nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2019‒07‒29
six papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. THE FOUR MOTIVES OF EDUCATIONAL INNOVATORS By Tatiana Khavenson; Diana Koroleva; Anastasia Lukina
  2. What explains India’s poor performance in garments exports: evidence from five clusters? By Ray, Saon
  3. Transforming Society by Creating Innovators through Skill & Research Focussed Education – A Case Study of Srinivas University By Aithal, Sreeramana; Aithal, Shubhrajyotsna
  4. How Types of Destination Influence Tourism Innovation Networks? By Véronique Favre-Bonté; Elodie Gardet; Catherine Thevenard-Puthod
  5. Innovation and Economic Growth: Does Internet Matter? By Bakari, Sayef
  6. Do political connections matter for firm innovation? Evidence from emerging markets in Central Asia and Eastern Europe By Krammer, Sorin; Jimenez, Alfredo

  1. By: Tatiana Khavenson (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Diana Koroleva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Anastasia Lukina (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Education systems across the world are experiencing significant transformations. Grassroots innovators play an important role in these changes. To stimulate the development of grassroots innovations it is important to understand the mechanisms that underlie their creation. This paper investigates the motivation of individuals who initialize innovative projects in education. The approach to measuring motivation was adopted from the Panel Study of Entrepreneurial Dynamics (PSED) initially developed for social and commercial entrepreneurs. The Russian version of the methodology was elaborated and validated to study educational innovators. The sample consists of 437 participants of the Competition for Innovation in Education (KIVO). Four types of motivation are identified: social, self-realization, status, financial. They are explained within the self-determination theory (SDT) and grassroots innovations. The social and self-realization motives are inherent in all the actors, while the other two vary among innovators. This motivational structure allows the authors to differentiate between specific types of innovators – social entrepreneurs and ‘non-entrepreneurs’. The discussion, following the conclusion in this article, focuses on which environment would be favorable for developing innovations, considering the personal motives for innovative activity. The results can be valuable for education policy.
    Keywords: innovation, grassroots innovation, education innovations, motivation, PSED, education system, educational change.
    JEL: I20 I21
    Date: 2019
  2. By: Ray, Saon
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the Indian apparel industry to examine the effect of clusters on the sales of this industry. The data has been collected through a primary survey in five garments clusters in India. The variable that is significant in explaining sales in most equations is technology proxied by imported machinery. It has been argued that inter-firm linkages and linkages between firms, service providers and institutions are crucial for competitiveness and this is best achieved through a cluster. Studies on clusters have shown that some clusters have been able to deepen their inter-firm division of labour, raise their competitiveness and break into international markets. Agglomeration may arise from the specialization of a region in a particular industry where firms share common inputs or knowledge. We argue that the main reason for India’s poor performance in garments (compared to other South Asian countries such as Bangladesh) is the lack of proper clusters. The development of the cluster in India has followed the ‘top down’ approach and the natural process through which linkages are developed are yet to occur in most clusters.
    Keywords: Competitiveness, garment, cluster, South Asia
    JEL: F14 L2 L23 L67
    Date: 2019–05
  3. By: Aithal, Sreeramana; Aithal, Shubhrajyotsna
    Abstract: Innovation is considered as the lifeblood of higher education institutions and universities in order to survive, sustain, differentiate, monopoly, and develop in their industry. It is postulated that the core Innovations of universities should be focussed in five areas to develop core resources which include physical infrastructure, digital infrastructure, innovative teaching-learning infrastructure, intellectual property infrastructure, emotional infrastructure, and network infrastructure. It is also postulated that the Skill focussed education model contributes to the creation of innovative teaching-learning infrastructure and Research oriented education model contributes to the intellectual property infrastructure of the organization. This paper highlights how a new innovative private university can plan and implement strategies to grow in its lifecycle of survival stage, sustainability stage, differentiation stage, monopoly stage, and developed stage by means of skill enhancement through industry integration model and research oriented curriculum based education model by considering Srinivas university as a case study. This case study elaborates how Srinivas university implements its strategy aggressively to grow as most innovative skill and research focussed education system in India with an objective of transforming society by creating innovators.
    Keywords: Innovations in HIE, Skill & research focussed, Industry integration in HIE, Private university, Srinivas university.
    JEL: M10
    Date: 2019–04
  4. By: Véronique Favre-Bonté (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Elodie Gardet (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc); Catherine Thevenard-Puthod (IREGE - Institut de Recherche en Gestion et en Economie - USMB [Université de Savoie] [Université de Chambéry] - Université Savoie Mont Blanc)
    Abstract: This paper examines the influence of the type of geographical location on the characteristics of innovation networks in the tourism industry, specifically in mountain resorts. It compares the innovation network forms of two types of mountain resorts (high-altitude and medium-altitude resorts) regarding four characteristics: the nature of the relationships between members, the mode of regulation used, the architecture, and the geographical scope. Our results show that according to the type of territory, innovation networks differ in type of partners, geographical scope, and regulation mode. However, the type of territory does not seem to influence the architecture of the network since all the networks studied have a hub organization that orchestrates the partners' actions.
    Keywords: Innovation,Mountain Resorts,Tourism,Networks,Geographical Location
    Date: 2019
  5. By: Bakari, Sayef
    Abstract: We analyze the relationship between economic growth and innovation taking into consideration the importance of the internet. To do so, we use a panel ARDL model, with data on a sample of 76 developed and developing countries in different geographic regions for the 1995–2016 period. Our findings provide empirical evidence of the positive role of innovation and internet in economic growth and the positive role of economic growth and internet in innovation. From these results, we derive several basic policy conclusions.
    Keywords: Innovation, Economic Growth, Internet
    JEL: O31 O32 O38 O47 O50
    Date: 2019–06
  6. By: Krammer, Sorin; Jimenez, Alfredo
    Abstract: We posit that the investments in political connections made by a firm in an emerging market will impact differently its propensity to introduce radical and incremental innovations. In addition, we argue that this effect will be moderated by alternate non-market firm strategies, such as bribery. Using a dataset of more than 9,000 firms in 30 emerging economies from Eastern Europe and Central Asia we find that political connections increase the probability of radical innovation but have no significant impact on incremental innovation. Moreover, larger bribing reduces the positive impact of political connections on radical innovation. Our results confirm the importance of political connections for firm activities, but also caution firms on their heterogeneous impact on various types of innovations, and their detrimental interplay with other non-market strategies.
    Keywords: Radical innovation; Incremental innovation; Political connections; Bribery; Non-market strategy.
    JEL: D72 L2 O31
    Date: 2019–06–27

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