nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2008‒05‒31
nine papers chosen by
Joao Jose de Matos Ferreira
University of the Beira Interior

  2. Past Experience, Cognitive Frames, and Entrepreneurship: Some Econometric Evidence from the Indian Pharmaceutical Industry By S. Bhaduri; H. Worch
  3. Coordination of Supply Chain Networks and the Emergence of Mini-maestros By Arroyo-López, Pilar Ester; Bitran, Gabriel R.
  4. The impact of network structure on knowledge transfer: An application of social network analysis in the context of regional innovation networks By Michael Fritsch; Martina Kauffeld-Monz
  5. Cooperative Strategies for Improving the Tourism Industry in Remote Geographic Regions: An Addition to Trust and Commitment Theory with one Key Mediating Construct By Pesämaa, Ossi; Hair Jr, Joseph F
  6. Competition and the Organisation of the Clearing and Settlement Industry By Patrick Van Cayseele
  7. Growth Processes of Italian Manufacturing Firms By Alex Coad; Rekha Rao
  8. NGA, IP-Interconnection and their Impact on Business Models and Competition By Reichl, Wolfgang; Ruhle, Ernst-Olav
  9. Estrategias de internacionalización productiva de la producción y los distritos del Véneto By Giuseppe Tattara; Giovanna De Giusti; Florentina Constantin

