nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2009‒10‒03
six papers chosen by
Joao Jose de Matos Ferreira
University of the Beira Interior

  1. Innovation and Knowledge Links in Metropolitan Regions - The Case of Vienna By Franz Tödtling; Michaela Trippl
  2. Can Second-Generation Endogenous Growth Models Explain The Productivity Trends and Knowledge Production In the Asian Miracle Economies? By Ang, James; Madsen, Jakob
  3. Evolutionary economic geography and its implications for regional innovation policy By Ron Boschma
  4. Ambitious entrepreneurship, high-growth firms and macroeconomic growth By André van Stel; Roy Thurik; Erik Stam; Chantal Hartog
  5. Mapping the Evolution of "Clusters": A Meta-analysis By Mario A. Maggioni; T. Erika Uberti; Francesca Gambarotto
  6. Crisis and protection in the automotive industry : a global value chain perspective By Sturgeon, Timothy J.; Van Biesebroeck, Johannes

  1. By: Franz Tödtling; Michaela Trippl
    Date: 2009
  2. By: Ang, James; Madsen, Jakob
    Abstract: Using data for six Asian miracle economies over the period from 1953 to 2006, this paper examines the extent to which growth has been driven by R&D and tests which second-generation endogenous growth model is most consistent with the data. The results give strong support to Schumpeterian growth theory but only limited support to semi-endogenous growth theory. Furthermore, it is shown that R&D has played a key role for growth in the Asian miracle economies.
    Keywords: Schumpeterian growth; semi-endogenous growth; Asian growth miracle
    JEL: O30 O40
    Date: 2009
  3. By: Ron Boschma
    Abstract: Related variety is important to regional growth because it induces knowledge transfer between complementary sectors at the regional level. This is accomplished through three mechanisms: spinoff dynamics, labor mobility and network formation. They transfer knowledge across related sectors, which contributes to industrial renewal and economic branching in regions. Since these mechanisms of knowledge transfer are basically taking place at the regional level, and because they make regions move into new growth paths while building on their existing assets, regional innovation policy should encourage spinoff activity, labor mobility and network formation. Doing so, policy builds on region-specific assets that provides opportunities but also sets limits to what can be achieved by policy. Public intervention should neither apply Ôone-size-fits-allÕ approaches nor adopt Ôpicking-the- winnerÕ strategies, but should aim to connect complementary sectors and exploit related variety as a source of regional diversification.
    Keywords: related variety, evolutionary economic geography, regional innovation systems, regional growth
    JEL: R0 R1 R12
    Date: 2009–09
  4. By: André van Stel; Roy Thurik; Erik Stam; Chantal Hartog
    Abstract: We estimate the impact of ambitious entrepreneurship (entrepreneurs expecting to grow their firm) and high-growth firms (firms that have actually realized high growth rates) on subsequent macroeconomic growth for a sample of countries participating in the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor between 2002-2005. We find that ambitious entrepreneurship has a positive impact on macroeconomic growth. This effect is stronger than that of entrepreneurship in general. Surprisingly, this effect of ambitious entrepreneurship is stronger in low-income countries than in high-income countries. Established high-growth firms do not seem to drive macroeconomic growth.  
    Date: 2009–09–25
  5. By: Mario A. Maggioni (Catholic University); T. Erika Uberti (Catholic University); Francesca Gambarotto (University of Padova)
    Abstract: This paper presents a meta-analysis of the “cluster literature” contained in scientific journals from 1969 to 2007. Thanks to an original database we study the evolution of a stream of literature which focuses on a research object which is both a theoretical puzzle and an empirical widespread evidence. We identify different growth stages, from take-off to development and maturity. We test the existence of a life-cycle within the authorships and we discover the existence of a substitutability relation between different collaborative behaviours. We study the relationships between a “spatial” and an “industrial” approach within the textual corpus of cluster literature and we show the existence of a “predatory” interaction. We detect the relevance of clustering behaviours in the location of authors working on clusters and in measuring the influence of geographical distance in co-authorship. We measure the extent of a convergence process of the vocabulary of scientists working on clusters.
    Keywords: Cluster, Life-Cycle, Cluster Literature, Textual Analysis, Agglomeration, Co-Authorship
    JEL: O18 R12 Z13 B41
    Date: 2009–09
  6. By: Sturgeon, Timothy J.; Van Biesebroeck, Johannes
    Abstract: In this paper the authors apply global value chain (GVC) analysis to recent trends in the global automotive industry, with special attention paid to government interventions triggered by the recent economic crisis. The authors first highlight some of the defining characteristics of GVCs in this important industry, especially the unusually strong regional structure of production and sales. National political institutions create pressure for local content, which drives production close to end markets, where it tends to be organized nationally or regionally. They then examine policy reactions to the recent economic crisis, and provide some discussion of the government interventions in the industry. The authors end with a number of policy conclusions that highlight the likely impact of the interventions on the evolution GVCs and the growth of the industry in developing countries.
    Keywords: Markets and Market Access,Economic Theory&Research,Labor Policies,Water and Industry,Debt Markets
    Date: 2009–09–01

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