nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2023‒07‒24
twenty papers chosen by

  1. The Impact of the War on Human Capital and Productivity in Ukraine By Balázs Égert; Christine de la Maisonneuve; Balazs Egert
  2. The EU can manage without Russian liquified natural gas By Ben McWilliams; Giovanni Sgaravatti; Simone Tagliapietra; Georg Zachmann
  3. Damaged Collateral and Firm-Level Finance: Evidence from Russia's War in Ukraine By Shpak, Solomiya; Earle, John S.; Gehlbach, Scott; Panga, Mariia
  4. War and Science in Ukraine By Ina Ganguli; Fabian Waldinger
  5. The Impact of the Russia-Ukraine War on Global Food Supply Chains from the Perspective of Low-Income Food Deficit Countries By Ahn, Soojung; Steinbach, Sandro
  6. Global Grain Trade Implications of the Russia-Ukraine War By Ahn, Soojung; Kim, Dongin; Steinbach, Sandro
  7. The Russian Aggression Against Ukraine: Implications for Decisions Leaving The Conservation Reserve Program By Lee, Meongsu; Westhoff, Patrick
  8. Shift contagion and minimum causal intensity portfolio during the COVID-19 and the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict By Amine Ben Amar; Mondher Bouattour; Makram Bellalah; Stéphane Goutte
  9. Isolating a Culture of Son Preference Among Armenian, Georgian, and Azeri Parents in Soviet-Era Russia By Matthias Schief; Sonja Vogt; Elena Churilova; Charles Efferson
  10. An Overview of Climate Change, the Environment, and Innovative Finance in Emerging and Developing Economies By Shirai, Sayuri
  11. Impact of digital transformation on public governance By MILLARD Jeremy
  12. Republic of Croatia: 2023 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Staff Statement By International Monetary Fund
  13. An illiberal economic order: commitment mechanisms become tools of authoritarian coercion By Kalyanpur, Nikhil
  14. Mali: 2023 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mali By International Monetary Fund
  15. A Modern Excess Profit Tax By Manon François; Carlos Oliveira; Bluebery Planterose; Gabriel Zucman
  16. International Relations: India, Russia, and the US Swing forward the Future of Geopolitics “Modi's US Visit: What New Delhi Wants from Washington”. By Mishra, Mukesh Kumar
  17. If You Do Not Change Your Behavior : Preventive Repression in Lithuania under Soviet Rule By Nazrullaeva, Eugenia; Harrison, Mark
  18. Toward a Hydrogen Economy in Kazakhstan By Zholdayakova, Saule; Abuov, Yerdaulet; Zhakupov, Dualet; Suleimenova, Botakoz; Kim, Alisa
  19. Peut-on aborder les enjeux controversés sans sombrer dans la polémique ? By Fabrice Flipo; Laurent Alleman; Christine Arancet; Nathalie Chelin; Nadine Dubruc; Sarah Ghaffari; Michelle Mongo; Loutfi Nuaymi
  20. Welfare as flourishing social reproduction: Polish and Ukrainian migrant workers in a market-participation society By Plomien, Ania; Schwartz, Gregory

  1. By: Balázs Égert; Christine de la Maisonneuve; Balazs Egert
    Abstract: In addition to the humanitarian suffering and huge immediate economic costs, the war in Ukraine will have long-term consequences, among which are losses in human capital that will impact aggregate productivity for many years. Exploiting a new stock measure of human capital combining the quality and quantity of education and adult skills, this paper suggests that losses in long-run aggregate productivity operating through the human capital channel could be at about 7% if the war lasts two years. These adverse effects come from school closure and the resulting decline in student learning outcomes and losses in workers’ skills, which, without remedial policy action, could persist for decades.
    Keywords: human capital, productivity, educational achievement, student test score, adult test score, Ukraine
    JEL: E24 I19 I20 I25 I26 I28
    Date: 2023
  2. By: Ben McWilliams; Giovanni Sgaravatti; Simone Tagliapietra; Georg Zachmann
    Abstract: How can the European Union achieve its target of eliminating all Russian fossil-fuel imports by 2027?
