nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2017‒06‒11
ten papers chosen by
João José de Matos Ferreira
Universidade da Beira Interior

  1. Estimating technological spillover effects in presence of knowledge heterogeneous foreign subsidiaries: Evidence from Colombia By Nadia Albis; Isabel Álvarez
  2. Regional variation of innovation activity in Poland. The positive role of location in metropolitan areas affirmed By Tomasz; Anna Golejewska
  3. University–industry linkages and academic engagements: individual behaviours and firms’ barriers. Introduction to the special section By Andrea Filippetti; Maria Savona
  4. Empirical Models of Firms and Industries By Aguirregabiria, Victor; Slade, Margaret
  5. The Impact of Bank Expansion on Self-Employed Business Owners: Evidence from US States By Anindo Sarker; Bulent Unel
  6. Regional Economic Competitiveness. The Case of Romania By Elena Pelinescu; Marioara Iordan; Nona Chilian; Mihaela Simionescu
  7. Boosting R&D outcomes in Australia By Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou; Taejin Park
  8. Creating good conditions for innovation-driven productivity gains in Australia By Philip Hemmings; Taejin Park
  9. Estimating the link between farm productivity and innovation in the Netherlands By Johannes Sauer
  10. Efficiency of investment in compulsory education: empirical analyses in Europe By Tommaso Agasisti; Ralph Hippe; Giuseppe Munda

  1. By: Nadia Albis (Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI) and Observatorio Colombiano de Ciencia y Tecnología.); Isabel Álvarez (Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales (ICEI). Universidad Complutense de Madrid.)
    Abstract: This paper analyses the effects of heterogeneous foreign subsidiaries in the generation of knowledge spillovers beneficial for domestic owned firms. The empirical analysis uses firm-level panel data for manufacturing firms in Colombia for the period 2003-2012. We identify two different types of subsidiaries according to their technological responsibilities and mandates, to empirically test the existence of differential effects on domestic firms’ productivity. Our results confirm that only those subsidiaries oriented to creative technological activities exert significant and positive effects, while those subsidiaries oriented to exploitative technological activities do not generate knowledge spillover effects. These findings contribute to arguments in the existing literature supporting the distinctive role and relevance of heterogeneous foreign subsidiaries in developing host contexts.
    Keywords: Technological spillovers; Multinational; Subsidiaries; Firms; Heterogeneity.
    Date: 2017
  2. By: Tomasz (Faculty of Economics, University of Gdansk; Institute for Development); Anna Golejewska (Faculty of Economics, University of Gdansk)
    Abstract: Poland’s innovation performance is unsatisfactory. In the context of the required shift of the present mostly-extensive growth paradigm to more knowledge and innovation-intensive one has to take into account the regional variation in innovative and economic activity in this middle-sized open economy in order to fine-tune its regional development and innovation policies. Using the firm-level data for manufacturing sector aggregated to NUTS3 regions as well as firm-level data from a unique qualitative survey carried out by the Institute for Development we try to identify the determinants of variation in innovative activity of firms within Poland in order to account for regional differences in particular between metropolitan and non-metropolitan regions. The analysis at aggregated NUTS3 level does not bring satisfactory results. The difference between metropolitan and non-metropolitan regions is statistically insignificant and the overall results are mixed. In the second step, we apply more sophisticated econometric methods controlling for firm-specific, sector-specific and region-specific features as suggested in the literature of the subject identifying the positive effect of location within metropolitan regions on the innovative performance of companies. Furthermore, the results point to the significance of firm-specific, internal, as well as region-specific – factors external to a firm, nonetheless, supporting the notion of regional innovation systems in which firms are embedded.
