nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2017‒07‒23
fifteen papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Effect of Inter-organizational Network on TMT – Entry Mode Choice relationship By Mukherjee Subhasree; Dhayanithy Deepak
  2. Industrial Clusters, Organized Crime and Productivity Growth in Italian SMEs By Ganau, Roberto; Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés
  3. Industrial Clusters, Organized Crime and Productivity Growth in Italian SMEs By Roberto Ganau; AndrŽs Rodr’guez-Pose
  4. Unrelated knowledge combinations: Unexplored potential for regional industrial path development By Grillitsch, Markus; Asheim, Bjorn; Trippl, Michaela
  5. Opening and linking up: Firms, global value chains and productivity in Latin America By Montalbano, Pierluigi; Nenci, Silvia; Pietrobelli, Carlo
  6. To Grow or Not to Grow? That is the Question: Lessons for Social Ecological Transformation from Small-Medium Enterprises. By Heidi Leonhardt; Juschten Maria; Clive L. Spash,
  7. Evaluating the Impact of Outsourcing Strategy on Procurement Performance of Selected Technical Universities in Ghana By Prempeh, Kwadwo Boateng; Nsiah-Asare, Evelyn
  8. Science, technology and innovation for economic competitiveness: the role of smart specialization in less-developed countries. By Krammer, Sorin M.S.
  9. The Growth of U.S. Science and Technology Parks: Does Proximity to a University Matter? By Kelsi, Hobbs; Albert, Link; John, Scott
  10. Innovation activities of firms in Germany - Results of the German CIS 2012 and 2014: Background report on the surveys of the Mannheim Innovation Panel Conducted in the Years 2013 to 2016 By Behrens, Vanessa; Berger, Marius; Hud, Martin; Hünermund, Paul; Iferd, Younes; Peters, Bettina; Rammer, Christian; Schubert, Torben
  11. Where Women Make The Difference. The Effects of Corporate Board Gender Quotas on Firms’ Performance across Europe By Simona, Comi; Mara, Grasseni; Federica, Origo; Laura, Pagani;
  12. Innovation policy & labour productivity growth: Education, research & development, government effectiveness and business policy By Al Raee, Mueid; Ritzen, Jo; Crombrugghe, Denis de
  13. Interação com universidades e capacidade de absorção: um olhar para as empresas brasileiras By André Luiz Silva Teixeira; Emerson Gomes dos Santos; Gustavo Henrique Costa Barbosa; Alexandre Abreu Medrado; Márcia Siqueira Rapini; Janaína Ruffoni Trez
  14. The Business Demography of the ICT Sector in Europe By Fiammetta Rossetti
  15. Government Quality Determinants of ICT Adoption in Sub-Saharan Africa By Simplice Asongu; Nicholas Biekpe

  1. By: Mukherjee Subhasree (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode); Dhayanithy Deepak (Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode)
    Abstract: In this paper, we undertake an extensive literature review on full control or shared controlentry mode where foreign market entry mode choice is treated as the international strategic decision of interest. There are three reasons behind selecting entry mode to discuss the impact of interorganizational network on the decision making process by TMT. Firstly, entry mode decisions depend on resources provided by the firm’s network. Secondly, existing studies have considered only the microfoundational perspectives of the TMT in implementation of macro level decisions of the firm. This study aims to bridge the gap between micro and macro level of analysis. Finally, interorganizational network has largely been ignored in the entry mode study, but effective formulation and implementation of strategy by the TMT is contingent on the interaction between internal and external environment, through networks.Followed by taking stock of literature we proposed a conceptual model with probable moderation effects of network variables on the relationship between TMT characteristics and entry mode choice. Network variables include size of the network of each firm, density of ties in the network, and centrality of each firm in the firm.
    Keywords: Information security, literature review, research methodologies, theories.
    Date: 2017–05
  2. By: Ganau, Roberto; Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés
    Abstract: We examine whether organized crime affects firms' performance (defined using Total Factor Productivity growth) both directly and indirectly, by downsizing the positive externalities arising from the geographic concentration of (intra- and inter-industry) market-related firms. The analysis uses a large sample of Italian small- and medium-sized manufacturing firms over the period 2010-2013. The results highlight the negative direct effects of organized crime on firms' productivity growth. Any positive effect derived from industrial clustering is thoroughly debilitated by a strong presence of organized crime, and the negative moderation effect of organized crime on productivity growth is greater for smaller than for larger firms.