    Date: 2023–06
  3. By: Shpak, Solomiya; Earle, John S.; Gehlbach, Scott; Panga, Mariia
    Abstract: How much has Russia's war in Ukraine damaged the collateral of Ukrainian firms, and how much damage has that caused the Ukrainian financial system? We address this question using unusually rich high-frequency supervisory data of Ukrainian banks combined with a survey of banks on the location and condition of corporate borrowers' collateral between February and November 2022. Exploiting plausibly exogenous variation in collateral value resulting from damage to collateral, we find that a 10-percent reduction in the collateral-loan ratio lowers the probability of getting any new loan by nearly eight percentage points; new lending falls by over two percentage points. Our results additionally imply that the same reduction in collateral value raises default rates and banks' assessment of firms' probability of default by approximately eight and four percentage points, respectively. The results imply that, in the absence of sufficient aid to repair the damage, Ukraine may experience reduced investment and lower economic growth in the future.
    Date: 2023–06–28
  4. By: Ina Ganguli (University of Massachusetts Amherst); Fabian Waldinger (LMU Munich)
    Abstract: We discuss the impacts of the Russian invasion on Ukrainian science. Using newly collected data, we show that the war has already had significant effects on science in Ukraine: research papers produced by Ukrainian scientists declined by about 10%, approximately 5% of the most prolific scientists are publishing with a foreign affiliation, 22% of top universities have faced destruction of physical capital, and international collaborations with Russian scientists have declined by more than 40%. Drawing upon the economics of science and innovation literature, we highlight three primary channels through which wars impact science: 1) the loss of human capital, 2) the destruction of physical capital, and 3) reductions in international scientific cooperation. The evidence from the literature on the long-run effects of losing human or physical capital indicates that shocks to physical capital can be remedied more easily than shocks to human capital. Our new data also suggests that human capital shocks are the main drivers of the reduction in Ukrainian research output that has occurred since the beginning of the war. Hence, reconstruction efforts should be focused on supporting scientists to continue in the research sector and to return to Ukraine after the war has ended.
    Keywords: war and science; scientific human capital; physical capital destruction; international migration; international scientific cooperation;
    JEL: H52 I23 I25 J44 J61 J62 O38 O52
    Date: 2023–06–21
  5. By: Ahn, Soojung; Steinbach, Sandro
    Keywords: International Development, International Relations/Trade, Agricultural and Food Policy
    Date: 2023
  6. By: Ahn, Soojung; Kim, Dongin; Steinbach, Sandro
    Keywords: International Relations/Trade, Marketing, Agribusiness
    Date: 2023
  7. By: Lee, Meongsu; Westhoff, Patrick
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, Resource/Energy Economics and Policy, Environmental Economics and Policy
    Date: 2023
  8. By: Amine Ben Amar (UM6P - Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique [Ben Guerir]); Mondher Bouattour (Excelia Group | La Rochelle Business School, LGTO - Laboratoire de Gestion et des Transitions Organisationnelles - UT3 - Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier - UT - Université de Toulouse); Makram Bellalah (LEFMI - Laboratoire d’Économie, Finance, Management et Innovation - UR UPJV 4286 - UPJV - Université de Picardie Jules Verne); Stéphane Goutte (PSB - Paris School of Business - HESAM - HESAM Université - Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Hautes écoles Sorbonne Arts et métiers université, SOURCE - SOUtenabilité et RésilienCE - UVSQ - Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines - IRD [France-Nord] - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement)
    Abstract: Using the TYDL causality test, this paper attempts (i) to investigate the existence of shift contagion among a large spectrum of financial markets during recent stress and stress-free periods and (ii) to propose a new approach of portfolio management based on the minimization of the causal intensity. During the COVID-19 crisis period, the shift contagion analysis not only reveal a tripling of the causal links between the markets studied, but also a change in the causal structure. Beyond the initial impact of the COVID-19 crisis on financial markets, policy interventions seem to have helped in reassuring market participants that the further spread of financial stress would be mitigated. However, the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, and the high degree of uncertainty it entailed, has again exacerbated the interdependencies between financial markets. In terms of portfolio analysis, our minimum-causalintensity approach records a lower (respectively higher) reward-to-volatility ratio than the Markowitz (1952 & 1959) minimum-variance traditional approach during the pre-COVID-19 (respectively prewar) period. On the other hand, both approaches, the one we propose in this paper and the minimum-variance approach, record negative reward-to-volatility ratios during crisis periods.