    Keywords: innovation, regional innovation system, regional economic performance, firm-level, logit model, Poisson model, negative binomial model
    JEL: O30 R11 R12 R58 C21
    Date: 2017–05
  3. By: Andrea Filippetti; Maria Savona
    Abstract: The article introduces the special section on “University–industry linkages and academic engagements: Individual behaviours and firms’ barriers”. We first revisit the latest developments of the literature and policy interest on university–industry research. We then build upon the extant literature and unpack the concept of academic engagement by further exploring the heterogeneity of UI linkages along a set of dimensions and actors involved. These are: (1) Incentives and behaviours of individual academic entrepreneurs; (2) Firms’ barriers to cooperation with public research institutions; (3) Individual behaviours, incentives and organizational bottlenecks in late developing countries. We summarize the individual contributions along these dimensions. There are overlooked individual characteristics that affect the degree of engagement of academics and scholars in cooperating with other organizations, of which gender and the non-academic background of individuals are most crucial. The notion of academic engagement should be enlarged to aspects that go beyond the commercialization or patenting of innovation, but embrace social and economic impact more at large. From the perspective of the firm, barriers to innovation might exert an effect on the likelihood to cooperate with universities and public research institutes, most especially to cope with lack of finance or access to frontier knowledge. We finally propose a research agenda that addresses the challenges ahead.
    Keywords: University–industry linkages Academic engagement Barriers to innovation
    JEL: O31 O32
    Date: 2017–04–28
  4. By: Aguirregabiria, Victor; Slade, Margaret
    Abstract: We review important developments in Empirical Industrial Organization (IO) over the last three decades. The paper is organized around six topics: collusion, demand, productivity, industry dynamics, inter-firm contracts, and auctions. We present models that are workhorses in empirical IO, and describe applications. For each topic, we discuss at least one empirical application using Canadian data.
    Keywords: Collusion; demand for differentiated products; dynamic structural models; empirical auction models; Empirical IO; inter-firm contracts; production functions
    JEL: C57 L10 L20 L30 L40 L50
    Date: 2017–06
  5. By: Anindo Sarker; Bulent Unel
    Abstract: We use state-level bank branch deregulations to study the impact of changes in credit on entrepreneurship at the individual-owner level. We classify self-employed individuals into incorporated and unincorporated business owners. Exploiting the variation in the staggered timing of banking deregulations, we find that branching reforms affected the entry and exit rates of the incorporated self-employed. Further, the branching reforms encouraged unincorporated businesses to incorporate. Finally, the effects of reforms are different across groups based on gender, race, and age. We find stronger effects on incorporated business creation among minorities, and higher exit rates among the young and minorities.
  6. By: Elena Pelinescu (Institute of Economic Forecasting); Marioara Iordan (Institute of Economic Forecasting); Nona Chilian (Institute of Economic Forecasting); Mihaela Simionescu (Institute of Economic Forecasting)
    Abstract: The paper approaches the issue of regional competitiveness in Romania, focusing on simple tools for analysis, namely the shift-share analysis (introduced by Dunn in 1960) and specific competitiveness indicators: RCA, RCA1 and RCA2. As documented in the literature, the level of such indicators and the changes that occur in their levels are key factors for an analysis of economic and social performance at regional and sub-regional levels (D’Elia, 2005; Chilian, 2012; Iordan et al., 2014; Pelinescu, 2015). The classical form of shift-share analysis chosen by the authors envisages to “divide†the dynamics of a certain growth factor in a certain region into three components: national, sectoral and regional. Given such issues, by using the sectoral shift-share analysis of exports completed by the indices-based competitiveness analysis in the paper will be identified the regions of Romania which reveal dynamics of their economic structures conducing to high levels of external competitiveness (and, thus, to a higher degree of integration into the European Single Market), and to sustainable specializations, adequate to the requirements of building a modern economy, with high flexibility and high technological level.
