nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2014‒03‒22
two papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. Maternal Employment and Childhood Obesity in China: Evidence from the China Health and Nutrition Survey By Nie, Peng; Sousa-Poza, Alfonso
  2. How Much Does Social Status Matter to Health? Evidence from China's Academician Election By Liu, Gordon G.; Kwon, Ohyun; Xue, Xindong; Fleisher, Belton M.

  1. By: Nie, Peng (University of Hohenheim); Sousa-Poza, Alfonso (University of Hohenheim)
    Abstract: Using five waves from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), we investigate the association between maternal employment and obesity in children aged 3–17 in both rural and urban China. Using BMI and waist circumference as measures for pediatric adiposity, we provide scant evidence for its relation to maternal employment. We also find no strong association between maternal employment and our measures for children's diet and physical activity. Our study also suggests that grandparenting could have beneficial effects on childhood obesity.
    Keywords: childhood obesity, maternal employment, China
    JEL: I12 J13 J22
    Date: 2014–03
  2. By: Liu, Gordon G. (Peking University); Kwon, Ohyun (University of Wisconsin-Madison); Xue, Xindong (Zhongnan University of Economics and Law); Fleisher, Belton M. (Ohio State University)
    Abstract: The impact of socio-economic status on health has been widely recognized, but the independent impact of social status alone on health remains inconclusive. We approach this challenge by exploiting a natural experiment in which subjects undergo a shift in their social status without considerable economic impact. We gather data on 4190 scientists who were either nominated for or successfully elected to the Chinese Academy of Science or of Engineering. Being elected as an academician in China is a boost in social status (vice-ministerial level) with negligible economic impact (US$30 monthly before 2009). After correcting for two sources of bias: 1) Some potential academicians decease too young to be elected, leading to immortal-time bias in favor of academicians and 2) the endogenous relationship between health and social status, we find that the enhanced social status of becoming an academician leads to approximately 1.2-years longer life.
    Keywords: social status, health, academician, China
    JEL: I12
    Date: 2014–02

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