    Keywords: Total Factor Productivity; Organized crime; Industrial clustering; Externalities; Italy
    JEL: D24 L25 R11 R12
    Date: 2017–07
  3. By: Roberto Ganau; AndrŽs Rodr’guez-Pose
    Abstract: We examine whether organized crime affects firms' performance (defined using Total Factor Productivity growth) both directly and indirectly, by downsizing the positive externalities arising from the geographic concentration of (intra- and inter-industry) market-related firms. The analysis uses a large sample of Italian small- and medium-sized manufacturing firms over the period 2010-2013. The results highlight the negative direct effects of organized crime on firms' productivity growth. Any positive effect derived from industrial clustering is thoroughly debilitated by a strong presence of organized crime, and the negative moderation effect of organized crime on productivity growth is greater for smaller than for larger firms. Length:
    JEL: J61 R23
    Date: 2017–07
  4. By: Grillitsch, Markus (KEG, Lund University); Asheim, Bjorn (University of Stavanger); Trippl, Michaela (University of Vienna)
    Abstract: The paper engages in a critical discussion of the related variety – regional branching argument and foregrounds a more differentiated perspective on regional industrial path development. It contributes by i) sharpening the definition of key concepts, namely specialisation and diversity, related and unrelated variety, ii) discussing their relevance in local and non-local spaces, iii) scrutinizing related variety as source for regional branching, and iv) developing a conceptual framework capturing the opportunity space for regional structural change that unveils the relevance of path upgrading, path importation, path branching, path diversification, and new path creation as different forms of new path development.
    Keywords: industrial path development; economic diversification; regional structural change; specialisation and diversity; related and unrelated variety; knowledge base combinations
    JEL: B52 O10 R10 R58
    Date: 2017–07–10
  5. By: Montalbano, Pierluigi (University of Roma Tre, University of Sussex); Nenci, Silvia (University of Roma Tre); Pietrobelli, Carlo (, and UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University)
    Abstract: This work explores the relationship between exports, Global Value Chains' (GVCs) participation and position, and firms' productivity. To this aim, we combine the most recent World Bank Enterprise Survey in Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries with the OECD-WTO trade in value added data. To explore the above relationship we adopt an extended version of the standard Cobb-Douglas output function including indicators of export performance and GVCs. We control for heterogeneity among firms (by country, region, and industry), sample selection, firms' characteristics and reverse causality. Our empirical outcomes confirm the presence of a positive relationship between participation in international activities and firm performance. They also show that both participation in GVCs and position within GVCs matter. These findings have strong policy implications and may help policymakers in choosing the best policy options to enhance the link between GVCs integration and firms' productivity.
    Keywords: Firm productivity, Exports, Trade in Value added, Global Value Chains, GCVs, learning by supplying
    JEL: F14 F61 D24 L22 O54
    Date: 2017–07–05
  6. By: Heidi Leonhardt (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute of Sustainable Economic Development); Juschten Maria (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Institute for Transport Studies); Clive L. Spash, (Vienna University of Economics and Business)
    Abstract: While research on alternatives to growth at the level of the economy as a whole is accumulating, few studies have related the criticism of growth to the business level. This paper starts to address this gap by investigating mechanisms of growth for small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), presenting a case study that applies Q methodology and interviews with owner-managers of both growing and non-growing SMEs in Austria. Some mechanisms stimulating growth are identified across SMEs including contributing to innovativeness and motivation of employees. Others are only of relevance for some SMEs: competition, financial stability and a desire for market power. The owner-managers of non-growing SMEs hold values and pursue goals that free them from mechanisms of growth or prevent them from being triggered. Moreover, they exhibit a strong identification with their SME, operate in niche markets and strive for financial independence. This illustrates that a growth imperative is neither inevitable nor are growth mechanisms always operative, but depend upon structures and institutions.
    Keywords: SME growth, growth mechanisms, post-growth society, social ecological transformation.
