nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2010‒06‒18
fourteen papers chosen by
Joao Jose de Matos Ferreira
University of the Beira Interior

  1. Knowledge diffusion and innovation policies within the European regions: Challenges based on recent empirical evidence By Corinne Autant-Bernard; Muriel Fadairo; Nadine Massard
  2. How do Clusters/Pipelines and Core/Periphery Structures Work Together in Knowledge Processes? By Pierre-Alexandre Balland; Raphael Suire; Jerome Vicente
  3. IT Innovativeness and Environmental Consciousness on Organizational Performance By Myung Ko
  4. Strategic Network Disruption and Defense By Britta Hoyer; Kris De Jaegher
  5. Strategic Behavious of Firms in a Duopoly and the Impact of Extending the Patenting Period By Jolian McHardy; Tapan Biswas
  6. Developping and testing a typology of growth strategies of entrepreneurial it service firms By Olivier Witmeur; Alain Fayolle
  7. Competition Issues in the Seed Industry and the Role of Intellectual Property By Moschini, GianCarlo
  8. El éxito de Inditex y la sombra de Hennes and Mauritz. Diferencias en la dirección estratégica. By Gallardo Ramiro, M V
  9. Product service systems as a vehicle for sustainability : exploring service operations strategies. By Colen, Pieter; Lambrecht, Marc
  10. High skills, high growth: is tourism an exception? By A.DiLiberto
  11. Formation and geography of science-industry collaborations: the case of the University of Poitiers By Marie Ferru
  12. The strategic effect of bundling: a new perspective By A. Mantovani
  13. Breaks in the Chain of Comparative Advantage By Choi, E. Kwan

  1. By: Corinne Autant-Bernard (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, UMR 5824, 93, chemin des Mouilles, Ecully, F-69130, France; Université de Saint-Etienne, Jean Monnet, F-42023 Saint Etienne, France); Muriel Fadairo (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, UMR 5824, 93, chemin des Mouilles, Ecully, F-69130, France; Université de Saint-Etienne, Jean Monnet, F-42023 Saint Etienne, France); Nadine Massard (Université de Lyon, Lyon, F-69003, France; CNRS, GATE Lyon St Etienne, UMR 5824, 93, chemin des Mouilles, Ecully, F-69130, France; Université de Saint-Etienne, Jean Monnet, F-42023 Saint Etienne, France)
    Abstract: This article builds upon empirical results concerning localised knowledge spillovers to highlight some policy implications within European regions. The analysis emphasises the role of regional innovation policies in supporting the institutions that generate knowledge and learning. However, the variety of regional features presented in the empirical literature suggests that the search for universal policy tools is unrealistic. From this perspective, we argue that original strategies must be generated to cope with the various dilemmas faced by regional innovation policies. Such specific strategies require accurate knowledge of local features. Improving data and indicators to diagnose and monitor regional innovation is therefore presented as a key issue for policy makers.
    Keywords: innovation policy, localised knowledge flows, European regions, knowledge-based economy
    JEL: O38 C12
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Pierre-Alexandre Balland; Raphael Suire; Jerome Vicente
    Abstract: This paper contributes to the empirical identification of geographical and structural properties of innovative networks, focusing on the particular case of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) at the European level. We show that knowledge bases of organizations and knowledge phases of the innovation process are the critical factors in determining the nature of the interplay between structural and geographical features of knowledge networks. Developing a database of R&D collaborative projects of the 5th and 6th European Framework Programs, we propose a methodology based on social network analysis. Its originality consists in starting from a bimodal network, in order to deduce two affiliation matrixes that allow us to study both the properties of the organization network and the properties of the project network. The results are discussed in the light of the mutual influence of the cognitive, structural and geographical dimensions on knowledge production and diffusion, and in the light of the knowledge drivers that give rise to the coexistence of a relational core-periphery structure with a geographical cluster and pipeline structure.
    Keywords: Economic Geography, Knowledge networks, Social network analysis, EU Framework Programs, GNSS
    JEL: O32 R12
    Date: 2010–06
  3. By: Myung Ko (University of Texas at San Antonio)
    Abstract: The purpose of our study is to investigate the impacts of Information Technology (IT) innovation and environmental consciousness on firm performance. We tested the robustness of innovation theory using the most recent Information Week (IW) 500 annual datasets. As expected, performance of IT innovators was better than their industry average performance. However, performance of environmentally conscious IT innovators is frequently no better than that of less conscious IT innovative firms. And, for some performance indicators, less environmentally conscious IT innovative firms out-performed more environmentally conscious IT innovative firms.
