nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2019‒08‒26
eleven papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Influential factors of initiating open innovation collaboration between universities and SMEs: Systematic Literature Review By Hezam Haidar; Karine Evrard Samuel; Jean-François Boujut
  2. Export activity, innovation and institutions in Southern European nascent entrepreneurship By Marques, Helena
  3. The Impact of Management of Diverse Talent Groups on Firm Performance in the Russian Context By Khasieva, D.
  4. Killer Technologies: the destructive creation in the technical change By Mario Coccia
  5. Internationalization of the State-Owned Enterprises from Emerging Markets: Literature Review and Research Agenda By Panibratov, A.; Klishevich, D.
  6. Skill Gap, Mismatch, and the Dynamics of Italian Companies’ Productivity By Fanti, Lucrezia; Guarascio, Dario; Tubiana, Matteo
  7. Exploration/exploitation and Firm Performance Relationship: Literature Review By Belikova, A.
  8. Technology Gaps, Trade and Income By Thomas Sampson
  9. On the Effects of Sanctions on Trade and Welfare: New Evidence Based on Structural Gravity and a New Database By Gabriel J. Felbermayr; Constantinos Syropoulos; Erdal Yalcin; Yoto V. Yotov
  10. Balancing Exploration and Exploitation at Different Stages of High-tech Start-up Development: Evidence from Russia By Shirokova, G.; Karpinskaia, E.
  11. Ramifications of the internationalisation of Brazilian public policy instruments for the rural sector By Carolina Milhorance

  1. By: Hezam Haidar (G-SCOP - Laboratoire des sciences pour la conception, l'optimisation et la production - UJF - Université Joseph Fourier - Grenoble 1 - Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology - INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CERAG - Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes); Karine Evrard Samuel (CERAG - Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes); Jean-François Boujut (GILCO - Gestion Industrielle Logistique et Conception - INPG - Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble)
    Abstract: Academia-Industry collaboration is increasingly seen as an essential engine of local economic development and the open innovation model is a key element in such collaboration. The aim of this paper is to explore the existing literature in a systematic way to identify the factors that influence decision makers to start an open innovation collaborations between universities and SMEs. The review shows that open innovation' in the context of university-Industry is receiving more and more attention. The majority of the existing research focus on knowledge and technology transfer. We used the Content Analysis method to analyze the final sample, the findings fall into four categories of factors: Organizational Structure, External Resources, Performance Indicators and Proximity. The article concludes with suggestions for future research.
    Keywords: SMEs,open innovation,university-Industry collaboration,early-stage development knowledge and technology transfer,systematic review
    Date: 2019–06–25
  2. By: Marques, Helena
    Abstract: This paper studies the role of personal characteristics, perceptual variables and country-level conditioning (financial environment, government quality and support, education quality and entrepreneurship know-how, innovation environment and support, business infrastructure, entrepreneurial culture and society, and gender roles) in explaining the export propensity and intensity of nascent entrepreneurs in four Southern European countries (Portugal, Spain, Italy and Greece), using Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activity (TEA) data from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) dataset in 2003-2010. Due to the nascent nature of the business, export activity is starting or about to start at the time of the survey and, for that reason, it cannot be studied using theoretical frameworks based on productivity heterogeneity, which has not yet been measured. In this sample of nascent businesses, there is no evidence of a selection effect into exporting and the individual-level factors influencing export propensity and intensity are identical. The most relevant individual-level variables facilitating export activity are new products, new technology, graduate education, and entrepreneurship networks. The most relevant country-level factors facilitating export activity are the availability of funding, the national government's macroeconomic support, and the support for new technology.
