nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2020‒01‒06
twelve papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Strategic CSR for innovation in SMEs: Does diversity matter? By Rachel Bocquet; Christian Le Bas; Caroline Mothe; Nicolas Poussing
  2. An assessment of impact of information and communication technology in enterprızes of Korça region By Rafail Prodani; Jozef Bushati; Aigars Andersons
  3. EU Economic Modelling System By Olga Ivanova; d'Artis Kancs; Mark Thissen
  4. Analysis of Influence of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) Development as a Competitive Advantage to Creative Economic Development By Aditi, Bunga; PENTANA, SOPI
  5. Exploring early purchasing involvement in discontinuous innovation: A dynamic capability perspective By Katia Picaud-Bello; Thomas Johnsen; Richard Calvi; Mihalis Giannakis
  6. Technology gaps, trade and income By Sampson, Thomas
  8. Influence and Complementarity of Follow-on Managerial Innovations within a Public Organization By David Carassus; Pierre Marin; C. Maurel; Christophe Favoreu
  9. Greenwashing and Environmental Communication: Effects on Stakeholders’ Perceptions By Torelli, Riccardo; Balluchi, Federica; Lazzini, Arianna
  10. Competition policy and Industrial property: relationship through panel data approach 2007 – 2015 By Juan Pablo Herrera Saavedra; Ginette Sofía Lozano Maturana; Jacobo Campo Robledo; Alejandra Catalina Parra Ochoa
  11. Linking supervisor incivility with job embeddedness and cynicism: The mediating role of employee self-efficacy By Uju Violet Alola; Simplice A. Asongu; Andrew Adewale Alola
  12. Collusion through market sharing agreements: Evidence from Quebec's road paving market By de Leverano, Adriano

  1. By: Rachel Bocquet (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Christian Le Bas (ESDES - École de management de Lyon - Université Catholique de Lyon); Caroline Mothe (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Nicolas Poussing (LISER - Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research - Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research)
    Abstract: Both corporate social responsibility and diversity influence firms' innovation, yet their relationship and links to innovation remain uncertain, especially among small to medium-sized enterprises. Relying on strategic and institutional CSR perspectives and a value-in-diversity approach, this study examines the mediating roles of gender and nationality diversity on the CSR–innovation link at the organizational level. With a sample of 1,348 SMEs from Luxembourg, the results show that strategic CSR can promote both types of diversity, but only nationality diversity triggers technological innovation. Nationality diversity emerges as a partial mediator of the relationship between CSR and SMEs' technological innovation. Thus, strategic CSR, through the genuine pursuit of such diversity, can help SMEs attain positive returns on their product or process innovation. These results have important theoretical and managerial implications.
    Keywords: strategic CSR,diversity,gender,innovation,nationality,responsive CSR
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Rafail Prodani (Fan Noli University); Jozef Bushati (University of Shkodër "Luigj Gurakuqi"); Aigars Andersons (Vidzeme University of Applied Sciences)
    Abstract: Ever-evolving and increasingly powerful Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have fundamentally changed the nature of global relationships, sources of competitive advantage and opportunities for economic and social development. ICTs have greatly increased the impact on every area of human life. Technologies such as the Internet, personal computers and wireless have turned the globe into a network of individuals, businesses, governments, and ever-growing schools who communicate and interact with one another. Without doubt ICTs plays a strategic role in managing organizations. This paper presents a part of the current state of ICTs for enterprises by establishing comparative bases for further studies in this field. It also helps academic institutions to evaluate and identify factors, as well as the specific role and weight of these factors have in the process of developing ICTs towards a developed economy and society in the context of digital Albania. It is presented as a scientific analyse, accomplished, detailed and expressed in percentage and graphical analysis of a number of very important data sets of enterprises in their full form, to unlock developments in the field of ICTs in our country, including specific ones based on concrete data. This study tends to study the extent to which these but have involved ICTs and what impact these technologies have in the daily work of these organizations in part of Albania (Korca Region)and brings its contribution as a perspective of literature, experience and international studies, the level of development of our country regarding the assessment of electronic readiness of business organizations.
    Keywords: e-readiness,businesses organizations,information and communication technologies,Internet,impact
    Date: 2019–12–15
  3. By: Olga Ivanova; d'Artis Kancs; Mark Thissen
    Abstract: This is the first study that attempts to assess the regional economic impacts of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT) investments in a spatially explicit macroeconomic model, which allows us to take into account all key direct, indirect and spatial spillover effects of EIT investments via inter-regional trade and investment linkages and a spatial diffusion of technology via an endogenously determined global knowledge frontier with endogenous growth engines driven by investments in knowledge and human capital. Our simulation results of highly detailed EIT expenditure data suggest that, besides sizable direct effects in those regions that receive the EIT investment support, there are also significant spatial spillover effects to other (non-supported) EU regions. Taking into account all key indirect and spatial spillover effects is a particular strength of the adopted spatial general equilibrium methodology; our results suggest that they are important indeed and need to be taken into account when assessing the impacts of EIT investment policies on regional economies.