    Keywords: Information technology (IT) innovation, firm performance, organizational innovation, IT role, environmental consciousness, and environmental performance
    JEL: Q55
  4. By: Britta Hoyer; Kris De Jaegher
    Abstract: Networks are one of the essential building blocks of society. Not only do firms cooperate in R&D networks, but firms themselves may be seen as networks of information-exchanging workers. Social movements increasingly make use of networks to exchange information, just as on the negative side criminal and terrorist networks use them. However, the literature on networks has mainly focused on the cooperative side of networks and has so far neglected the competition side of networks. Networks themselves may face competition from actors with opposing interests to theirs. Several R&D networks may compete with one another. The firm as a network of employees obviously faces competition. In particular, given the importance of connectivity for networks, competing networks may try to disrupt each other, by trying to convince key players in competing networks to defect, or to stop sponsoring key links (strategic network disruption). In response, networks that face competition will adapt their structure, and will avoid vulnerable network structures. Such network competition is what our paper is concerned with.
    Keywords: Strategic Network Disruption, Strategic Network Design, Noncooperative Network Games
    JEL: C72 D85
    Date: 2010–06
  5. By: Jolian McHardy (Department of Economics, The University of Sheffield Author-Person=pmc71); Tapan Biswas
    Abstract: This paper deals with strategic behaviour of firms in a duopoly, subsequent to the claim by one firm that it has reduced the unit cost of production. A variety of possible strategic equilibria are discussed in the context of a duopoly game between a multinational and a local firm. In the context of an extended uniform period of patenting, as finally agreed in the Uruguay round (1994), firms have increased incentive to take patents. In the presence of cost differences, the act of taking process-patents has implications for the equilibrium output strategies of the duopoly firms and sometimes may have a negative overall welfare effect for the local producer and consumers.
    Keywords: Asymmetric Information, Duopoly, Process Patenting, Repeated Games
    JEL: O12 D23 D43
    Date: 2010–06
  6. By: Olivier Witmeur; Alain Fayolle
    Abstract: Starting from main concerns and gaps identified in literature on growth strategies, the research, based on Miller’s seminal work on strategic configurations, elaborates and tests a typology of strategic configurations for young entrepreneurial IT services firms. The approach is longitudinal, qualitative and exploratory by nature. The proposed configuration typology is derived from the academic and professional literature in entrepreneurship. It is then compared with multiple and triangulated data collected in four Belgian firms, according to a rigorous data collection and analysis process. A matching exercise between the typology and the cases assesses the theoretical relevance of each configurational framework in order to explain the diversity of growth strategies and the way they evolve over time. The results open new perspectives and avenues for future research, including further work on the complementarities between the configurational and process approach.
    Date: 2010–06
  7. By: Moschini, GianCarlo
    Abstract: Research and Development (R&D) and innovation are crucial features of the seed industry. To support large R&D investments by the private sector, strong intellectual property rights, such as patents, are necessary. The exclusivity granted by patents naturally creates market power positions and raises difficult and unresolved competition issues in an antitrust context. 
    JEL: L1 L4 O3 Q1
    Date: 2010–06–08
  8. By: Gallardo Ramiro, M V
    Abstract: Different strategies adopted by corporation’s management condition its market success. If a strategy were good enough, the rest of the corporations that operate on its activity segment which have similar characteristics would try to copy it. Inditex is leading the textile sector, meanwhile Hennes and Mauritz (H&M) is not getting closer enough to Inditex in order to obtain a vantage point forehead to it. This article is a comparative analysis about the policy, the strategy and the result of them.