    JEL: L21 M14 O44
    Date: 2017–07
  7. By: Prempeh, Kwadwo Boateng; Nsiah-Asare, Evelyn
    Abstract: Due to globalization, outsourcing has become one of the widely embraced strategies for delivering outstanding services in the educational sector. However, in spite of the increasing trend in outsourcing arrangements, there are inadequate literature underpinnings on how outsourcing activities affect the performance of educational institutions in Ghana. In order to bridge that gap, this research seeks to evaluate the effects of outsourcing strategy on procurement performance of some selected Technical Universities in Ghana. The main data collection instrument employed in this study is the structured questionnaire. The study employed the purposive and stratified sampling technique. The findings revealed that contracting, comprehensive outsourcing, licensing agreement and selective outsourcing strategies were main determinants of procurement performance of Technical Universities in Ghana. The study recommends that technical universities in Ghana should put more emphasis on training and information sharing in order to improve procurement performance. All procurement processes should be automated so as to reduce the error rates and discrepancies in the process and align the procurement procedures to the Public Procurement Act. This is because efficient procurement process could be used as a competitive advantage.
    Keywords: Outsourcing Strategy, Procurement Performance, Public Procurement Act, Technical Universities
    JEL: M11
    Date: 2017–07–14
  8. By: Krammer, Sorin M.S.
    Abstract: Smart specialization (SS) is a policy concept that has gained significant momentum in Europe despite a frail theoretical background and implementation difficulties. These challenges become critical in the case of less-developed economies that often lack regional autonomy, a strong STI base, and local capabilities to identify and sustain such SS strategies. Combining elements from evolutionary economics and the export-led literature, I propose a framework that anchors the role of SS in the national innovation policy of such laggards, as a complementary avenue for improving competitiveness and growth. Moreover, to assist policy makers in lagging regions or countries, I advance a diagnostic tool to identify potential areas for SS, and also address the systemic and the regional-sectoral bottlenecks in these domains. I exemplify the use of this tool in the case of Bulgaria by using a large battery of quantitative and qualitative indicators from publicly available data. This type of investigation may be useful for other less-developed economies to kick-start this process and identify prima facie SS candidates.
    Keywords: Smart Specialization; Innovation Systems; Exports; Patents; Scientific publications;
    JEL: F14 O14 O31 O38 O52
    Date: 2015–12–05
  9. By: Kelsi, Hobbs (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); Albert, Link (University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Economics); John, Scott (Dartmouth College)
    Abstract: In this paper, we present a generalized model of U.S. university science and technology parks, and we identify covariates that might serve as target variables not only to perpetuate the growth of existing parks but also to provide information for those nations, regions, and universities starting new parks. Relevant covariates are the distance between the park and the university and if the park was founded during the information and communications technology (ICT) revolution (post-2000).
    Keywords: science park; technology park; geographic location; ICT
    JEL: O32 O51 R11 R12
    Date: 2017–07–11
  10. By: Behrens, Vanessa; Berger, Marius; Hud, Martin; Hünermund, Paul; Iferd, Younes; Peters, Bettina; Rammer, Christian; Schubert, Torben
    Abstract: Innovation is regarded as a key driver of productivity and market growth and thus has a great potential for increasing wealth. Surveying innovation activities of firms is an important contribution to a better understanding of the process of innovation and how policy may intervene to maximise the social returns of private investment into innovation. Over the past three decades, research has developed a detailed methodology to collect and analyse innovation activities at the firm level. The Oslo Manual, published by OECD and Eurostat (2005) is one important outcome of these efforts. In 1993 both organisations have started a joint initiative, known as the Community Innovation Survey (CIS), to collect firm level data on innovation across countries in concord (with each other). The German contribution to this activity is the so-called Mannheim Innovation Panel (MIP), an annual survey implemented with the first CIS wave in 1993. The MIP fully applies the methodological recommendations laid down in the Oslo Manual. It is designed as a panel survey, i.e. the same gross sample of firms is surveyed each year, with a biannual refreshment of the sample. The MIP is commissioned by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and conducted by the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW) in cooperation with the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research (ISI) and the Institute for Applied Social Science (infas). This publication reports main results of the MIP surveys conducted in the years 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016. The surveys of the years 2013 and 2015 were the German contribution to the CIS for the reference years 2012 and 2014. The purpose of this report is to present descriptive results on various innovation indicators for the German enterprise sector.
    Date: 2017
  11. By: Simona, Comi; Mara, Grasseni; Federica, Origo; Laura, Pagani;
    Abstract: We study the effect of corporate board gender quotas on firm performance in Belgium, France, Italy and Spain. The empirical analysis is based on accounting panel data from Bureau Van Dijk’s Amadeus. Our identification strategy relies on both double and triple difference estimators with ex-ante matching. We find that gender quotas had either a negative or an insignificant effect on firm performance in the countries considered with the exception of Italy, where we find a positive impact on productivity. We then focus on Italy and offer possible explanations for the positive effect of gender quotas using detailed information on board members’ characteristics.