    Keywords: DSGE modelling, innovation, productivity, human capital, SCGE model, spatial spillovers.
    JEL: C68 D58 F12 R13 R30
    Date: 2019–10–10
  4. By: Aditi, Bunga (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi Harapan); PENTANA, SOPI
    Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyze the influence of MSME development as competitive advantage toward creative economic development in Medan city. Data analysis method used in research is path analysis. Simultaneously, the research results of MSME Development and Competitive Advantage have a positive and significant effect on creative economy. Partially, the Influence of MSME Development has positive and significant influence to creative economy. Partially Competitive advantage positively and significantly influences the creative economy. The development of MSME has a positive and significant impact on competitive advantage. Indirectly MSME development positively affects the creative economy through competitive advantage
    Date: 2018–09–02
  5. By: Katia Picaud-Bello; Thomas Johnsen (Audencia Recherche - Audencia Business School); Richard Calvi (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Mihalis Giannakis (Audencia Business School - Audencia Business School)
    Abstract: This paper aims to address the gap concerning our knowledge about early purchasing's involvement (EPI) in new product development (NPD) projects in contexts characterized by discontinuous innovation. We adopt a dynamic capability perspective to explore how existing sourcing and supplier relationship management capabilities are adapted when purchasing agents become involved in discontinuous innovations projects. We use an embedded case-study approach to study four NPD projects in a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) company. The case studies are based on interviews with managers and staff from the research and development, purchasing, and marketing departments, as well as suppliers involved in the projects. Our empirical findings capture emerging purchasing practices including a "reversed" sourcing process, purchasing-marketing interaction, and the coordination of "a learning atmosphere" between the R&D department and suppliers through proactive innovation meetings and creativity workshops. We derive propositions to conduct further research into the role of the purchasing department in times of discontinuous innovation. We also provide a framework of sourcing and supplier-relationship practices that firms can use when embarking on discontinuous innovation.
    Date: 2019–10
  6. By: Sampson, Thomas
    Abstract: This paper studies the origins and consequences of international technology gaps. I develop an endogenous growth model where R&D efficiency varies across countries and productivity differences emerge from firm-level technology investments. The theory characterizes how innovation and learning determine technology gaps, trade and global income inequality. Countries with higher R&D efficiency are richer and have comparative advantage in more innovation-dependent industries where the advantage of backwardness is lower and knowledge spillovers are more localized. I estimate R&D efficiency by country and innovation-dependence by industry from R&D and bilateral trade data. Calibrating the model implies technology gaps, due to cross-country differences in R&D efficiency, account for around one-quarter to one-third of nominal wage variation within the OECD.
    Keywords: technology gaps; trade; technology investment; Ricardian comparative advantage; international income inequality
    JEL: F11 F43 O14 O41
    Date: 2019–06
  7. By: Rachel Bocquet (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Sandra Dubouloz (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Tarik Chakor (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)
    Abstract: The effects of lean manufacturing on worker health remain poorly understood. Although recent studies show a moderating role of human resource management (HRM) practices on this relationship, they focus only on some specific HRM practices and do not grasp their effects on the different phases of the lean adoption process. By considering lean manufacturing as a managerial innovation, the objective of this paper is to explore the relationship between lean, HRM practices, and worker health according to the firm's lean maturity (i.e. intensity of usage and stage of adoption). The results, based on three case studies of French industrial firms, show that the effects of lean practices on worker health should be assessed in light of the combination of lean and HRM practices that differ along the lean process.
    Keywords: Lean Practices,Worker Health,Human Resource Management Practices,Bundles of Practices,Adoption Process
    Date: 2019
  8. By: David Carassus (CREG - Centre de recherche et d'études en gestion - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour); Pierre Marin (CREG - Centre de recherche et d'études en gestion - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour); C. Maurel; Christophe Favoreu (TBS - Toulouse Business School)
    Abstract: The objective of this research is to explore the relations between different categories of managerial innovations in public organizations. This paper aims to characterize the nature of the links between the implementation of an innovation and the subsequent adoption of a second, Bfollow-on^innovation. The research, which integrates the specific dimension of public managerial innovation, endeavours to enrich the research and the literature on the determinants of innovation dynamics in public organizations. Using two case studies of French local government authorities, this research highlights the direct and indirect effects and show how managerial innovations positively influence the future innovation capability of public organizations.