    Keywords: socially responsible investment, Shift contagion, diversification, minimum-causal intensity portfolio, clean energy, financial market, cryptocurrencies
    Date: 2023–04
  9. By: Matthias Schief; Sonja Vogt; Elena Churilova; Charles Efferson
    Abstract: This paper analyzes historical census data from the final Soviet census in 1989. We find that, even in the absence of sex-selective abortions, the fertility decisions of Armenian, Georgian, and Azeri parents living in Russia in the late 1970s and the 1980s were significantly more son-biased than those of other ethnic groups in Russia. This finding suggests that the observed increase in the sex ratio at birth in the Caucasus since the end of the Soviet Union at least partially reflects a deep-rooted cultural preference for sons. Moreover, this result supports one of the key hypotheses of gene-culture coevolution, namely the claim that cultural evolutionary processes can shape selection on the basic components of genetic fitness.
    Keywords: son preference, sex ratio, sex-selective abortions, historical census data, Caucasus, gene-culture coevolution
    JEL: J13 J16 Z10
    Date: 2023
  10. By: Shirai, Sayuri (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: The global economy has been facing a series of adverse shocks in recent years including the COVID-19 pandemic, climate crisis, the Russian invasion of Ukraine, high inflation, and interest rate shocks driven by global monetary policy normalization. The high cost of fossil fuels since 2021, moreover, has reminded the world that investment for clean energy projects has been severely inadequate due to limited implementation of climate policies and limited capital inflows to financing decarbonization efforts. While overdependence on fossil fuels might be inevitable currently, the world needs to accelerate transition to carbon neutrality and also begin to cope with nature capital stock and biodiversity losses, which are happening at an alarming pace. In particular, more financial support should be provided to emerging and developing economies (EMDEs) to help achieve climate and environmental goals and other sustainable development goals (SDGs). We give an overview of some innovative finance schemes applicable to EMDEs, including blended finance to mobilize more private capital to climate and environmental projects and debt-for-climate swaps (or debt-for-nature swaps), to provide de facto grants to small high-debt economies in exchange for climate projects (or nature protection). We also provide some suggestions for further actions through better coordination among donor and recipient nations led by G7 and G20 nations.
    Keywords: public–private partnership; blended finance; debt-for-nature swaps; performance-based grants
    JEL: F34 F35 F64 G23
    Date: 2022–12
  11. By: MILLARD Jeremy
    Abstract: Public governance concerns how the roles and relations of all actors are organised, structured, managed and administered, including power and competence relationships and the levers that each actor has, particularly when using digital technology. Its overall purpose is to deliver public value benefits that promote the prosperity, wellbeing and flourishing of all people and all parts of society, as enabled by nature’s life-support systems. The focus is on the EU but also with a broader international perspective. The setting is (liberal) democratic systems, with their country, regional and local variations and the EU as the overarching level of governance. The EU already has many policies to promote the public values of good governance as the means of tackling its challenges to achieve these public value benefits. However, at the end of 2022, there is a renewed need for two reappraisals. First, a thorough mapping and understanding of the public governance arrangements, defined as paradigms in this report that have and are being deployed across all the EU’s multi-governance levels, the role played by digital technology and the impacts these have had. Second, an analysis of the new strategic challenges the EU faces, especially since early 2020 with the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine and the dramatically escalating social, economic and environmental crises, taking account of the role that digital technology and data can play.
    Keywords: public governance, digital government, digital transformation, public value, public services
    Date: 2023–06
  12. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: On January 1, 2023, Croatia became the 20th member of the eurozone. The country posted another strong growth year in 2022, among the highest in the eurozone. But the momentum started to slow in H2, while inflation rose to a multi-decade high, reflecting indirect impacts from Russia’s war in Ukraine. Staff expects growth to moderate to 2.4 percent in 2023 and recover to its potential over the medium term. Inflation is projected to average 7½ percent in 2023 and gradually fall towards the 2 percent target. The outlook is subject to considerable uncertainty. Risks to growth are broadly balanced and risks to inflation are tilted to the upside.