    Keywords: Gender quotas, corporate governance, firm performance, productivity
    JEL: G30 G38 J3
    Date: 2017–07–12
  12. By: Al Raee, Mueid (UNU-MERIT, and Maastricht University); Ritzen, Jo (UNU-MERIT, and Maastricht University); Crombrugghe, Denis de (School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University)
    Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between labour productivity growth in non-traditional sectors and "innovation policy" for a cross-section of countries. Innovation policy is characterised by investments in tertiary education and research and development as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the freedom in the business environment, as well as overall government effectiveness. Our results confirm the economic convergence between richer and poorer countries. We could show a significant positive effect of the interaction between government effectiveness and government expenditures in tertiary education as a percent of GDP on labour productivity growth in non-traditional sectors. Also, for developing countries, a positive and significant relationship between the growth variable and effective research and development expenditures was observed. We could not uncover a relationship between other innovation policies and labour productivity growth. Non-traditional sector labour productivity growth in the oil-rich Arabian Gulf countries was observed to be consistently slower than Western countries. Higher oil prices appear to crowd out innovation in oil-rich countries while stimulating innovation in oil-importing countries.
    Keywords: Innovation policy, labour productivity growth, technological change, government effectiveness, developing countries, Arabian Gulf countries.
    JEL: O38 O43 O47
    Date: 2017–04–04
  13. By: André Luiz Silva Teixeira (Cedeplar-UFMG); Emerson Gomes dos Santos (EPPEN/UNIFESP); Gustavo Henrique Costa Barbosa (FACE/UFMG); Alexandre Abreu Medrado (FACE/UFMG); Márcia Siqueira Rapini (Cedeplar-UFMG); Janaína Ruffoni Trez (PPGE/UNISINOS)
    Abstract: The main purpose of this working paper is to present the results of a survey with firms about the relationship between firm’s absorptive capacity (its dimensions and determinants) and its interaction with universities (AC and UFI, respectively). The joint measure of these two innovative process aspects is one of the main contributions of this research. We detail the process to obtain the new and primary data, show the idiosyncrasies of database and indicate some methodological challenges for further analyses. This database is small and consists of innovative firms that interact with universities by joint research with them and tend to have higher AC, especially potential AC. It is necessary specific methods for small database and that permits a better treatment answers like “without conditions to answer”.
    Keywords: Absorptive capacity; university-industry interactions; survey
    JEL: L20 O31
    Date: 2017–07
  14. By: Fiammetta Rossetti (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: This report explores the latest available statistics up to 2014 for the business demography of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) economic sector in Europe. It combines relevant databases which provide insights into the Member States’ ICT performance. The first four sections of this report take into account information, primarily from Eurostat, on ICT business demography. In the fifth section, radar charts are employed to combine Eurostat figures with information from the project on Prospective Insights in ICT R&D – phase 3 (PREDICT) in order to gain further insights into the association of relevant ICT variables across European countries. Selected economic indicators from Eurostat are also included in the final section in order to reveal patterns of associations between ICT and the economy.
    Keywords: ICT, R&D, Innovation, Statistics
    JEL: O30 O32 O52
    Date: 2017–06
  15. By: Simplice Asongu (Yaoundé/Cameroun); Nicholas Biekpe (Cape Town, South Africa)
    Abstract: This study investigates government quality determinants of ICT adoption using Generalised Method of Moments on a panel of 49 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries for the period 2000-2012. ICT is measured with mobile phone penetration, internet penetration and telephone penetration rates while all governance dimensions from the World Bank Governance Indicators are considered, namely: political governance (consisting of political stability and “voice & accountability”); economic governance (entailing government effectiveness and regulation quality) and institutional governance (encompassing the rule of law and corruption-control). The following findings are established. First, political stability and the rule of law have positive short run and negative long term effects on mobile phone penetration. Second, the rule of law has a positive (negative) short run (long term) effect on internet penetration. Third, government effectiveness and corruption-control have positive short run and long term effects on telephone penetration. Institutional governance appears to be most significant in determining ICT adoption in SSA.
    Keywords: ICT; Governance; Africa
    JEL: G20 O38 O40 O55 P37
    Date: 2017–05

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