nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2020‒09‒21
seven papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. In Times of Trouble: Innovative Drivers of External Competitiveness for Small Businesses during the Great Recession By Brancati, Emanuele; Brancati, Raffaele; Guarascio, Dario; Zanfei, Antonello
  2. Public research and the quality of inventions: the role and impact of entrepreneurial universities and regional network embeddedness By Holger Graf; Matthias Menter
  3. Heterogeneous Environmental Regulations, R&D Innovation and Manufacturing Enterprises' Export Technological Sophistication By Hu, Yuanhong
  4. Is innovation in ICT valuable for the efficiency of Italian museums? By Calogero Guccio; Marco Ferdinando Martorana; Isidoro Mazza; Giacomo Pignataro; Ilde Rizzo
  5. The role of innovation in industrial dynamics and productivity growth: a survey of the literature By Ugur, Mehment; Vivarelli, Marco
  6. The future of University-Business Cooperation: research and practice priorities By Balzhan Orazbayeva; Carolin Plewa; Todd Davey; Victoria Galán-Muros
  7. The Competitiveness and Complementarity of Arms Trade of Countries along the "Belt and Road" and its Dynamic Evolution: Based on Complex Network Analysis Method By Hu, Yuanhong

  1. By: Brancati, Emanuele; Brancati, Raffaele; Guarascio, Dario; Zanfei, Antonello
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the main drivers of external competitiveness in times of crisis for small and medium enterprises (SMEs). We focus on the Italian experience in the midst of the financial and sovereign-debt crisis, and present robust evidence based on a comprehensive survey of Italian companies in the manufacturing and production service sectors (the MET dataset). Overall, our results confirm the high degree of heterogeneity of the Italian system and the differences between internationalized and domestic companies in terms of performance as well as structural and behavioral dimensions. In particular, data highlight not only the strict correlation between internationalization and innovative activities but also a positive change of attitude of Italian firms towards these strategies. Our analysis shows that, whilst structural factors play a key role for external competitiveness, other critical firm-level aspects trigger superior performances, especially strategic profiles, technological capabilities, and proactive behaviors such as innovativeness and R&D investment. Importantly, we document disproportionate effects of innovation for smaller and less productive companies. This points at dynamic strategies as a potential tool to fill the gap between larger/more productive companies and the set of less structured firms, a segment representing an ideal target for policy measures.
    Keywords: SME,external competitiveness,Great Recession
    JEL: M20 L23 L25
    Date: 2020
  2. By: Holger Graf (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration); Matthias Menter (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration)
    Abstract: The positive effect of public research on industrial innovations is beyond controversy: public research institutions produce knowledge that is subsequently transferred into product and process innovations by private businesses. Besides this rather passive role in commercializing inventions, public research institutions may also proactively exploit new knowledge through public sector entrepreneurship activities. Especially entrepreneurial universities are perceived as a conduit of knowledge spillovers, as they serve as central actors of innovation networks and stimulate network activities. Whereas the linkages between network embeddedness and innovation activities have been largely explored, the impact on patent quality in terms of radicalness, originality and generality remains rather unclear. Considering Germany’s diverse public research infrastructure (universities, polytechnics, and non-university research institutes), our findings reveal that the type of institution and the corresponding scientific orientation (basic vs. applied research) matter for the quality of inventions. Centrality of respective institutions within innovation networks thereby reinforces the radicalness of inventions. However, we do not find support for the general assumption that an entrepreneurial orientation of public sector entities augments the quality of inventions. We conclude the paper with policy recommendations as well as with future avenues of research.
    Keywords: patent quality, radical innovation, entrepreneurial university, network embeddedness, centrality
    JEL: O31 O32 O34
    Date: 2020–07–19
  3. By: Hu, Yuanhong
    Abstract: Based on the combined data of China Patent Database, China Industrial Firm Database and China Customs Trade Database from 2004-2010, this paper investigates the impact of heterogeneous environment regulation on the export technological sophistication of manufacturing enterprises. The results show that: the impact of control-type environmental regulation on enterprises' export technological sophistication is U-shaped, and has negative effect on mixed trade enterprises, eastern enterprises and foreign-funded enterprises. The impact of incentive-type environmental regulation on the enterprises' export technological sophistication is inverted Ushaped, and has positive effect on processing trade enterprises, mixed trade enterprises, domestic and foreign-funded enterprises. The impact of participative-type environmental regulation on the enterprises' export technological sophistication has an inverted U-shaped characteristic and has a positive effect on all kinds of trade pattern and ownership of enterprises. The result of mechanism analysis shows that control and participative environmental regulation affect enterprises' export technological sophistication through fundamental innovation and practical innovation, while incentive environmental regulation also affects enterprises' export technological sophistication through design innovation. Considering environmental governance issues has clear policy implications for enhancing the R&D innovation of the whole industrial chain and improving the export competitiveness of China's manufacturing enterprises.
