nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2019‒01‒21
ten papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. Gender-Targeted Job Ads in the Recruitment Process: Evidence from China By Kuhn, Peter J.; Shen, Kailing; Zhang, Shuo
  2. China’s High Savings: Drivers, Prospects, and Policies By Longmei Zhang; Ray Brooks; Ding Ding; Haiyan Ding; Jing Lu; Rui Mano
  3. The logical evolution of internet governance policy in China from 1994-2017: A computational textual analysis approach By Wu, Jun
  4. Migrants and Firms : Evidence from China By Imbert, Clement; Seror, Marlon; Zhang, Yifan; Zylberberg, Yanos
  5. What drives old age work in China? By Henry, Carla.; Fraga, Federico.; Yu, Tang.
  6. Financial Networks and Systemic Risk in China’s Banking System By Sun, Lixin
  7. The Belt and Road turns five By Michael Baltensperger; Uri Dadush
  8. Does the adoption of Information and Communication Technologies improve the subjective well-being of citizens? A micro-level and city-level empirical investigation By Feng, Xiaodong; Jayakar, Krishna; Zhang, Huiping; Tang, Zhiwei
  9. Optimal Regulation of P2P Lending for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises By Nemoto, Naoko; Huang, Bihong; Storey, David
  10. Modern Chinese Banking Networks during the Republican Era By Lingyu Kong; Florian Ploeckl

  1. By: Kuhn, Peter J. (University of California, Santa Barbara); Shen, Kailing (Australian National University); Zhang, Shuo (University of California, Santa Barbara)
    Abstract: We document how explicit employer requests for applicants of a particular gender enter the recruitment process on a Chinese job board. We find that 95 percent of callbacks to gendered jobs are of the requested gender; worker self-selection ("compliance" with employers' requests) and employer callback decisions from applicant pools ("enforcement") both contribute to this association, with compliance playing the larger role. Explicit gender requests account for over half of the gender segregation and gender wage gap observed on the board. Ad-level regressions with job title and firm fixed effects suggest that employers' explicit gender requests have causal effects on the gender mix of applications received, especially when the employer's likely gender preference is hard to infer from other contents of the ad. Application-level regressions with job title and worker fixed effects show that both men and women experience a callback penalty when applying to a gender-mismatched job; this penalty is significantly greater for women (44 percent) than men (26 percent).
    Keywords: gender, discrimination, China, internet search, recruiting, screening
    JEL: J16 J63 J71
    Date: 2018–12
  2. By: Longmei Zhang; Ray Brooks; Ding Ding; Haiyan Ding; Jing Lu; Rui Mano
    Abstract: China’s high national savings rate—one of the highest in the world—is at the heart of its external/internal imbalances. High savings finance elevated investment when held domestically, or lead to large external imbalances when they flow abroad. Today, high savings mostly emanate from the household sector, resulting from demographic changes induced by the one-child policy and the transformation of the social safety net and job security that occured during the transition from planned to market economy. Housing reform and rising income inequality also contribute to higher savings. Moving forward, demographic changes will put downward pressure on savings. Policy efforts in strengthening the social safety net and reducing income inequality are also needed to reduce savings further and boost consumption.
    Keywords: Asia and Pacific;China, People's Republic of;China; Savings; Demographic Changes; Social Safety Net; Inequality; Housing; Projections, China, Savings, Demographic Changes, Social Safety Net, Inequality; Housing, Projections, , General, Demographic Trends and Forecasts, Social Security and Public Pensions
    Date: 2018–12–11
  3. By: Wu, Jun
    Abstract: As China government gives full play to the role of digital technology in driving and leading the development of economy and society, policy issues on China internet governance have gained wide attractions from academics and practitioners. Grounded on a unique textual dataset collected from China official law and regulation database with over 300 central and local government laws and regulations on internet governance released during the period of 1994 and 2017,this study investigates the evolutional characteristics of the policy central topics, policy subjective and policy orientation in the timeframe of 1994 to 2017.This paper contributes to the existing knowledge accumulation not only in its uncovering of the evolutional logic hidden in the large swaths of policy text but also by introducing a computational text analysis approach to facilitate the text oriented policy evaluation.
    Keywords: Internet governance;regulation policy;China,Topic modeling
    Date: 2018
  4. By: Imbert, Clement (University of Warwick and JPAL); Seror, Marlon (University of Bristol); Zhang, Yifan (Chinese University of Hong Kong); Zylberberg, Yanos (University of Bristol and CESifo)
    Abstract: This paper estimates the causal effect of rural-urban migration on urban production in China. We use longitudinal data on manufacturing firms between 2001 and 2006 and exploit exogenous variation in rural-urban migration due to agricultural price shocks. Following a migrant inflow, labor costs decline and employment expands. Labor productivity decreases sharply and remains low in the medium run. A quantitative framework suggests that destinations become too labor-abundant and migration mostly benefits lowproductivity firms within locations. As migrants select into high-productivity destinations, migration however strongly contributes to the equalization of factor productivity across locations
    JEL: D24 J23 J61 O15
    Date: 2018
  5. By: Henry, Carla.; Fraga, Federico.; Yu, Tang.
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to contribute to an understanding of the decisions of the near old and older Chinese to work, and how work characteristics vary across genders, localities, and within overall income and security situations as ageing advances.