    Keywords: local government,public organization,innovation dynamics,managerial innovation
    Date: 2018
  9. By: Torelli, Riccardo; Balluchi, Federica; Lazzini, Arianna
    Abstract: Since the first Earth Day in the 1970s, corporate environmental performance has increased dramatically, and cases of greenwashing have increased sharply. The term greenwash refers to a variety of different misleading communications that aim to form overly positive beliefs among stakeholders about a company's environmental practices. The growing number of corporate social responsibility claims, whether founded or not, creates difficulties for stakeholders in distinguishing between truly positive business performance and companies that only appear to embrace a model of sustainable development. In this context, through the lens of legitimacy and signalling theory, we intend to understand and assess the different influences that various types of misleading communications about environmental issues have on stakeholders' perceptions of corporate environmental responsibility and greenwashing. Stakeholder responses to an environmental scandal will also be assessed. The hypotheses tested through a four‐for‐two design experiment reveal that different levels of greenwashing have a significantly different influence on stakeholders' perceptions of corporate environmental responsibility and stakeholders' reactions to environmental scandals.
    Date: 2019–08–13
  10. By: Juan Pablo Herrera Saavedra; Ginette Sofía Lozano Maturana; Jacobo Campo Robledo; Alejandra Catalina Parra Ochoa
    Abstract: In the last century, the relation between competition and innovation has been a subject of particular interest, considering the important role that technological progress plays on economic growth and social welfare. Moreover, for several decades, the interest and discussion in regards to this matter has been the focus of heated debates among economists, jurists; and, most notably, among Competition and Industrial Property Authorities, since competition and innovation are the main axes in any modern approach to industrial policy. This paper examines the relation between competition and innovation, based on the estimation of panel data models for 75 countries between 2007 and 2015. The results show an inverted-U relation between innovation and competition. In other words, increases in competition generates innovation to a certain level (turning point) where the effect of competition on innovation is negative. This is consistent with Aghion et al. (2005) approach. The results are robust to different variables used as a proxy for innovation.
    Keywords: Industrial Property, Competition, Panel Data, GMM, inverted-U.
    JEL: C32 L11 L22 M13
    Date: 2019–12–02
  11. By: Uju Violet Alola (Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey); Simplice A. Asongu (Yaoundé, Cameroon); Andrew Adewale Alola (Istanbul Gelisim University, Istanbul, Turkey)
    Abstract: Applying the conservation of resources theory and the self-efficacy theory, this study investigates the relationship between supervisor incivility, self-efficacy, cynicism and the job embeddedness of employees in the hotel industry. The role of self-efficacy, as an important variable that mediates the relationship between the predictor and the criterion variable, is significantly evaluated. A non-probability sampling technique was used to collect 245 questionnaires from frontline employees of five- and four-star hotels in Nigeria. The findings reveal that supervisor incivility has a negative effect on self-efficacy and a positive effect on cynicism, and that self-efficacy negatively affects cynicism. There was no significant relationship with job embeddedness in the study. Importantly, the investigation establishes that self-efficacy is a mediating variable between supervisor incivility and cynicism. The study noted the importance of adopting a policy that introduces periodic seminars and professional training for both employees and supervisors, as a means for curbing incivility and cynicism. The study concludes with theoretical and practical implications, leaving room for further investigation.
    Keywords: supervisor incivility; cynicism; self-efficacy; job embeddedness; Nigeria
    JEL: D23 M12 O55
    Date: 2019–01
  12. By: de Leverano, Adriano
    Abstract: I study a case of market sharing agreements to provide evidence of coordination between colluding firms on the degree to which they compete against each other (henceforth referred to as head-to-head competition) and their bidding behavior. I also quantify the impact that coordinating head-to-head competition has on procurement costs. My focus is on the two largest rms bidding in provincial road paving procurement auctions in Quebec between 2007 and 2015. I use the police investigation into collusion and corruption in the Quebec construction industry launched in October 2009 to capture the end of this cartel. I find that after this date, the two suspected firms i) were more likely to bid in the same auction and ii) submitted significantly lower bids when they competed in the same auction. A structural model of entry and bidding shows that if the firms had kept competing head-to-head at the same rate as in the collusive period but had stopped colluding on bids, bids would have increased by about 3.86% with respect to the competitive scenario observed after the police investigation began. This finding suggests that there were additional procurement costs associated with firms coordinating on the degree of head-to-head competition.
    Keywords: Auction,Bidding ring,Collusion,Public procurement
    JEL: D44 H57 L22 L74
    Date: 2019

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