nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2021‒12‒13
nine papers chosen by

  1. Determinants of Regional Raw Milk Prices in Russia By Kresova, Svetlana; Hess, Sebastian
  2. The Improvement of Korea's New Northern Economic Cooperation Governance: Focusing on Russia By Park, Joungho; Jeong, Minhyeon; Kang, Boogyun; Jeong, Dongyeon; Kim, Chorong; Jeh, Sunghoon; Lukonin, Sergey; Zaklyazminskaya, Ekaterina
  3. The Philosophy Of Yakov Golosovker As A Phenomenon Of Russian-German Intellectual Dialogue By Daniil Morozov
  4. Statistical footprints of corruption:“Vanity Fair” of automobile license plates in Russia By Tom Eeckhout; Timur Natkhov; Leonid Polishchuk; Koen Schoors; Kevin Hoefman
  5. Economic Sanctions and Agricultural Trade By Mario Larch; Jeff Luckstead; Yoto V. Yotov
  6. A Study on Private Enterprises and Entrepreneurs in Transition Economies: Focusing on Russia and Vietnam By Kim, Seok Hwan; Min, Jiyoung; Pek, Jong Hun; Le, Sang-Xuan
  7. Evolution Of Sex Gap In Life Expectancy Across High-Income Countries: Universal Patterns And Country-Specific Attributes By Marina Vergeles
  8. Assessing the Macroeconomic Impact of Structural Reforms in Ukraine By Mr. Anil Ari; Gabor Pula
  9. Policy Analysis with Melitz-Type Gravity Model: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan By Kimsanova, Barchynai; Herzfeld, Thomas