    Keywords: 1, 2, 3
    Date: 2018
  6. By: Sun, Lixin
    Abstract: In this paper, using two alternative methods, we investigate the contagion effects and systemic risk in China’s commercial banks system based on the balance sheet data and the estimation on interbank exposures. First, we calculate various indicators in terms of the balance sheets of individual commercial banks to quantify contagiousness and vulnerability for China’s banking system without considering the detailed topology of interbank networks. Second, we estimate the detailed bilateral exposures matrix of the interbank network to examine the domino effects and snowball effects of financial contagion. The simulation results from two alternative approaches are consistent. Both suggest that the contagious risk arising from an assumed bank failure is trivial in Chinese banking system, whereas the amplification effects of the losses due to the financial interlinkage are non-trivial. In particular, we identify the systemic important banks in terms of a relative contagion index and the measures capturing the topological features of the interbank networks, respectively. Our study provides insights for the prevention of systemic risk and the implementation of macroprudential oversights in China’s banking system.
    Keywords: Balance Sheets; Interbank Networks; Financial Contagion; Systemic Risk; China’s Banking System
    JEL: D85 G21 G28
    Date: 2018–01–06
  7. By: Michael Baltensperger; Uri Dadush
    Abstract: China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an international trade and development strategy. Launched in 2013, it is one of the ways China asserts its role in world affairs and captures the opportunities of globalisation. The BRI has the potential to enhance development prospects across the world and in China, but that potential might not be realised because the BRI’s objectives are too broad and ill-defined, and its execution is too often non-transparent, lacking in due diligence and uncoordinated. This Policy Contribution recounts the background of the BRI and its context, what is known about the extent of the initiative and the intentions behind it. The initiative could address very large infrastructure investments gaps, which is welcome and needed. China’s goal of forging stronger links with its trading partners around the world is legitimate assuming, of course, the underlying intent remains peaceful. Though many observers welcome the BRI, many others oppose it for good reasons, while others misunderstand it and oppose it for bad reasons. We identify and discuss concerns about the initiative that relate to its geopolitical objectives, its priorities, its geographic scope, the role of state-owned enterprises, the allocation of resources and issues of transparency and of due diligence. In particular, we show that this initiative deals with a vast number of countries that are at very different states of development, and that an apparent lack of well-defined priorities holds the initiative back. We also highlight the issue of debt overload which is distressing several BRI countries and discourages further projects. There are improvements that China and other stakeholders in the BRI could make to get the most from their investments. The BRI, to be effective, needs to meet the basic conditions of a trade and development strategy, which are clear objectives, adequate resources, selectivity, a workable implementation plan, due diligence and clear communication. Involvement of multilateral lenders could help with this. Finally, China must improve the evaluation of the risks and costs of BRI projects and step up its approach to due diligence to demonstrate that it respects the long-term interests of those countries that are at the receiving end of its BRI projects.
    Date: 2019–01
  8. By: Feng, Xiaodong; Jayakar, Krishna; Zhang, Huiping; Tang, Zhiwei
    Abstract: This paper investigates the role of information and communication technologies (ICT) adoption and usage in enhancing the subjective well-being (SWB) of citizens, using the latest available China General Social Survey (CGSS) database. The impact is assessed using a two-level hierarchical linear model (HLM) accounting for both individual- and city-level characteristics. The findings suggest that government policies to increase the adoption of broadband and ICTs have implications beyond economic growth and opportunity, extending to the "happiness" of citizens.
    Date: 2018
  9. By: Nemoto, Naoko (Asian Development Bank Institute); Huang, Bihong (Asian Development Bank Institute); Storey, David (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Globally, the regulation of P2P lending has evolved significantly in recent years, with mostly beneficial effects on the diversification of funding for individuals and corporations. Regulatory responses have varied greatly between countries, and the characteristics of the markets that have emerged vary as a result. We describe and evaluate the range of P2P lending systems on offer to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in several countries, considering different regulatory regimes. In some countries, there are problematic incentives for platforms that rate credit and originate loans without holding the risk of these loans. In addition, when investor returns are guaranteed by platforms, investors have no incentive to distinguish among risk categories. In several countries, notably the People’s Republic of China, P2P platforms have engaged in fraudulent behavior and Ponzi-like schemes. On the other hand, stringent regulation in the United States has excessively impeded new entrants from providing competition to established platforms. Regulators should be mindful of these risks and others, while also seeking to capitalize on the benefits that the sector offers for providing new funding opportunities to SMEs. In our view, the United Kingdom can be suggested as an effective model to follow because of its tailor-made and flexible regulation.
    Keywords: fintech; P2P lending; regulation
    JEL: F34 G23
    Date: 2019–01–02
  10. By: Lingyu Kong (School of Economics, University of Adelaide); Florian Ploeckl (School of Economics, University of Adelaide)
    Abstract: Domestic western-style banks emerged as China’s leading financial sector during the Republican era, an environment characterized by economic and political uncertainty and weak property rights. We document that these modern banks nevertheless flourished, especially during the Nanjing decade in the 1930s, with strong social and commercial relationships throughout the sector. Focusing on interlocking directorates we trace the shape, structure and development of the network of cooperation between these banks. This network shows a dominating central cluster, indicating that the sector was characterized by internal cooperation rather than competition. Similarly, new entrants were strongly linked to existing banks, indicating that entry was driven by the expansion of existing banks rather than the rise of new competition. Finally, central locations of public banks within the cluster indicate that the government gained influence over the sector through direct bank ownership. This paper shows that the domestic financial sector reacted successfully to the threats of the external environment by weaving a close web of interdependence, including with the government.
    Keywords: Domestic western-style banks, Chinese banking networks, chinas leading financial sector, economic and political uncertainty, republican era
    Date: 2018–09

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