    Date: 2023–06–29
  13. By: Kalyanpur, Nikhil
    Abstract: Globalization did not negate state power. It changed the toolkit. We expected the norms and incentives of the liberal economic order to push regimes in places like China and Russia to democratize. Instead, authoritarianism appears to be thriving. This article argues that authoritarians have learned how to take advantage of the institutions underpinning globalization for their own illiberal ends. They use courts in major economic powers to negate the effects of international institutions and to target their political competition. They subvert our expectations by repurposing the basic premises of liberalism–predictability and openness. The article demonstrates these claims by examining how the institutions of multiple international economic regimes, which were designed as constraints, have been turned into offensive tools. The findings illustrate that International Political Economy (IPE) scholars need to begin analyzing how governments learned these tactics and whether we can reconcile the contradictions they exploit.
    Keywords: International order; economic coercion; global governance; illiberalism; statecraft; transnational law; Taylor & Francis deal
    JEL: J1
    Date: 2023–06–13
  14. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: Mali has been hit by several large shocks in the past three years, including two coups d’état, the COVID-19 pandemic, acute security challenges and a cost-of-living crisis triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. A strict embargo in the first half of 2022 by regional partners restricted the government and private sector’s international economic transactions. Despite that embargo, GDP growth was estimated to be 3.7 percent in 2022. Inflation peaked at almost 15 percent in mid-2022—resulting in an increase in extreme poverty and heightened food insecurity—but has since decelerated, with inflation in March 2023 at 7.5 percent. The BCEAO regional central bank raised its policy rate to 3 percent in February 2023, a 100-basis point cumulative increase since June 2022.
    Date: 2023–06–14
  15. By: Manon François (EU Tax - EU Tax Observatory, PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement); Carlos Oliveira (EU Tax - EU Tax Observatory, NOVA SBE - NOVA - School of Business and Economics - NOVA - Universidade Nova de Lisboa = NOVA University Lisbon); Bluebery Planterose (PSE - Paris School of Economics - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, EU Tax - EU Tax Observatory); Gabriel Zucman (EU Tax - EU Tax Observatory, UC Berkeley - University of California [Berkeley] - UC - University of California)
    Abstract: This paper presents a new way to tax excess profits. We propose to tax the rise in the stock market capitalization of companies that benefit from extraordinary circumstances, such as energy firms following the invasion of Ukraine in February 2022. Targeting the rise in stock market capitalization (which is easily observable) makes the tax much harder to avoid than standard excess profit taxes, and allows to capture rents irrespective of where multinational companies book their profits. We apply this proposal to energy companies that are headquartered or have sales in the European Union. We estimate that taxing the January 2022 to September 2022 valuation gains of energy firms at a rate of 33% would generate around €80 billion in revenue (0.4% of GDP) for the European Union. We discuss implementation practicalities and compare our proposals to other plans made to tax excess profits.
    Date: 2022–09
  16. By: Mishra, Mukesh Kumar
    Abstract: India's engagement with the United States is driven by a combination of strategic, economic, and shared values considerations. New Delhi would seek to leverage and balance its relationship with Washington also to advance its national interests, enhance its security, and promote its economic growth and development.
    Keywords: Geopolitics, International Relations
    JEL: F52 F53 F55
    Date: 2023
  17. By: Nazrullaeva, Eugenia (School of Public Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science; CAGE, University of Warwick); Harrison, Mark (Department of Economics and CAGE, University of Warwick ; CEPR)
    Abstract: Who is targeted by preventive repression and why? In the Soviet Union, the KGB applied a form of low-intensity preventive policing, called profilaktika. Citizens found to be engaging in politically and socially disruptive misdemeanors were invited to discuss their behavior and to receive a warning. Using novel data from Lithuania, a former Soviet republic, in the late 1950s and the 1970s, we study the profile and behaviors of the citizens who became subjects of interest to the KGB. We use topic modeling to investigate the operational focuses of profilaktika. We find that profilaktika began as a way of managing specific threats or “known risks” that arose from the experience of postwar Sovietization. The proportion of “unknown risks” – people without risk factors in their background or personal records – increased by the 1970s. These people were targeted because of their anti-Soviet behaviour, which the KGB attributed to “contagious” foreign influences and the spread of harmful values.