    Keywords: regional competitiveness, Romanian regions and counties, comparative advantage / disadvantage indices, shift-share analysis
    JEL: F14 R12 R15
    Date: 2017–01
  7. By: Vassiliki Koutsogeorgopoulou (OECD); Taejin Park
    Abstract: R&D activity can play a central role in raising productivity. Australia compares well in terms of research excellence. However, there is scope for better translation of publicly funded research into commercial outcomes. Strengthening incentives for collaborative research is essential. A simpler funding system for university research that provides sharper and more transparent incentives for research partnerships is important in this regard. Research-business linkages would also be boosted by more effective programmes encouraging business to collaborate, measures promoting greater mobility of researchers between the two sectors, and steps to ensure that intellectual property arrangements are not a barrier to knowledge. In Australia financial support for encouraging business innovation relies mostly on an R&D tax incentive; raising additionality and reducing compliance costs would enhance the effectiveness of the scheme. Maximising the benefits from public investment in research further hinges upon a well-coordinated science, research and innovation system through a “whole-of-government” approach and consolidating certain programmes. Reform initiatives underway, notably those in the National Innovation and Science Agenda, are welcome.
    Keywords: co-ordination, collaboration, commercialisation, evaluation, funding
    JEL: I23 O30 O38
    Date: 2017–06–08
  8. By: Philip Hemmings (OECD); Taejin Park
    Abstract: Innovation is key to boosting Australia’s productivity and inclusiveness. This paper examines the policies that create good conditions for innovation, not only in science and technology but also wider forms, such as business-model innovation. Competition and flexible markets are particularly important in the Australian context. Also there is room to improve the environment for firm entry and exit, and intellectual property arrangements. However, the returns to public spending on Australia’s numerous innovation-related SME support schemes are uncertain. Federal and state governments are taking a positive approach to the new wave of “disruptive” service-sector innovations, such as those underway in personal transport, accommodation, legal and financial services. Harnessing the full benefits of today's innovation requires household and business have access to high-speed ICT; and there is room for improvement on this front in Australia. In education, Australia’s STEM-oriented strategy could be strengthened. Innovation in public-services should receive considerable attention as this can raise aggregate productivity and improve living standards.
    Keywords: competition, firm dynamics, ICT, intellectual property, public sector, SME
    JEL: O30 O31 O33 O34 O38 O56
    Date: 2017–06–08
  9. By: Johannes Sauer (Technical University of Munich)
    Abstract: This report investigates the link between farm innovation and economic performance. The study uses a unique survey dataset maintained by Wageningen Economic Research in the Netherlands. A structural multi-stage model of firm-level innovation is applied. The model contains four steps: first, the decision of the farmer to innovate at all; second the innovation intensity, measured by expenditures on innovation activities; third the output of the innovation process, which is measured by realized product, process, organisational or marketing-related innovation; fourth, productivity changes as a result of innovation. The analysis is performed for two types of farms – dairy and crop farms – and covers the period from 2004 to 2014. A number of factors are found to be decisive for the magnitude and success of farm innovations in the Netherlands. Among them regulations and standards, the level of co-operation with knowledge producing institutions, own product and process-related development activities, farm size, the age of the farm operator as well as confidence in business and sector developments. Based on these and other results, the report derives implications for policies aimed at promoting farm innovation and productivity and sustainability in the agricultural sector.
    Keywords: agriculture, Dutch farms, Innovation, productivity
    JEL: O31 Q12 Q16
    Date: 2017–06–07
  10. By: Tommaso Agasisti (Politecnico di Milano School of Management Department of Management, Economics and Industrial Engineering); Ralph Hippe (European Commission - JRC); Giuseppe Munda (European Commission - JRC)
    Abstract: The current economic crisis has put ever more to the forefront the need to achieve educational goals in the most efficient way. Therefore, this report provides an empirical analysis of the efficiency in education in the EU. Efficiency is measured first by using two different but related traditional frontier approaches (Data Envelopment Analysis and Free Disposal Hull) and then the robustness of our findings is checked by means of multi-criteria evaluation. The analysis is based on a number of standard variables from the literature. The results show, among others, that not the amount, but the specific use of resources is what matters; and that the efficiency of an educational system could also contribute to long-term benefits in terms of adults’ skills and competences.
    Keywords: Compulsory Education; Human Capital, Efficiency Analysis; Data Envelopment Analysis; Multiple-Criteria Evaluation
    JEL: C14 C61 H52 I21
    Date: 2017–04

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