    Keywords: Environmental Regulation,R&D Innovation,Export Technological Sophistication,DVA,Manufacturing
    JEL: F14 O44 F18
    Date: 2020
  4. By: Calogero Guccio (Università di Catania); Marco Ferdinando Martorana (Università di Catania); Isidoro Mazza (Università di Catania); Giacomo Pignataro (Università di Catania e Politecnico di Milano); Ilde Rizzo (Università di Catania)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the influence of information and communication technologies (ICT) on the efficiency in attracting visitors of Italian museums. Notwithstanding the extensive literature on museum performance measurement, the analysis of the role of technological innovation is relatively neglected. As a first attempt to fill this lacuna, this study presents a two-stage analysis of a novel sample of Italian state-owned museums built by merging information drawn from different sources. In the first stage, we use Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and bootstrapping technique to measure the efficiency of museums. In the second stage, we use a bootstrap truncated regression approach to test the extent to which different forms of ICT affect museum efficiency. We distinguish the ICT investments into in situ and online services, since the former improve the visitors’ experience on site, while the latter can prepare for the visit or, even, be a substitute of the visit. The results reveal that the use of ICT is generally associated with better performances but in situ services shows to play a major role.
    Keywords: museums; ICT, technological innovation, efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, bootstrap truncated regression
    JEL: C14 C61 I21 Z1
    Date: 2020–09
  5. By: Ugur, Mehment; Vivarelli, Marco
    Abstract: We review the theoretical underpinnings and the empirical findings of the literature that investigates the effects of innovation on firm survival and firm productivity, which constitute the two main channels through which innovation drives growth. We aim to contribute to the ongoing debate along three paths. First, we discuss the extent to which the theoretical perspectives that inform the empirical models allow for heterogeneity in the effects of R&D/innovation on firm survival and productivity. Secondly, we draw attention to recent modeling and estimation effort that reveals novel sources of heterogeneity, non-linearity and volatility in the gains from R&D/innovation, particularly in terms of its effects on firm survival and productivity. Our third contribution is to link our findings with those from prior reviews to demonstrate how the state of the art is evolving and with what implications for future research.
    Keywords: Innovation,R&D,Survival,Productivity
    JEL: O30 O33
    Date: 2020
  6. By: Balzhan Orazbayeva (S2BMRC - Science-to-Business Marketing Research Centre - University of Münster); Carolin Plewa (University of Adelaide); Todd Davey (MMS - Département Management, Marketing et Stratégie - TEM - Télécom Ecole de Management - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IMT-BS - Institut Mines-Télécom Business School, LITEM - Laboratoire en Innovation, Technologies, Economie et Management (EA 7363) - UEVE - Université d'Évry-Val-d'Essonne - IMT-BS - Institut Mines-Télécom Business School, S2BMRC - Science-to-Business Marketing Research Centre - University of Münster); Victoria Galán-Muros (UIIN - University Industry Innovation Network, GIID - The Global Institute on Innovation Districts)
    Abstract: University-Business Cooperation (UBC) is an essential mechanism for advancing interests of business, universities and societies. To improve our understanding of the future of UBC research and practice, this study reports on a priority setting process comprising a two-stage research design. Qualitative research identifies a portfolio of six priority areas and 58 related topics. A quantitative step then evaluates the perceived future importance and current advancement of these topics. This approach contributes to shaping the future of UBC by identifying topics that require particular focus to maximise opportunities. The paper concludes with clear future directions for both UBC theory and practice.
    Keywords: Priorities,Future,University-Business Cooperation,Mixed-method Citation
    Date: 2019–10
  7. By: Hu, Yuanhong
    Abstract: This paper uses network analysis to study the competitiveness and complementarity and its dynamic change of arms trade among countries along the "Belt and Road" during 2004-2016. The research shows that: (1) The arms trade relations of the countries along the "belt and road" are increasingly strengthened, the trade network density is increased, and the trade centralization trend is obvious. Trade competition intensifies and is greater than trade complementarity. (2) In terms of the complementary relationship of arms trade, there are two important national blocks. One is an export-oriented block composed of Russia and some central-eastern European countries. The other is a compatible type block composed of China, India and other countries. (3) In terms of arms trade competitiveness, the countries along "Belt and Road" are divided into three competing groups: the first group is composed of Russia, Israel and some central-eastern European countries; The second group is composed of China, India and other emerging arms producing and selling countries. The third is a wide range of other countries along the "Belt and Road".
    Keywords: Belt and Road,Arms Trade,Complex Network,Trade Competitiveness,Trade Complementarity
    JEL: F19 F50
    Date: 2020

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