    Keywords: coercion ; communism ; preventive repression ; security ; social norms ; surveillance ; Soviet Union JEL codes: N44 ; P37
    Date: 2023
  18. By: Zholdayakova, Saule (Asian Development Bank Institute); Abuov, Yerdaulet (Asian Development Bank Institute); Zhakupov, Dualet (Asian Development Bank Institute); Suleimenova, Botakoz (Asian Development Bank Institute); Kim, Alisa (Asian Development Bank Institute)
    Abstract: Hydrogen technologies are one of the central topics in the energy transition. Different nations have different stances on it. Some governments see hydrogen as a decarbonization tool or part of their energy security strategy, while some others see it as a potential export commodity. While identifying priorities for the future, Kazakhstan should clearly define the role of hydrogen in the country’s long-term energy and decarbonization strategy. We present the first country-scale assessment of hydrogen technologies in Kazakhstan by focusing on policy, technology and economy aspects. A preliminary analysis has shown that Kazakhstan should approach hydrogen mainly as a part of its long-term decarbonization strategy. While coping with the financial risks of launching a hydrogen economy, the country can benefit from the export potential of low-carbon hydrogen in the near term. The export potential of low-carbon hydrogen in Kazakhstan is justified by its proximity to the largest hydrogen markets, huge resource base, and potentially low cost of production (in the case of blue hydrogen). We discuss technology options for hydrogen transportation and storage for Kazakhstan. We also also identify target hydrogen utilization areas in emission sectors regulated by Kazakhstan’s Emissions Trading System.
    Keywords: hydrogen roadmap; hydrogen strategy; blue hydrogen; green hydrogen; hydrogen export; metal hydrides
    JEL: L52 L71 Q42
    Date: 2022–10
  19. By: Fabrice Flipo (IMT-BS - LSH - Département Langues et Sciences Humaines - TEM - Télécom Ecole de Management - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IMT-BS - Institut Mines-Télécom Business School - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], LCSP (URP_7335) - Laboratoire de Changement Social et Politique - UPCité - Université Paris Cité); Laurent Alleman (CERI EE - IMT Nord Europe - Centre for Energy and Environment - IMT Nord Europe - Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Lille Douai - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris]); Christine Arancet (IMT Mines Albi - IMT École nationale supérieure des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris]); Nathalie Chelin (IMT Atlantique - LCI - Département Langues et Culture Internationale - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris]); Nadine Dubruc (Mines Saint-Étienne MSE - École des Mines de Saint-Étienne - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], COACTIS - COnception de l'ACTIon en Situation - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Étienne, FAYOL-ENSMSE - Institut Henri Fayol - Mines Saint-Étienne MSE - École des Mines de Saint-Étienne - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], FAYOL-ENSMSE - Département Management responsable et innovation - ENSM ST-ETIENNE - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de St Etienne - Institut Henri Fayol); Sarah Ghaffari (IMT Atlantique - SSG - Département Sciences sociales et de gestion - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], CENS - Centre Nantais de Sociologie - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UN UFRS - Université de Nantes - UFR Sociologie - UN - Université de Nantes); Michelle Mongo (COACTIS - COnception de l'ACTIon en Situation - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - UJM - Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Étienne, Mines Saint-Étienne MSE - École des Mines de Saint-Étienne - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], FAYOL-ENSMSE - Institut Henri Fayol - Mines Saint-Étienne MSE - École des Mines de Saint-Étienne - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], FAYOL-ENSMSE - Département Management responsable et innovation - ENSM ST-ETIENNE - Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de St Etienne - Institut Henri Fayol); Loutfi Nuaymi (IRISA-D2 - RÉSEAUX, TÉLÉCOMMUNICATION ET SERVICES - IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires - UR - Université de Rennes - INSA Rennes - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - Rennes - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - ENS Rennes - École normale supérieure - Rennes - Inria - Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - CentraleSupélec - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], ADOPNET - Advanced technologies for operated networks - UR - Université