nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2019‒07‒22
nine papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Absorptive capacity in New Zealand firms: Measurement and importance By Harris, Richard; Le, Trinh
  2. Quality management system for improvement of quality and efficiency of food production: case of dairy products enterprise By Saule Akhmetova; Mariya Suleimenova
  3. The impact of outsourcing implementation on service companies By Rima Žitkienė; Ugnė Dudė
  4. Conficuration of enterprise networks By Aleksandr Batkovskiy; Pavel Kalachikhin; Elena Semenova; Yury Telnov; Alena Fomina; Victor Balashov
  5. Business Dynamics in the National Establishment Time Series (NETS)/Leland Crane, Ryan Decker By Leland Crane; Ryan Decker
  6. Managing the emergence of concepts in fuzzy front end: a framework of strategic performance and emerging process of innovation briefs By Sophie Hooge; Milena Chen; Dominique Laousse
  7. Growth Spillovers in the MENA Region By Merve Aksoylar Baysoy; Sumru Altug
  8. The Role of Electoral Incentives for Policy Innovation: Evidence from the U.S. Welfare Reform By Bernecker, Andreas; Boyer, Pierre; Gathmann, Christina

  1. By: Harris, Richard; Le, Trinh
    Abstract: To the best of our knowledge, this paper reports the first set of nationally representative results on the importance of ‘absorptive capacity’ for firms operating in New Zealand between 2005-15. Absorptive capacity is generally defined as a firm's ability to internalise external knowledge. Using data principally from the Business Operations Survey, we measure absorptive capacity across a 10-year period and investigate if it remains stable in the long term. This is followed by considering how firms’ characteristics vary across levels of absorptive capacity and most importantly whether such capacity determines firms’ productivity performance across the primary, manufacturing and service sectors. Our results show that relative to other influences, absorptive capacity as measured here has a substantial influence on exporting, innovation, and undertaking R&D, and consequently on firm-level productivity. Set against relatively poor productivity performance, the paper concludes with a discussion of how government should consider helping firms to boost their levels of absorptive capacity in New Zealand.
    Keywords: International Relations/Trade
    Date: 2018–02
  2. By: Saule Akhmetova (Almaty Technological University); Mariya Suleimenova (Almaty Technological University)
    Abstract: On the basis of the conducted researches the strategic directions of development of the enterprise are scientifically based. The conceptual principles of creation and functioning of processes at Fudmaster Company JSC are formulated and the structural model of network of processes is created. The functional model and the mechanism of creation of process including its identification, formation, management and improvement are developed. The possibility of use of scientific methodology of FMEA analysis in technology of preparation of production "Kefir from Fudmaster" is shown. On the basis of the offered scientific and methodical approach the process of the production of fermented milk product "Kefir from Fudmaster" is structured. The standard of the organization for formation of processes of dairy production is developed and evidence-based.
    Keywords: quality management system,process,process approach,milk and dairy products,verification,measuring tools,monitoring,controlling
    Date: 2018–09–30
  3. By: Rima Žitkienė (Mykolas Romeris University); Ugnė Dudė (Mykolas Romeris University)
    Abstract: Outsourcing, as a managerial phenomenon, is gaining importance and attention among both scientists and entrepreneurs. Despite an increasing outsourcing practice among business units, the nature of factors affecting growth of the use of outsourcing on service companies have not received adequate attention in the scientific literature. The aim of paper is to provide in-depth analysis of factor affecting the spread of outsourcing practice among service companies. A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted in the fields of services, to achieve a thorough understanding of the issues involved, and identify the crucial factors affecting the use outsourcing in service companies. Literature analysis shows that spread of outsourcing is affected by external and internal factors. Most important internal factors affecting growth of outsourcing use in service companies are strategic and economic factors.
    Keywords: outsourcing,service companies,services,service management,business management,business
    Date: 2018–09–30
  4. By: Aleksandr Batkovskiy (Central Research Institute of Economy Management and Information Systems "Electronics"); Pavel Kalachikhin (VINITI - All-Russian Institute of Scientific and Technical Information); Elena Semenova (SUAI - Saint-Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation); Yury Telnov (PRUE - Plekhanov Russian University of Economics [Moscow]); Alena Fomina (Central Research Institute of Economy Management and Information Systems "Electronics"); Victor Balashov (Scientific and Production Enterprise "Radar MMS")
    Abstract: In the study, we consider the methods for optimizing the configuration of the network structure of enterprises based on the theory of fuzzy sets. These methods allow customizing the value chain in such a way as to maximize the likelihood of the success of a joint project to create innovative products. A strategic decision to change the configuration of the network structure is made based on an analysis of deviations of the generalized capabilities from the generalized requirements for the enterprise and its closest neighbors along the value chain. This optimization principle allows changing the configuration, taking into account the interests of participants in the network structure as a whole. We have formulated the task of developing tools for enterprise engineering based on intelligent decision support technologies and multi-agent systems. The approach to justifying decisions in the conditions of lack and incompleteness of the initial data on the basis of soft models is an alternative to existing traditional methods. The proposed network structure optimization model will allow effective strategic planning, supporting flexible management mechanisms at the strategic and operational levels. The research results show that it is possible to improve the efficiency of interaction between enterprises united by common goals by using services that allow enterprises to find information about their potential partners.
