nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2011‒07‒13
ten papers chosen by
Joao Jose de Matos Ferreira
University of the Beira Interior

  1. HOW TO MANAGE TACIT AND EXPLICIT KNOWLEDGE IN SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT (SCM) PROCESS By Zahra Fallah Ebrahimi; Reza Hosseini Rad; Saeid zarezadeh; Morteza Meshkani
  2. Knowledge Sharing in Non-Knowledge Intensive Organizations: When Social Networks do not Matter? By Capellen, van der J.; Koppius, O.R.; Dittrich, K.
  3. Spatial econometrics of innovation: Recent contributions and research perspectives By Corinne Autant-Bernard
  4. Who do High-growth Firms Employ, and Who do they Hire? By Coad, Alex; Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov; Johansson, Dan; Wennberg, Karl
  5. Economic culture and knowledge economy By Teiu , Codrin-Marius
  6. Innovation, Growth and Quality of Life: a Theoretical Model and an Estimate for the Italian Regions By d'Agostino, Giorgio; Scarlato, Margherita
  7. Sources of Learning-by-Exporting Effects: Does exporting promote innovation? (Japanese) By ITO Keiko
  8. The internationalisation process of Spanish banks: a tale of two times. By Cardone Riportella, Clara; Cazorla Papis, Leonardo
  9. Size and specialization as determinant of iberian port performance: new methodology to group different ports By Caldeirinha, V. M.
  10. A dynamic perspective in Freeman’s stakeholder model By Y. FASSIN