de Rennes - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris] - IRISA-D2 - RÉSEAUX, TÉLÉCOMMUNICATION ET SERVICES - IRISA - Institut de Recherche en Informatique et Systèmes Aléatoires - UR - Université de Rennes - INSA Rennes - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - Rennes - INSA - Institut National des Sciences Appliquées - UBS - Université de Bretagne Sud - ENS Rennes - École normale supérieure - Rennes - Inria - Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique - CentraleSupélec - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris], IMT Atlantique - SRCD - Département Systèmes Réseaux, Cybersécurité et Droit du numérique - IMT Atlantique - IMT Atlantique - IMT - Institut Mines-Télécom [Paris])
    Abstract: Au terme de deux années de travail, le GT « Controverses » a souhaité souligner premièrement la responsabilité de l'Institut Mines-Télécom dans la formation de futurs ingénieurs et managers qui seront confrontés dans le cadre de leurs activités professionnelles à l'expression d'arguments (pas seulement les leurs) et à la prise de décision dans des situations qui pourront être plus ou moins controversées. Deuxièmement, dans un contexte ou la décision évolue vers des situations de plus en plus controversées. La guerre en Ukraine et ses conséquences en sont un exemple, tout autant que la transition écologique, sociale et sociétale. Les choix managériaux et technologiques sont pris dans des enjeux plus larges, « controversés ». Il est donc primordial de travailler sur le développement de compétences spécifiques dans le curricula des étudiants afin de sortir de situations scolaires souvent trop bornées et dans lesquelles les controverses sont réputées ne pas exister d'une part et d'autre part il est nécessaire de comprendre les situations controversées afin de mettre en place des dispositifs permettant d'y faire face. Ce guide qui se veut avant tout opérationnelle et pratique, identifie les enjeux principaux d'une pédagogie par et pour les controverses, afin d'offrir à l'enseignant·e- chercheur·e intéressé·e un ensemble de repères solides pour se lancer, répondre aux attentes des apprenant·e·s ou améliorer son cours ; bref, mettre le pied à l'étrier. Ainsi cette publication précise ce qu'est une situation controversée, les compétences requises ou travaillées dans ce genre de situation ou encore en quoi cela pose des défis spécifiques à l'enseignant·e, en termes de posture.
    Date: 2023–05
  20. By: Plomien, Ania; Schwartz, Gregory
    Abstract: The historical link between labour and welfare is increasingly considered in the transnational register, largely because labour mobilities demand a rethinking of nation-based social protection systems. Transnational labour mobilities also illuminate other dimensions of boundary-crossing, including formality–informality, citizenship–non-citizenship and production–reproduction. These additional considerations call for going beyond the problem of transnational welfare access. We argue that the prism of social reproduction enables such a rethinking of the labour–welfare relationship. In this article, we conceptualise an expanded notion of welfare as flourishing social reproduction, in contradistinction to the principle of welfare deriving primarily from paid work and labour market participation. We apply this theorisation of welfare to our qualitative case study of the experiences and interests of Polish and Ukrainian migrant workers in Germany, Poland and the United Kingdom employed in care provision, food production and housing construction sectors. In the geopolitical setting of uneven and combined Europe, embodying high levels of differentiation together with advanced transnational social protection, we explore the role of differentiation of migrants in labour markets (along work, migration and citizenship axes) and the extent to which transnational mobility facilitates the improvement of social reproduction. While the low-waged labour of Polish and Ukrainian men and women working in care, food and housing furnishes their own and local workers’ social reproduction needs, we find that migrant workers’ welfare as flourishing social reproduction remains wanting, even for those with already privileged access to the current ‘gold-standard’ transnational social protection offered by the EUs freedoms of movement framework. Welfare remains centred on individualised paid work logic, leaving a vast range of needs unmet and work and workers excluded, bearing implications for prevalent transnational social protection efforts.
    Keywords: social reproduction; transnational mobility; labour; welfare; gender; Poland; Ukraine; Department of Gender Studies; GRF 2019-2021; Sage deal
    JEL: R14 J01
    Date: 2023–06–09

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