  1. By: Post, Colleen; Meyskens, Moriah
    Abstract: This study identifies trends and patterns of social entrepreneurs using quantitative methods in order to allow direct comparison to those of commercial entrepreneurs. It utilizes the online profiles of the Fellows in the global social venture network, Ashoka, in order to build a database of 70 social entrepreneurs. The resource-based view serves as the theoretical base by which the preliminary results are evaluated. The findings, which indicate that social entrepreneurs demonstrate similar patterns to commercial entrepreneurs, are assessed through a knowledge management lens of analyses. Statistically significant relationships were found between alliances, funding sources, innovation, and ease of replication.
    Keywords: social entrepreneurship; strategy; knowledge management
    JEL: M13
    Date: 2008–05–27
  2. By: S. Bhaduri; H. Worch
    Abstract: The theoretical literature identifies three important entrepreneurial dimensions, namely discovering new opportunities, responsiveness to uncertainty, and coordination of a firm. In the empirical literature, past experience has been identified as having an important influence on organizational behavior. This literature, however, focuses predominantly on the impact of experience on new opportunities using a resource-based view and human capital perspective. In contrast, we draw upon the cognitive science literature to argue that past experience shapes an entrepreneur’s cognitive frame, and, hence, influences entrepreneurship in a more holistic manner. We provide econometric evidence of the impact of past experience on all three entrepreneurial dimensions from the small scale Indian pharmaceutical enterprises.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Past experience, Cognition, Informatione and knowledge, India pharmaceutical industry Length 42 pages
    JEL: D83 L26 M10
    Date: 2008–05
  3. By: Arroyo-López, Pilar Ester; Bitran, Gabriel R.
    Abstract: Abstract Companies recognize international sourcing as a business practice useful to reduce product prices, deal with supply shortages and identify new competitive suppliers. Effective international sourcing implies the integration and coordination of materials, processes, information flows and multiple producers at each buying location. Many companies do not have the capabilities or the willingness to develop and manage such sourcing networks; therefore, other entities have assumed these responsibilities. These coordinators are in charge of the integration of many suppliers to develop full-package production, serve as liaisons between suppliers€٠ capabilities and market demands, and provide the technical and financial support to sustain the sourcing network. The review of the industrial clustering and global supply chain literature allowed the identification of such coordinators in Mexico. The emergence and profile of these coordinators is associated with corporate strategies of multinational firms, the efforts of industrial groups, and the governmental policies for the development of dynamic industrial regions. This paper analyzes the characteristics of four coordination models identified in the Mexican context, focusing on their contribution to the participation and upgrading of national suppliers. The profile of the coordinator firm, the type of relations that this firm sustains with producers and the support offered to suppliers is also discussed. A particular emphasis is given to the fourth model where a third party, a knowledge and service company, assumes the coordinator role. The interest on this model is due to its novelty, the flexibility of the sourcing network, and the potential impact on regional development that could result from the intervention of a neutral third party as coordinator of the activities of multiple local and specialized suppliers.
    Keywords: Supply chain coordination, industrial clustering, global supply chain, supplier upgrading, advanced logistics services,
    Date: 2008–01–11
  4. By: Michael Fritsch (Friedrich Schiller University Jena, German Institute for Economic Research (DIW-Berlin), and Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany); Martina Kauffeld-Monz (Institute for Urban Science and Structural Policy (IfS Berlin), Germany)
    Abstract: We analyze information and knowledge transfer in a sample of 16 German regional innovation networks with almost 300 firms and research organizations involved. The results indicate that strong ties are more beneficial for the exchange of knowledge and information than weak ties. Moreover, our results suggest that broker positions tend to be associated with social returns rather than with private benefits.
    Keywords: Regional innovation networks, R+D-collaboration, knowledge exchange, social network analysis, strong ties, knowledge brokers
    JEL: D83 D85 L14 O32
    Date: 2008–05–06
  5. By: Pesämaa, Ossi; Hair Jr, Joseph F
    Abstract: The success of cooperative relationships is influenced by interorganizational commitment, which is a long-run goal of networks. Our research examined cooperative relationships in the tourism industry to better understand what makes them successful. The study is an extension of previous empirical research on commitment. The overall research questions were: ‘‘What factors lead to interorganizational commitment in remote tourismdestinations?’’ and ‘‘What are the relationships between the factors?’’ A literature search was conducted to identify factors related to organizational commitment. Search findings suggested a model proposing that interpersonal commitment mediates the effect of trust and reciprocity on interorganizational commitment. Data for the model was collected from a sample of tourism firms in successful cooperative networks. The theoretical model was purified based on convergent, nomological and discriminant validity as well as construct reliability. Our findings demonstrated that the relationship between trust and interorganizational commitment is in fact mediated by interpersonal commitment. We confirmed that reciprocity is directly related to interorganizational commitment, and is not mediated by interpersonal commitment. Thus, tourism firms should develop cooperative strategies in their networks by focusing on enhancing interpersonal commitment through trust, thereby ultimately helping to strengthen interorganizational commitment.
    Keywords: Interpersonal commitment; interorganizational commitment; trust; reciprocity; tourism; experience stratos
    JEL: C12 M12 C21
    Date: 2008
  6. By: Patrick Van Cayseele
    Date: 2008–03
  7. By: Alex Coad (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena, Germany); Rekha Rao (Tanaka Business School, Imperial College London)
    Abstract: We apply a reduced-form vector autoregression model to analyze the growth processes of Italian manufacturing firms, 1989-1997. We focus in particular on lead-lag associations describing the coevolution of employment growth, sales growth, growth of profits and labour productivity growth. Employment growth precedes sales growth and growth of profits, and in turn sales growth is also associated with subsequent profits growth. There appears to be little feedback of either sales or profits on employment growth, however. There is no clear association of employment growth with subsequent changes in labour productivity, although at the second lag there is a small negative association. Productivity growth, however, is positively associated with subsequent growth of employment and sales. Quantile autoregressions find asymmetries between growth processes for growing and shrinking firms.
    Keywords: Firm Growth, Panel VAR, Employment Growth, Industrial Dynamics, Productivity Growth
    JEL: L25 L20
    Date: 2008–05–06
  8. By: Reichl, Wolfgang; Ruhle, Ernst-Olav
    Abstract: Developments towards Next Generation Networks (NGN) have a strong impact on the design of the markets for electronic communications in general, but specifically on intercarrier relations with respect to interconnection and access. Due to the fact that competition in the European telecommunications environment has brought about alternative providers and their business models it is an interesting area to investigate how these business models will develop in an NGN environment and which (additional) business models may emerge in the future. To that end, the current paper looks at the development of different business models in the PSTN world and likely developments in the NGN world. This leads to conclusions with respect to requirements of the future regulatory framework of next generation networks in order to maintain the achievements of competition in the telecommunications area.
    Keywords: NGN; business models; migration; competition; regulatory framework.
    JEL: L50
    Date: 2008–03
  9. By: Giuseppe Tattara (Department of Economics, University Of Venice Cà Foscari); Giovanna De Giusti (Reading, dottorato in scienze sociali); Florentina Constantin (Varsavia,dottorato in scienze sociali)
    Abstract: Los procesos de deslocalización al extranjero de partes del proceso productivo en la industria del calzado están motivados por la búsqueda de la reducción del coste del trabajo. Las empresas del mueble se han internacionalizado para realizar un control sobre la adquisición de su materia prima, la madera. Las empresas de la refrigeración, en su avance hacia el Este, miran al mercado rumano por su potencialidad de venta, y desde éste a otros mercados. El presente trabajo retoma una serie de investigaciones basadas en el análisis de una treintena de empresas, teniendo por objeto analizar el grado de interacción entre las empresas italianas y las rumanas a lo largo de la cadena de producción, así como valorar los principales cambios sucedidos en la gestión de las cadenas globales del valor. Se dará cuenta de las discusiones acerca de los cambios en la organización de los procesos productivos y la gestión de las relaciones entre las empresas en las diversas fases de la cadena de producción. Por fin, sobre la base de estas experiancias se criticará a la teoria de las cadenas del valor propuesta por Gereffi, Humphrey y Sturgeon.
    Keywords: production organization, global value chains, fragmentation, internationalization, footwear, furniture, refrigeration industry Italy
    Date: 2007

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