  1. By: Zahra Fallah Ebrahimi; Reza Hosseini Rad; Saeid zarezadeh; Morteza Meshkani
    Abstract: One of the most important sources of Competitive Advantage for firms is knowledge. Knowledge management emphasizes how firms can to use more effective utilization of knowledge assets. Enabling new knowledge creation is a critical factor for competitive advantage. Knowledge creation is the most importance to a firm’s strategy
    Keywords: Competitive Advantage, tacit knowledge, explicit knowledge, Supply Chain Management
    JEL: M00
    Date: 2011–06
  2. By: Capellen, van der J.; Koppius, O.R.; Dittrich, K.
    Abstract: Considerable attention has been paid to the network determinants of knowledge sharing. However, most, if not all, of the studies investigating the determinants of knowledge sharing are either focused on knowledge-intensive organizations such as consultancy firms or R&D organizations, or knowledge workers in regular organizations, while lesser knowledge intensive organizations or non-knowledge workers are rarely explored. This is a gap in the literature on social networks and knowledge sharing. In this paper, the relations between network determinants and actor determinants of knowledge sharing are empirically tested by means of a network survey in a less knowledge intensive organization, specifically employees of a Dutch department store chain. The results show that individual-level variables such as departmental commitment and enjoyment in helping others are the major determinants of individuals’ knowledge sharing behavior, but none of the social network variables play a role. The results thus present an important boundary condition to social networks effects on knowledge sharing: social networks only seem to play a role in knowledge sharing for knowledge workers, not for blue-collar workers.
    Keywords: knowledge sharing;social networks;non-knowledge intensive organizations
    Date: 2011–05–13
  3. By: Corinne Autant-Bernard (GATE Lyon Saint-Etienne - Groupe d'analyse et de théorie économique - CNRS : UMR5824 - Université Lumière - Lyon II - École Normale Supérieure de Lyon)
    Abstract: Preliminary introduced by Anselin, Varga and Acs (1997) spatial econometric tools are widely used in economic geography of innovation. Taking into account spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity of regional innovation, this paper analyzes how these techniques have improved the ability to quantify knowledge spillovers, to measure their spatial extent, and to explore the underlying mechanisms and especially the interactions between geographical and social distance. It is also argued that the recent developments of spatio-dynamic models opens new research lines to investigate the temporal dimension of both spatial knowledge flows and innovation networks, two issues that should rank high in the research agenda of the geography of innovation.
    Keywords: Geography of innovation; spatial correlation; spatio-dynamic panels; innovation
    Date: 2011–06–30
  4. By: Coad, Alex (Science and Technology Policy Research (SPRU), Freeman Centre, University of Sussex); Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov (The Swedish Retail Institute (HUI) and Dalarna University); Johansson, Dan (The Ratio Institute); Wennberg, Karl (The Ratio Institute and Stockholm School of Economics)
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study who high- growth firms (HGFs) hire using a matched employer-employee dataset for all knowledge intensive industries in Sweden, where high growth is measured over the period 1999-2002. The results indicate that HGFs to a larger extent employ young people, immigrants, and individuals with longer unemployment periods. However, these patterns seem contingent on the stage of firm evolution. HGFs that have already realized rapid growth seem to start focusing on hiring individuals from other companies, even though immigrants are still overrepresented among new employees.
    Keywords: Gazelles; firm growth; rapid firm growth; high-impact firms
    JEL: D24 L25 L26
    Date: 2011–07–01
  5. By: Teiu , Codrin-Marius
    Abstract: Abstract This paper presents itself as a critical analysis on knowledge economy and its place in the economic culture. After framing the subject area I will continue with an inventory of ideas on the subject followed by an analysis of the various ways in which knowledge is perceived: as a production factor, as a public good, knowledge through innovation, the link between knowledge and economic growth, the link between economic growth and investing in higher education. The analysis concludes with a series of arguments for and against a knowledge based economy.
    Keywords: economical theory; knowledge economy
    JEL: D8
    Date: 2011–05–10
  6. By: d'Agostino, Giorgio; Scarlato, Margherita
    Abstract: ABSTRACT. This paper carries out an explanatory investigation into the relationship between socio-institutional conditions, quality of life indicators and economic growth in the Italian regions. Previous studies stress the importance of institutional quality, social capital and social conditions in determining disparities between richer and poorer regions. Building on this literature, we consider a three-sector model of semi-endogenous growth with negative externalities depending on structural and institutional factors that affect the innovative capacity of regional systems (the “social externalities hypothesis”). Simulations based on the scaled stationary system confirm that endogenous socio-economic conditions are crucial for the successful translation of innovation into economic growth. It is suggested that generating a development strategy designed to improve social conditions and well-being in the poorer regions may yield dividends in terms of the effectiveness of public policy and economic development.
    Keywords: Development; growth; regional disparities; well-being
    JEL: R58 O10 O30 C23 C61 R11 O40
    Date: 2011–06–28
  7. By: ITO Keiko
    Abstract: This paper examines whether first-time exporters achieve productivity improvements through learning-by-exporting effects. The results suggest that the start of exporting to North America/Europe has a strong positive effect on sales and employment growth, R&D activity, and productivity growth. On the other hand, the start of exporting to Asia does not have any strong productivity-enhancing effects, although it does tend to boost the growth rates of sales and employment and to be associated with an increase in R&D expenditure. However, even considering these variables, the positive impact from the start of exporting to North America/Europe is much larger. Further analysis shows that export starters to North America/Europe are larger, more productive, more R&D intensive, and more capital intensive than export starters to Asia even before they start exporting, suggesting that the former are potentially better performers than the latter. Moreover, export starters to North America/Europe become more innovative than export starters to Asia after the start of exporting. The results obtained here imply that potentially innovative non-exporters should be supported through an export-promotion policy.
    Date: 2011–06
  8. By: Cardone Riportella, Clara; Cazorla Papis, Leonardo
    Abstract: Attempts to shed light on strategies and international entry modes of financial services firms, providing a framework of the internationalisation process in one specific industry. This is based upon the analysis of four case studies of Spanish banks entering the Latin American markets at two different stages – before and after the 1990s – to see how internationalisation strategies of financial services have evolved over time. Shows that, in accordance with the perceived market risk and the commitment of resources involved, firms may opt to enter a foreign market in a gradual (lineal) process or in a more opportunistic (contingent) way. The foreign direct investment decision vis-à-vis the resources and risks involved in the operation has been evolving through time, industry and country of destination.
    Keywords: Banks; Financial services; Globalization; Market entry; Spain;
  9. By: Caldeirinha, V. M.
    Abstract: The Iberian ports can be characterized in different types regarding the type of specialization, bulk cargo or general cargo, and size as determinants of efficiency. Focus is made on the gaps of literature about port efficiency regarding size and specialization. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) methodology is used. Conclusion about the existence of 5 port groups recurring to size and specialization variables, with significant different characteristics and performance.
    Keywords: Port; Performance; Determinants
    JEL: M21
    Date: 2011
  10. By: Y. FASSIN
    Abstract: Stakeholder literature has acknowledged the need to complement the extant theory on stakeholder management by more dynamic perspectives. This article makes use of the recent terminology of stakewatcher and stakeseeker to illustrate the dynamic aspect of stakeholder theory transposed in the graphical representation of Freeman’s stakeholder model. Presenting a few selected case studies, it applies the scheme on the concept of value responsibility chain; it exemplifies the role of stakeseekers in various forms of activism, from shareholders, NGOs and government, in the stakeholder mobilization process. The paper clarifies how stakewatchers and stakeseekers can profoundly affect stakeholder salience, especially in crises. The transposition and integration of the dynamic aspect of stakeholder theory into the graphical representation strengthen the forceful pedagogical value of the Freeman’s stakeholder graphical model.
    Keywords: Activist, dynamism, graphical representation, NGO, Olympic Games, responsibility, stakeholder, stakeholder model, stakeholder theory, stakeseeker, stakewatcher.
    Date: 2011–06

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