in Ghana, Vietnam, and Thailand, we document that the adoption of Industry 4.0 technologies remains extremely limited. We also find that firms' participation to GVCs is an important driver of digital technology adoption, and that adoption is positively associated with firm-level performance.
    Keywords: Value Chain, GVCs, Industry 4.0, Technology adoption, Economic development, Capabilities
    JEL: O12 O14 O33
    Date: 2020–10–12
  7. By: Ruochen Dai (Central University of Finance and Economics); Dilip Mookherjee (Boston University); Yingyue Quan (Peking University); Xiaobo Zhang (Peking University and IFPRI)
    Abstract: We examine how exposure of Chinese firms to the Covid-19 shock varied with a cluster index (measuring spatial agglomeration of firms in related industries) at the county level. Two data sources are used: entry flows of newly registered firms in the entire country, and an entrepreneur survey regarding operation of existing firms. Both show greater resilience in counties with a higher cluster index, after controlling for industry dummies and local infection rates, besides county and time dummies in the entry data. Reliance of clusters on informal entrepreneur hometown networks and closer proximity to suppliers and customers help explain these findings.
    Keywords: Clusters, Covid-19, China, Firms, Social Networks
    JEL: J12 J16 D31 I3
    Date: 2020–10

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