    Keywords: entrepreneurship,exporting,innovation,institutions,Southern Europe
    JEL: F14 J24 L26 O43
    Date: 2019
  3. By: Khasieva, D.
    Abstract: During last 10 years there has been a significant rise in the number of research, which explores gender diversity as an important business asset. These studies proved the connection between women presence in the team and firm performance, innovation level of firm, and its competitive ability. These findings made diversity one of the leading directions in the development of human resource management practices. Our study is dedicated to exploring the application of talent management, as a part of human resource management, to women with respect to their specific features. Our goal is to evaluate how these practices can impact on firm performance and to extract factors, which regulate diversity adaptation process. With this purpose, the literature review was performed. In this working paper, we present the key points of literature review in field of diversity management and talent management, identify the research gap, formulate research questions, set research framework, and ground them in the existing theories.
    Keywords: talent management practices, talent management practices, gender diversity, female talents, Russian context,
    Date: 2019
  4. By: Mario Coccia
    Abstract: Killer technology is a radical innovation, based on new products and/or processes, that with high technical and/or economic performance destroys the usage value of established techniques previously sold and used. Killer technology is a new concept in economics of innovation that may be useful for bringing a new perspective to explain and generalize the behavior and characteristics of innovations that generate a destructive creation for sustaining technical change. To explore the behavior of killer technologies, a simple model is proposed to analyze and predict how killer technologies destroy and substitute established technologies. Empirical evidence of this theoretical framework is based on historical data on the evolution of some example technologies. Theoretical framework and empirical evidence hint at general properties of the behavior of killer technologies to explain corporate, industrial, economic and social change and to support best practices for technology management of firms and innovation policy of nations. Overall, then, the proposed theoretical framework can lay a foundation for the development of more sophisticated concepts to explain the behavior of vital technologies that generate technological and industrial change in society.
    Date: 2019–07
  5. By: Panibratov, A.; Klishevich, D.
    Abstract: Research on the internationalizing state-owned companies (SOEs) is extremely relevant in the scientific community of strategic management and international business. Emerging markets show many examples of internationalized state-owned companies that are successful competitors to private firms, even though traditionally state companies are concerned mostly with their domestic markets. The research literature provides different answers to the question what theories better explain the international strategies of state-owned companies, and whether traditional theoretical approaches are able to explain these strategies. One of the dominant theoretical perspectives used in the analysis of international strategies of SOEs is the institutional perspective that explores the mutual influence of state ownership and institutional prerequisites of state-owned companies to international strategy. Scholars study the internationalization of SOEs through the lenses of resource-based view, resource dependency theory, political economy, transaction costs and neo-institutional theory. The major contribution of the research of internationalization of SOEs is that state ownership in companies indeed matters in terms of firms’ international strategies. State ownership influences the way firms internationalize, the choice of ownership in the international division, the degree of control and management features. The essence and scale of this influence continues to be in the center of scientific discussion. This review presents the promising and underexplored research avenues that have the potential for further development.
    Keywords: state-owned enterprises, internationalization, emerging markets,
    Date: 2019
  6. By: Fanti, Lucrezia; Guarascio, Dario; Tubiana, Matteo
    Abstract: Relying on a unique integrated database, this work explores the relationship between labour productivity, on one side; intensity and characteristics of companies’ skills need and degree of skill mismatch, on the other. The analysis focuses on a representative sample of Italian limited liability companies observed during the years 2012, 2014 and 2017. First, companies acknowledging the need to update their knowledge base display a higher productivity vis-à-vis other firms. Second, when it comes to the skill need distinguished by competence/knowledge domains (management, STEM, social and soft skills, technical operatives and humanities) it emerges that companies looking for technical operative and social skills show lower labour productivity as compared to other firms. On the contrary, companies characterized by a need in managerial, STEM or humanities-related skills show higher productivity. Third, the ability to match the skill need via new hiring is always positively correlated with firms’ productivity. This result is confirmed across all the adopted specifications.
