nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2013‒11‒22
two papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. The Economics of China: Successes and Challenges By Shenggen Fan; Ravi Kanbur; Shang-Jin Wei; Xiaobo Zhang
  2. Left-Behind Children and Return Decisions of Rural Migrants in China By Démurger, Sylvie; Xu, Hui

  1. By: Shenggen Fan; Ravi Kanbur; Shang-Jin Wei; Xiaobo Zhang
    Abstract: This paper is the first chapter in the Oxford Companion to the Economics of China (Oxford University Press, forthcoming). Rather than trying to summarize other contributors’ views, we provide our own perspectives on the Economics of China—the past experience and the future prospects. Our reading of China’s economic development over the past 35 years raises two major sets of issues, one of which is inward looking, and the other of which is outward looking. While Chinese aggregate development is impressive, it has raised the question of whether the growth is sustainable, and has led to a set of distributional issues and well-being concerns. We argue that these internal issues combine with those raised by China’s rapid integration and ever growing presence in the international arena, to jointly frame the challenges faced by China in the next 35 years, as it approaches the 100th anniversary of the People’s Republic in 2049.
    JEL: O1 P2
    Date: 2013–11
  2. By: Démurger, Sylvie (CNRS, GATE); Xu, Hui (Beijing Normal University)
    Abstract: This paper examines how left-behind children influence return migration in China. We first present a simple illustrative model based on Dustmann (2003) that incorporates economic and non-economic motives for migration duration (or intentions to return), among which are parents' concerns about the well-being of their left-behind children. We then propose two complementary empirical tests based on data we collected from rural households in Wuwei county (Anhui province) in fall 2008. We first use a discrete-time proportional hazard model to estimate the determinants of migration duration for both on-going migrants with an incomplete length of duration and return migrants with a complete length of duration. Second, we apply a binary Probit model to study the return intentions of on-going migrants. Both models yield consistent results regarding the role of left-behind children as a significant motive for return. First, left-behind children are found to draw their parents back to the village, the effect being stronger for pre-school children. Second, sons are found to play a more important role than daughters in reducing migration duration.
    Keywords: left-behind children, migration duration, return migration, discrete-time duration analysis, China
    JEL: J61 J13 C41 C25 O53
    Date: 2013–11

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