  1. By: Kresova, Svetlana; Hess, Sebastian
    Keywords: Demand and Price Analysis, Livestock Production/Industries
    Date: 2021–08
    Abstract: Marking the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between Korea and Russia, this study aims to suggest policy proposals to improve Korea's economic cooperation governance with Russia. This study analyzes the structure and features of Russia's international economic cooperation governance as well as cases of economic cooperation governance with Russia in four major countries (China, Japan, German and Vietnam). In addition, we conducted a survey of experts at home and abroad on their evaluation of Korea’s economic cooperation governance with Russia. Based on the analysis, this study presents five policy proposals to improve Korea's economic cooperation governance with Russia. 1) Reorganize the Korea-Russia Joint Committee on Economic, Scientific and Technological Cooperation and its sub-committees; 2) Restructure and revitalize public-private and private consultative bodies for economic cooperation; 3) Successfully utilize financial assistance mechanisms and consider launching a cooperation fund; 4) Establish a K-business center; and 5) Strategically utilize the major international forums organized by Russia.
    Keywords: Korea; Russia; New Northern Policy; economic cooperation; governance
    Date: 2020–10–08
  3. By: Daniil Morozov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This research studies the German influence on “the Imaginative Absolute” of Yakov Golosovker, whose philosophical legacy has not yet been reflected in the history of Russian thought. His legacy and its diverse intellectual themes is investigated using archival materials. The article is divided into three parts: a dialogue with the “eternal companion” Holderlin, a struggle with Kant, and a dialogue with the “eternal companion” Nietzsche. Such a structure allows the author to identify, link, and problematize the fundamental philosophical foundations of Golosovker's system and embed his legacy into the Russian-German intellectual dialogue. The research is carried out as part of an ongoing study.
    Keywords: Golosovker, imagination, Holderlin, Kant, ratio, Nietzsche, mythmaking, romanticism
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Tom Eeckhout; Timur Natkhov; Leonid Polishchuk; Koen Schoors; Kevin Hoefman (-)
    Abstract: We offer a novel big data approach to corruption detection and measurement by using statistical anomalies in publicly observable allocations which corruption affects in a predictable manner. While each individual incidence of corruption remains undetectable under the veil of secrecy, systemic corruption changes distributions of observable outcomes, and thus leaves measurable statistical footprints. We apply this approach to measuring corruption in Russian traffic police, which issues automobile license plates. Some of such plates serve as signs of status and prestige, and they are heavily concentrated among more expensive and especially luxury classes and brands, whereas if the official rules were followed, the distributions should have been close to uniform. Such discrepancies provide evidence-based measures of corruption in traffic police, which exhibit significant correlation with road accidents, injuries and fatalities.
    Keywords: Corruption, Police, Law Enforcement, Administrative data, Forensic Economics
    JEL: K13 K42 O17 P37
    Date: 2021–11
  5. By: Mario Larch; Jeff Luckstead; Yoto V. Yotov
    Abstract: Combining two new datasets on sanctions and agricultural trade and implementing step-by-step the latest developments in the empirical structural gravity literature, we investigate the effects of sanctions on international trade of agricultural products. We find that trade sanctions have been effective in impeding agricultural trade, while other sanctions do not show any significant effects. The complete trade sanctions in our sample have led to about a 73% decrease in the agricultural trade between the sanctioned and sanctioning countries, or a corresponding tariff equivalent of 38.8%, but we also obtain significant estimates for partial sanctions. At the industry level, we find substantial heterogeneity depending on the sanctioning and sanctioned countries, the type of sanctions used, and the direction of trade flows. Focusing on the sanctions on Russia, we find that these sanctions substantially decreased bilateral trade of Russia, mainly due to reduced trade with the EU.
    Keywords: structural gravity, sanctions, agriculture, Russia, heterogeneity
    JEL: F14 F51 Q17
    Date: 2021
    Abstract: Russia's privatization took place from small enterprises, apartments, family farms to mid- and large-sized firms. Although national assets and state-owned enterprises were sold to the private sector, the government's fiscal condition did not improve. Rather, the government revenue to GDP ratio decreased in general. Furthermore, the corporate income to GDP ratio shrank more drastically. One of the reasons behind this could be that the tax system was just formed. In addition, as privatization went on, a number of companies failed and the government provided tax off-sets or tax amnesty to businesses. In terms of productivity, privatization had a positive effect. According to J. David Brown, John. S. Earle, and Scott Gehlbah (2013), privatization by both foreigners and Russians increased productivity to different extents by period. However, privatization weakened the government's power, destroyed social order and exacerbated corruption. The opaque and monopolistic manner of privatization in Russia benefited only those who were in power. As a result, Russia became a phony capitalist economy and private companies and businessmen came to have a negative public image. The word "piratization" was also coined based on this. Vietnam's equitization, which began in the early 1990s, is still underway. Even though the government has announced privatization plans on several occasions, the process has been very slow with mediocre achievements. State-owned companies in Vietnam are struggling with debt issues and diseconomies of scale, which can be connected with the country's falling industrial competitiveness. The default of Vinashin Group (largest Vietnamese shipbuilder) in December 2010 was a representative instance that highlighted the need to reform state-run companies. The World Bank also recommended that in order for the Vietnamese economy to develop into a middle-income country by 2035, privatization of state-owned enterprises will have to be accelerated. (the rest omitted)
    Keywords: Russia; Vietnam; private enterprise; privatization
    Date: 2020–12–07
  7. By: Marina Vergeles (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The sex gap in life expectancy (LE) at birth is currently narrowing in all high-income countries. Previous research on Western European and English-speaking (WE&ES) countries suggested that smoking-related mortality at ages 50+ was largely responsible for both widening and subsequent narrowing of the gap. However, countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have had particularly high excess male mortality at young and middle ages that couldn`t be fully attributed to the smoking-related causes. We use the Human Mortality Database to examine the patterns and time trends in male/female differences in LE across 41 high-income countries and 7 country groups from 1959 until the latest available year. Contour decomposition is applied to estimate the contribution of different ages to the maximum sex gap and its change ever since. While the UK was the first country to reach the peak in the sex gap in 1969, Greece did it half a century later, in 2009. The largest male disadvantage in LE was observed in Russia in 2005 (13.7 years), Israel had a peak in 1999 with just 4.4 years. There is a persistent difference between countries and particularly country groups in the age-specific contribution to the maximum sex gap. In WE&ES countries ages older than 50 play the major role in determining the sex gap while CEE countries have high excess male mortality in young and middle ages (20-50). The narrowing of the sex gap in CEE countries hasn`t substantially changed the age contribution. Mortality at ages younger than 50 still plays an important role in determining the sex gap in LE in these countries. Differences in the sex gap between countries add a new dimension to a previously established East-West mortality divide. Country specifics must be taken into account to develop public health policies aimed at reducing sex mortality inequalities
    Keywords: sex gap in life expectancy, gender differences in health, mortality, decomposition.
    JEL: J10 J11 I14 N32 N34
    Date: 2021
  8. By: Mr. Anil Ari; Gabor Pula
    Abstract: Ukraine’s economic performance has been anemic since the early 1990s. A major impediment to productivity growth has been low investment, held back by lack of strong and independent institutions. This paper aims to assess the major areas of institutional weakness in Ukraine and quantify the long-term growth impact of catching-up to Poland in terms of the quality of major economic institutions and market development. Our analysis identifies the legal system as the area where the institutional quality is weakest compared to Poland, followed distantly by market competition, openness to trade and financial depth. Using a methodology that accounts for positive spillovers between the structural reform areas, we estimate that even under the most optimistic scenario, where institutional gaps are fully addressed, Ukraine would need 15 years to catch up to Poland’s current income level.
    Keywords: growth impact; reform gap; reform scenario; scenario Ukraine; indicator value; Structural reforms; Total factor productivity; Commodity markets; International reserves; Corruption; Eastern Europe
    Date: 2021–04–23
  9. By: Kimsanova, Barchynai; Herzfeld, Thomas
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy
    Date: 2021–08

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