    Keywords: business model,network structure,value chain,key competencies,clusters,technology transfer
    Date: 2018–09–30
  5. By: Leland Crane; Ryan Decker
    Abstract: Business microdata have proven useful in a number of fields, but the main sources of comprehensive microdata are subject to significant confidentiality restrictions. A growing number of papers instead use a private data source seeking to cover the universe of U.S. business establishments, the National Establishment Time Series (NETS). Previous research documents the representativeness of NETS in terms of the distribution of employment and establishment counts across industry, geography, and establishment size. But there exists considerable need among researchers for microdata suitable for studying business dynamics---birth, growth, decline, and death. We evaluate NETS in terms of its ability to corroborate key insights from the business dynamics literature with a particular focus on the behavior of new and young firms. We find that NETS microdata exhibit patterns of business dynamics that are markedly different from official administrative sources, limiting the usefuln ess of NETS for studying these topics.
    Keywords: Business Microdata ; Economic Measurement ; Entrepreneurship ; Firm Dynamics ; High-Growth Firms ; Job Flows
    JEL: C81 M13 D22 L26
    Date: 2019–05–13
  6. By: Sophie Hooge (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - PSL Research University - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, DTMI Chair - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris); Milena Chen (SNCF : Innovation & Recherche - SNCF, DTMI Chair - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris); Dominique Laousse (SNCF : Innovation & Recherche - SNCF, DTMI Chair - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris)
    Abstract: Despite the importance of new concept development (NCD) literature, the variety and evolution of concepts generated in the fuzzy front end and that lead to the concepts that will be design briefs for new product, technology and radical innovation projects is still misunderstood. In this paper, we propose to address this issue of multiplicity and coherence of emerging concept descriptions in the fuzzy front end at three levels of analysis — cognitive, managerial and strategic — in order to describe the dynamics of conceptual works. We rely on a longitudinal study (8 years) of the innovation capability management in a large established firm, SNCF, the French railroad company. Our main results are i) to give a typology of emerging concept formulations; ii) to elicit a structured process of building a "desirable unknown" for both the firm and involved individuals, that gather three dimensions: cognitive generative power, collaborative attractiveness for new organizations experimentation, and strategic positioning renewal of the firm in quickly evolving environments; and iii) to explicit specific patterns of emerging concept that can improve the performance of design briefs. We thereby contribute to guide practitioners involved in NCD work to reach their innovation goals.
    Keywords: Fuzzy front end,Radical innovation,emerging concepts,design briefs
    Date: 2019–06
  7. By: Merve Aksoylar Baysoy (Koç University); Sumru Altug (American University of Beirut)
    Abstract: In this paper, we examine the role of spillovers in economic growth for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region by accounting for spatial effects. Such spatial effects in growth for the MENA countries may arise on the basis of geography, bilateral trade or institutional similarities. We explicitly model such interactions using a spatial econometric approach and ask how much they are likely to matter for growth externalities and spillover effects. To detect spatial dependence in growth rates, we make of the spatial lag model as well as the model with spatially autocorrelated error terms. Using results from the spatial econometrics literature, we test for the existence and type of spatial dependence. Our results indicate that the economic growth of a MENA country is positively affected by the economic growth of countries that are geographically close and that have similar institutional characteristics rather than through the growth of its trade partners.
    Keywords: Growth regressions, spillover effects, spatial econometrics, MENA countries
    JEL: O40 R11 F43
    Date: 2019–07
  8. By: Bernecker, Andreas; Boyer, Pierre; Gathmann, Christina
    Abstract: This paper shows that electoral incentives matter for the decision to implement novel policies. Our empirical setting is the period prior to and following the U.S. welfare reform in 1996, which marked the most dramatic shift in social policy since the New Deal. Our findings indicate that governors with strong electoral support are less likely to experiment than governors with little support. Yet, governors who cannot be reelected actually experiment more than governors striving for reelection. These findings are robust to controlling for ideology, preferences for redistribution, the state legislature, and cross-state learning.
    Keywords: Electoral incentives; Policy innovation; Spillovers; Welfare reform
    JEL: D72 D78 H75 I38
    Date: 2019–05
  9. By: Richard Grimal (Cerema Direction ITM - Centre d'Etudes et d'Expertise sur les Risques, l'Environnement, la Mobilité et l'Aménagement - Direction Infrastructures de Transport et Matériaux - Cerema - Centre d'Etudes et d'Expertise sur les Risques, l'Environnement, la Mobilité et l'Aménagement)
    Date: 2017–10

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