nep-cse New Economics Papers
on Economics of Strategic Management
Issue of 2006‒01‒01
six papers chosen by
Bernardo Batiz-Lazo
Bristol Business School

  1. Internationalization and Performance: The Moderating Role of Strategic Fit By Fortanier, F.; Muller, A.R.; Tulder, R.J.M. van
  2. Exploring Patterns of Upstream Internationalization: The Role of Home-region ?Stickiness? By Muller, A.R.; Tulder, R.J.M. van
  3. Explaining Female and Male Entrepreneurship at the Country Level By Verheul, I.; Stel, A.J. van; Thurik, A.R.
  4. The culture of market oriented organisations By Kasper,Hans
  5. Strategic Aspects of Hegemony By Robert E. Goodin; Werner Güth; Duncan Snidal
  6. Agglomeration economies and entrepreneurship: testing for spatial externalities in the Dutch ICT industry By Frank G. van Oort; Erik Stam

  1. By: Fortanier, F.; Muller, A.R.; Tulder, R.J.M. van (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: This paper explores the hitherto underemphasized role of strategic fit between organizational structure and integration-responsiveness pressures as moderator in the internationalization-performance relationship. We suggest a new way of measuring organizational structure (and consequently strategic fit) based on archival data rather than questionnaires, and include these in our regression analysis on a sample of 332 Fortune companies.
    Keywords: Strategic Fit;Performance;Internationalization;Internationalization-Performance Relationship;
    Date: 2005–12–19
  2. By: Muller, A.R.; Tulder, R.J.M. van (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: Recent work has emphasized the importance of regional strategies downstream, adding new depth to the debate on ?globalization?. This paper adds to the debate by exploring the regional dimension upstream for a sample of Triad-based Fortune 500 firms. We find support for our hypothesis that MNEs with higher levels of value-added upstream are relatively constrained in their ability to shift that activity outside the home region due to its strategic significance to home-region stakeholders.
    Keywords: Internationalization;Home-region Stickiness;Region-based Strategies;Upstream Activities;MNEs;
    Date: 2005–12–19
  3. By: Verheul, I.; Stel, A.J. van; Thurik, A.R. (Erasmus Research Institute of Management (ERIM), RSM Erasmus University)
    Abstract: Using Global Entrepreneurship Monitor data for 29 countries this study investigates the (differential) impact of several factors on female and male entrepreneurship at the country level. These factors are derived from three streams of literature, including that on entrepreneurship in general, on female labor force participation and on female entrepreneurship. The paper deals with the methodological aspects of investigating (female) entrepreneurship by distinguishing between two measures of female entrepreneurship: the number of female entrepreneurs and the share of women in the total number of entrepreneurs. The first measure is used to investigate whether variables have an impact on entrepreneurship in general (influencing both the number of female and male entrepreneurs). The second measure is used to investigate whether factors have a differential relative impact on female and male entrepreneurship, i.e., whether they influence the diversity or gender composition of entrepreneurship. Findings indicate that ? by and large ? female and male entrepreneurial activity rates are influenced by the same factors and in the same direction. However, for some factors (e.g., unemployment, life satisfaction) we find a differential impact on female and male entrepreneurship. The present study also shows that the factors influencing the number of female entrepreneurs may be different from those influencing the share of female entrepreneurs. In this light it is important that governments are aware of what they want to accomplish (i.e., do they want to stimulate the number of female entrepreneurs or the gender composition of entrepreneurship) to be able to select appropriate policy measures.
    Keywords: Entrepreneurship;Gender;Determinants of Entrepreneurship;
    Date: 2005–12–19
  4. By: Kasper,Hans (METEOR)
    Abstract: This paper investigates the relationship between corporate culture and market orientation using a different methodology to those usually found done in empirical studies on this topic. Conventionally, one or two key informants provide information on the firm’s marketing practices in large scale quantitative cross-sectional studies; these few respondents provide their opinion on the firm’s actual marketing practices which are then considered as a reliable representation of both the (whole) firm’s culture and its market orientation. We have taken a different approach. Firstly, we chose to do multiple case studies in stead of cross sectional research. These case studies were small scale and qualitative; next a large(r) scale quantitative study was done within those organisations. Secondly, all employees in an organisation were invited to participate in the study: only then is it possible to measure culture as the shared beliefs in the company. Corporate culture itself as well as the marketing practices have been investigated as two separate constructs in our case studies. Both are measured via employee perceptions. Thirdly, we are looking at the possible configuration of market orientation and corporate culture. Almost all of the propositions generated are supported. The degree of openness appeared to be crucial to an organisation’s market orientation. Moreover, such a culture is also resultsoriented, employee-oriented and professional. It also has a balanced position on the two other dimensions: pragmatic/normative and loose/tight control. From the marketing perspective, the essential building blocks of a market oriented culture include: the internal cooperation, internal communication, drive to be the best, lack of pursuing self interest, learning from mistakes and from experiences in the market place, clarity about customer needs and better relative quality than competitors’. Because market orientation and corporate culture were measured as two distinct constructs, this study offers new insights in both domains as to what organisations should change to be(come) market oriented.
    Keywords: Strategy;
    Date: 2005
  5. By: Robert E. Goodin; Werner Güth; Duncan Snidal
    Abstract: Hegemony is a central feature of contemporary international politics but it remains seriously under-theorized. We draw on cooperative game theory to represent and analyze different aspects of hegemony. After developing a general conception of hegemony, we analyze the circumstances under which a Hegemon needs assistance from allies, examine when prospective allies have incentives to cooperate with or challenge Hegemon and evaluate the prospects for exploitation by Hegemon. Throughout, we connect the analytic analysis to the existing theories of international hegemony and illustrate the models with real world examples.
    Date: 2005–10
  6. By: Frank G. van Oort; Erik Stam
    Abstract: Although there is growing evidence on the role of agglomeration economies in the formation and growth of firms, both the concepts of agglomeration economies and entrepreneurship tend to be ambiguously defined and measured in the literature. In this study, we aim to improve the conceptualisations and measures of agglomeration economies and entrepreneurship. Indicators of agglomeration economies are analysed in clearly defined urban regimes on three spatial scales in the Netherlands – national zoning, labour market connectedness, and urban size. This is done in order to uncover their effect on two entrepreneurial phases in the firm life cycle - new firm formation and the growth of incumbent firms in the relatively new ICT industry in the Netherlands. In comparison with new firm formation, the growth of incumbent firms is not so much related to spatial clustering of the ICT industry and other localized sources of knowledge economies associated with urban density. Instead, knowledge as an input for growth of incumbent firms is associated with more endogenous (firm internal) learning aspects, reflected by a significant correlate with R&D-investments. Also the effect of local ICT firm competition differs between the two types of firms: a positive effect on new firm formation, but a negative effect on incumbent firm growth. In general, agglomeration economies have stronger effects on the formation of ICT firms than on the growth of ICT firms.
    Keywords: agglomeration economics, spatial externalities, entrepreneurship, location, urban regimes, ICT industry
    JEL: D21 L25 L63 L86 M13 O18 R12 R30
    Date: 2005–03

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