nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2013‒04‒06
two papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. Hypergamy, Cross-Boundary Marriages, and Family Behavior By Weiss, Yoram; Yi, Junjian; Zhang, Junsen
  2. Persistence of regional inequality in China By Christopher Candelaria; Mary Daly; Galina Hale

  1. By: Weiss, Yoram (Tel Aviv University); Yi, Junjian (University of Chicago); Zhang, Junsen (Chinese University of Hong Kong)
    Abstract: We study the rise in marriages between residents of HK and China following the handover of HK to China in 1997. Cross-boundary marriages accounted for almost half the marriages registered in HK in 2006. Because of large differences in male income between China and HK, marriages of HK men with Mainland women outnumbered those of HK women with mainland men sevenfold. Following the handover, HK women had lower marriage, higher divorce and higher emigration rates. These outcomes are predicted by our matching model and contradict the hypothesis that cross-boundary marriages were driven by rising education of HK women.
    Keywords: one-way permit, hypergamy, cross-boundary marriage, family behavior
    JEL: F22 J11 J12
    Date: 2013–03
  2. By: Christopher Candelaria; Mary Daly; Galina Hale
    Abstract: Regional inequality in China appears to be persistent and even growing in the last two decades. We study potential explanations for this phenomenon. After making adjustments for the difference in the cost of living across provinces, we find that some of the inequality in real wages could be attributed to differences in quality of labor, industry composition, labor supply elasticities, and geographical location of provinces. These factors, taken together, explain about half of the cross-province real wage difference. Interestingly, we find that inter-province redistribution did not help offset regional inequality during our sample period. We also demonstrate that inter-province migration, while driven in part by levels and changes in wage differences across provinces, does not offset these differences. These results imply that cross-province labor market mobility in China is still limited, which contributes to the persistence of cross-province wage differences.
    Keywords: China ; Wages ; Labor market ; Labor supply
    Date: 2013

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