nep-cna New Economics Papers
on China
Issue of 2007‒09‒24
three papers chosen by
Zheng Fang
Ohio State University

  1. The Rise of China and East Asian Export Performance: Is the Crowding-out Fear Warranted? By Prema-chandra Athukorala
  2. The Changing Face of Chinese Immigrants in Canada By Shibao Guo; Don J. DeVoretz
  3. The Quantity-Quality Tradeoff of Children in a Developing Country: Identification Using Chinese Twins By Hongbin Li; Junsen Zhang; Yi Zhu

  1. By: Prema-chandra Athukorala
    Abstract: This paper examines the effects of China’s rapid integration into the global economy on export performance of its East Asian neighbours against the backdrop of ongoing changes in patterns of international production. Following a stage-setting overview of trends and patterns of China’s export performance since the early 1990s, it probes two key themes central to the current policy debate, namely China competition in third country markets and emerging patterns of East Asian exports to China. The statistical analysis places particular emphasis on the supply-side complementarities between China and its East Asian neighbours resulting from China’s rapid integration into regional production networks. The findings suggest that the fear of export crowding-out has been vastly exaggerated in the contemporary policy debate on the implications of China’s rise.
    Keywords: China, export performance, production fragmentation
    JEL: F14 F23 O53
    Date: 2007
  2. By: Shibao Guo (University of Calgary); Don J. DeVoretz (Simon Fraser University and IZA)
    Abstract: This paper analyzes the changing characteristics of Chinese immigrants to Canada between 1980 and 2001. It reveals that recent Chinese immigrants to Canada constitute a substantially different group from those of former years. They are no longer a homogeneous group from the rural areas of Guangdong Province of Mainland China, but in fact citizens of 132 countries, speaking 100 different languages and dialects. This study also reveals significant differences among Chinese subgroups. Immigrants from Hong Kong and Taiwan shared more commonalities than with those from Mainland China. Given Canada’s time dependent immigration selection procedures, these differences are rationalized on the basis of a proposed single and double selection theory.
    Keywords: Chinese immigration, integration, triangle theory
    JEL: J15 J60 J61
    Date: 2007–08
  3. By: Hongbin Li (Chinese University of Hong Kong and Tsinghua University); Junsen Zhang (Chinese University of Hong Kong and IZA); Yi Zhu (Michigan State University)
    Abstract: Testing the tradeoff between child quantity and quality within a family is complicated by the endogeneity of family size. Using data from the Chinese Population Census, this paper examines the effect of family size on child educational attainment in China. We find a negative correlation between family size and child outcome, even after we control for the birth order effect. We then instrument family size by the exogenous variation that is induced by a twin birth, and find a negative effect of family size on children’s education. We also find that the effect of family size is more evident in rural China, where the public education system is poor. Given that our estimates of the effect of twinning on non-twins at least provide the lower bound of the true effect of family size (Rosenzweig and Zhang, 2006), these findings suggest a quantity-quality tradeoff of children in developing countries.
    Keywords: quantity-quality tradeoff, twins, China
    JEL: J13 J18 J24 O10
    Date: 2007–08

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