nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2007‒07‒20
five papers chosen by
Joao Jose de Matos Ferreira
University of the Beira Interior

  1. Knowledge Spillovers and Entrepreneurs? Export Orientation By Clercq, D. de; Hessels, S.J.A.; Stel, A.J. van
  2. Stimulating Strategically Aligned Behaviour Among Employees By Riel, C.B.M. van; Berens, G.; Dijkstra, M.
  3. Towards an integrated approach to industry dynamics and labour mobility By Mamede, Ricardo
  4. Market Orientation and Gender Wage Gaps: An International Study By Weichselbaumer, Doris; Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf; Zweimüller, Martina
  5. The impact of the Arab Customs Union on small and medium industries in the Arab countries By Alasrag, Hussien

  1. By: Clercq, D. de; Hessels, S.J.A.; Stel, A.J. van (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: We draw on knowledge spillover literature to suggest that a country?s level of foreign direct investment (FDI) and international trade may influence the export orientation of its entrepreneurs, which in turn may relate to the country?s total level of entrepreneurial activity. Macro-level data from 34 countries during 2002?2005 indicate that a country?s outward FDI, export, and import positively affect entrepreneurs? export orientation, but these effects differ in how fast they manifest themselves. Furthermore, the extent to which a country?s entrepreneurs engage in export-oriented activities affects the subsequent emergence of new businesses. These findings have important implications for research and practice.
    Keywords: Knowledge spillovers;Export orientation;Country-level entrepreneurship;
    Date: 2007–06–08
  2. By: Riel, C.B.M. van; Berens, G.; Dijkstra, M. (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: In recent years it has become increasingly important for companies to ensure strategically aligned behaviour, i.e., employee actions that are consistent with the company?s strategy. This study provides insights into the way companies can stimulate such behaviour through motivating and informing their employees, and by providing them with the necessary capabilities. The results of surveys conducted in three organisations suggest that motivating, informing, and providing the necessary capabilities are essential conditions for strategically aligned behaviour to occur; however, this only holds when a company has not sufficiently engaged in one or more of these practices in the past. For example, in the case that employees have already been sufficiently informed about the company?s strategy, it would be of greater benefit to then reduce efforts to inform them and increase efforts to motivate and develop capabilities.
    Keywords: Capability development;Employee behaviour;Information;Motivation;Strategic alignment;
    Date: 2007–05–10
  3. By: Mamede, Ricardo
    Abstract: Industrial dynamics and labour mobility are two fields of economic research that have developed fast in recent years, but along what are essentially separate lines. This paper shows that the processes those two fields deal with can be highly interdependent, and demonstrates the usefulness of (and the opportunity for) an integrated approach to the dynamics of industries and labour mobility. It concludes with a list of questions that inform a research agenda dedicated to such approach.
    JEL: L25 J63
    Date: 2006
  4. By: Weichselbaumer, Doris; Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf; Zweimüller, Martina
    Abstract: Two very different approaches are used to explore the relation between market orientation and gender wage differentials in international data. More market orientation might be related to gender wage gaps via its effects on competition in product and labour markets and the general absence of regulation in the economy. The first approach employs meta-analysis data and takes advantage of the fact that many studies already exist which use national data sources to the best possible extent. The second approach uses comparable micro data from the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP), which allows calculating internationally consistent gender wage residuals in the first place. By comparing these two very different methods of data collection we get a robust result relating higher levels of market orientation as proxied by the Economic Freedom Index with lower gender wage gaps.
    Keywords: competition; Gender wage gap; market orientation
    JEL: J16 J31 J71
    Date: 2007–07
  5. By: Alasrag, Hussien
    Abstract: The small and medium industries played a key role in providing employment opportunities, in addition to its significant share in total value added and they provide goods and services at affordable prices for a substantial segment of the low-income, which is seen as a useful tool to guide the small savings to invest, as they are able to strengthen the innovation and experimentation that are basic structural change through the emergence of a group of business leaders who are qualified, ambition and activity, and is also able to play a more positive role in the development of exports in helping to develop new products, and at certain levels of productivity can work again behave like nutritious large industrial industries (as is the case in Japan), this is the provision of foreign exchange spent on the import of intermediate goods and capital. It is also considered an important barometer of the nature of the market vitality and movement. And the Arab Customs Union is an advanced stage and later after the free trade area already among 17 Arab countries in 2005, and earlier stage is to create a strategy to reach a common Arab market in the year 2020. There is no doubt that speeding up the customs union Arab need for fair competition between the Arab products, but because of the way it was done establish a free trade area and updating raise tariffs from the beginning of January 2005 without taking preventive action during transitional periods, taking into account the insurance of small and medium industries in many Arab States against the risks stages of the shift towards integration, in addition to the direct impact of the expansion on the market, it is expected to be the overthrow of a number of these industries and removed from the productive activity. The research aims to study the impact of the Arab Customs Union on small and medium industries in the Arab countries.
    Keywords: The small and medium industries; the Arab Customs Union; the Arab countries.
    JEL: F0 F13 F15
    Date: 2007–01

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