nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2009‒09‒05
three papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. Parent-Child Co-residence and Bequest Motives in China By Ting Yin
  2. Are all Migrants Really Worse off in Urban Labour Markets?: New empirical evidence from China By Jason Gagnon; Theodora Xenogiani; Chunbing Xing
  3. Economic and Poverty Impacts of Agricultural, Trade and Factor Market Reforms in China By Zhai, Fan; Hertel, Thomas

  1. By: Ting Yin (Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University)
    Abstract: In this paper, I discuss the actual conditions and the determinants of co-residence between older parents and their children in China, especially the impact of bequest motives on parent-child co-residence, using micro data from the gSurvey of Living Preferences and Satisfaction,h conducted at Osaka University. More specifically, I use three subsamples of older respondents (those who live in urban areas, those who live in rural areas, and the pooled sample of both) to analyze the impact of bequest motives and other factors on the probability of parent-child co-residence. The results are as follows: Bequest motives are strong in China, with more than 60 percent of respondents having a bequest motive, and the parent-child co-residence rate is also high (just under 60 percent). Bequest motives do not have a significant impact on the probability of parent-child co-residence in any of the three samples. However, in urban areas of China, if older parents own their own homes, the probability that they co-reside with their children increases as the value of their home increases. In rural areas of China and in the country as a whole, the coefficient of parental income is positive and significant in some cases, meaning that children are more likely to live with their parents if parental income is higher. All of these results suggest that, in both urban and rural areas of China, the Chinese are selfishly motivated and the life-cycle model applies.
    Keywords: Bequest motives; parent-child co-residence; life-cycle hypothesis; altruism model; strategic bequest motive.
    JEL: D91 E21
    Date: 2009–08
  2. By: Jason Gagnon; Theodora Xenogiani; Chunbing Xing
    Abstract: The rapid and massive increase in rural-to-urban worker flows to the coast of China has drawn recent attention to the welfare of migrants working in urban regions, particularly to their working conditions and pay; serious concern is raised regarding pay discrimination against rural migrants. This paper uses data from a random draw of the 2005 Chinese national census survey to shed more light on the discrimination issue, by making comparisons of earnings and the sector of work between rural migrants on one hand, and urban residents and urban migrants on the other. Contrary to popular belief, we find no earnings discrimination against rural migrants compared to urban residents. However, rural migrants are found to be discriminated in terms of the sector in which they work, with a vast majority working in the informal sector lacking adequate social protection.<BR>L’augmentation rapide et massive des mouvements ruraux-à-urbains d’ouvriers vers la côte de la Chine a appelé à l’attention récente le bien-être des migrants travaillant dans des régions urbaines, en particulier vis-à-vis de leurs conditions de travail et de salaire ; la préoccupation a d’autant plus augmenté concernant la discrimination de salaire contre les migrants ruraux. Ce document emploie des données d’un tirage aléatoire du recensement national chinois de 2005 pour éclaircir la question de la discrimination en faisant des comparaisons de revenus et de secteur de travail entre les migrants ruraux d’une part, et les résidents et migrants urbains de l’autre. Contrairement à la croyance populaire, nous ne trouvons aucune discrimination de revenus entre migrants ruraux et résidents urbains. Cependant, les migrants ruraux s’avèrent être distingués en termes de secteur dans lequel ils travaillent, une grande majorité d’entre eux travaillant dans le secteur informel, caractérisé par un manque d’accès à une protection sociale adéquate.
    Keywords: migration, China, Chine, informal employment, migration, emploi informel, discrimination, discrimination
    JEL: J24 J71 O15 R23
    Date: 2009–06–30
  3. By: Zhai, Fan; Hertel, Thomas
    Keywords: Distorted incentives, agricultural and trade policy reforms, national agricultural development, Agricultural and Food Policy, International Relations/Trade, F13, F14, Q17, Q18,
    Date: 2009–06

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