    Keywords: labour productivity,skill mismatch,firm-level heterogeneity,knowledgebase,organizational capabilities
    JEL: D22 D80 J24
    Date: 2019
  7. By: Belikova, A.
    Abstract: Despite the considerable amount of studies on exploration and exploitation and their relationship with firm performance, there is no common point of view regarding the phenomena. This work is aimed at a critical review of scientific works on the identified issues based on the empirical analysis of factors influencing exploration and exploitation as well as the relationship between exploration and exploitation and firm performance, classification of the main approaches for investigation of this scientific problem, and suggesting directions for further research. Using the systematic literature review method the author has analyzed 143 articles from 19 leading journals in the area of management, business, and entrepreneurship in the period from 1991 to 2019. As a result, the main research directions were distinguished, which investigate (1) formation of exploration and exploitation in organizations, (2) the direct relationship between exploration and exploitation and firm performance; (3) moderators, and (4) mediators in the relationship between exploration and exploitation and firm performance. Moreover, based on the analysis of the literature, the author classified approaches for exploration and exploitation definition. The author highlights the following perspective research directions: (1) investigation of the institutional environment influence on both formation factors and relationship between exploration / exploitation and firm performance, (2) investigation of exploration and exploitation in the context of small and medium business and (3) analysis of the stages of business structures development through exploration and exploitation phenomena.
    Keywords: exploration, exploitation, firm performance, literature review,
    Date: 2019
  8. By: Thomas Sampson
    Abstract: This paper studies the origins and consequences of international technology gaps. I develop an endogenous growth model where R&D efficiency varies across countries and productivity differences emerge from firm-level technology investments. The theory characterizes how innovation and learning determine technology gaps, trade and global income inequality. Countries with higher R&D efficiency are richer and have comparative advantage in more innovation-dependent industries where the advantage of backwardness is lower and knowledge spillovers are more localized. I estimate R&D efficiency by country and innovation-dependence by industry from R&D and bilateral trade data. Calibrating the model implies technology gaps, due to cross-country differences in R&D efficiency, account for around one-quarter to one-third of nominal wage variation within the OECD.
    Keywords: technology gaps, trade, technology investment, Ricardian comparative advantage, international wage inequality
    JEL: F11 F43 O14 O41
    Date: 2019
  9. By: Gabriel J. Felbermayr; Constantinos Syropoulos; Erdal Yalcin; Yoto V. Yotov
    Abstract: Using a new, global data base covering the years 1950 to 2015, we study the impact of sanctions on international trade and welfare. We make use of the rich dimensionality of our data and of the latest developments in the structural gravity literature. Starting with a broad evaluation by sanction type, we carefully investigate the case of Iran. Effects are significant but also widely heterogeneous across sanctioning countries. Moreover, they depend on the direction of trade. We also perform a counterfactual analysis which translates our partial equilibrium sanction estimates into heterogeneous but intuitive general equilibrium effects within the same framework.
    Keywords: sanctions, effectiveness of sanctions, structural gravity
    JEL: F10 F13 F14 F50 F51 H50 N40
    Date: 2019
  10. By: Shirokova, G.; Karpinskaia, E.
    Abstract: This study attempts to reveal the role of exploration and exploitation employment and balancing both during new venture creation process. Using longitudinal multiple case-study strategy, it tracks a vivid flow of start-up decisions and actions in-depth and over time through the series of rich interviews with founders of ten Russian high-tech start-ups and combines gained process data with the analysis start-up dynamics. As a result, a theoretical model of the relationship between exploration-exploitation and firm performance at key initial stages of development is created. This model contributes to the clarification of organizational adaptation concepts through the venture creation logics and entrepreneurial leadership processes.
    Keywords: organizational adaptation, exploration, exploitation, start-up development, performance,
    Date: 2019
  11. By: Carolina Milhorance (IPC-IG)
    Abstract: "International organisations and agencies from Western countries are no longer the only ones formulating development standards and international best practices. The proliferation of movements for exporting and importing social, economic and policy management models means it is now more relevant than ever to consider the relationships between countries of the global South. Most recent studies have focused on the drivers and strategies of emerging countries to promote South?South cooperation, while analysis of the impact of such initiatives is still scarce. In her recent book, Milhorance (2019) analyses the content of, processes involved in and consequences of the internationalisation of Brazilian rural public policies since the early 2000s". (...)
    Keywords: Ramifications, internationalisation, Brazilian, public, policy, instruments, rural, sector
    Date: 2019–05

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