    Keywords: Inditex; Hennes and Mauritz; Dirección Estratégica; Inversión Internacional; Información Segmentada
    JEL: M1
    Date: 2010–04–30
  9. By: Colen, Pieter; Lambrecht, Marc
    Abstract: Facing stagnating demand, high labor costs, demanding legislation and throat cutting competition, OEM’s are increasingly looking at service opportunities to boost their profitability. These manufacturers offer integrated solutions of both products and services called product service systems (PSS). Adding more extensive services, incorporates the after sale resource use in the decision making of the OEM. Because of the prolonged responsibility of the OEM, the incentives of customer and manufacturer align. Both will thrive to lower the total cost of ownership over the life time of the equipment, resulting in a service gain. Through the alignment of incentives PSSs are a market compatible vehicle to reshape the manufacturing strategy towards more sustainability. The fundamental task for success in PSSs is to create a service gain. This task mandates effective and efficient service supply chains and we formulate operational strategies that can guide manufacturer in creating a winning service supply chain. The research reported in this paper is the result of a collaboration with a large OEM and presents five strategies for successfully managing service networks. Each of the five service operations strategies is cascaded into its key operational ingredients, giving a whole set of operational practices to turn service into a real profit generating machine.
    Keywords: Product service system; Incentives; Operations management; Service operations strategies;
    Date: 2010
  10. By: A.DiLiberto
    Abstract: Despite the emphasis placed by growth models on technological progress, recent empirical evidence shows that tourism, a low-skill/low-tech sector and one of the fastest growing industries in the world, may offer a beneficial specialization strategy for growth. This paper focuses on a balanced panel of 72 countries (1980-2005) and confirms that the tourism sector indicator is always positive and significant in growth regressions. Moreover, results also imply that increased education contribute to growth and that the role of the tourism sector is significantly larger in countries with higher aggregate levels of human capital. Our main results are robust to the inclusion of additional variables and the use of alternative estimators in the regression analysis. Overall, this study confirms that the expansion of a low-tech sector such as tourism may be a valuable strategy for development. But it also suggests that an increase in human capital endowments is always beneficial, even when the development strategy focuses on the expansion of a (successful) unskilled sector.
    Keywords: Economic development; Tourism; Human capital
    JEL: I21 O15
    Date: 2010
  11. By: Marie Ferru (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers)
    Abstract: This paper tries to elicit elements which explain the geography of science-industry collaborations by focusing on their construction process which is rarely studied regarding the existing literature. Constraints linked to the search of resources, on the one hand, and constraints linked to the logics of contact, on the other, weigh on actors when choosing their partner and could influence the geography of collaborations. An empirical study on collaborations established between Poitiers University's laboratories and firms confirms this hypothesis. Cognitive constraints lead to the spatial dissemination of collaborations. An econometric model shed light on the impact of logics of contact and shows that whereas most of these logics enable the construction of local and non local partnerships, non professional ties favor significantly local ones.
    Keywords: Collaborations; geography; social networks; institutions; resources
    Date: 2010–10–04
  12. By: A. Mantovani
    Abstract: This paper investigates the strategic effect of bundling when a multi-product firm producing two complements faces competition in both markets. I consider a demand structure where both Cournot and Bertrand competition can be evaluated. Bundling is completely ineffective when firms compete in quantities. On the contrary, under Bertrand competition, selling the two goods in a package is profitable when the goods produced by the rivals are perceived as close substitutes to those produced by the multi-product firm. Bundling drives prices up, and not only consumer surplus, but also social welfare shrinks, thus calling for the intervention of the antitrust agency.
    JEL: D43 L13 L41
    Date: 2010–05
  13. By: Choi, E. Kwan
    Keywords: chain; comparative advantage
    Date: 2010–04–05
  14. By: Marie Ferru (CRIEF - Centre de Recherche sur l'Intégration Economique et Financière - Université de Poitiers)
    Abstract: This paper attempts to elicit new explanations of the geography of collaborations by insisting on determinants generally neglected. We consider that the geography of collaborations are structured by constraints linked to the linkage of partners. The reconstruction of more than 200 histories of collaborations and an econometric treatment of these qualitative information reveal the structuring role of the modalities of linkage and differences in the geography of collaborations between science-industry vs. inter-company partnerships. Actors turn to their previous collaborations to construct their partnerships, leading to the strengthening of the existing geography of collaborations. To find a partner, they initially use mediation mechanisms or social networks. The first one favors extra-regional collaborations whereas the latter does not necessarily lead to local partnerships, depending on the precise form of social ties.
    Keywords: Socio-economic proximity, past collaborations, mediation mechanisms, social networks.
    Date: 2009–07–04

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