nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2020‒03‒09
nine papers chosen by

  1. Development of approaches to targeting large companies of the Russian Federation as a subject of technological development of the country By Kurakova, Natalia (Куракова, Наталья); Zinov, Vladimir (Зинов, Владимир); Tsvetkova, Liliya (Цветкова, Лилия); Kurakov, Fedor (Кураков, Федор); Eremchenko, Olga (Ерёмченко, Ольга)
  2. Mid-sized Russian cities: experience with researching households with labor migrants By Mkrtchan, Nikita (Мкртчян, Никита); Florinskaya, Yulia (Флоринская, Юлия)
  3. Assessment of the Labor Markets Integration and the Higher Education Services Market: Using the Example of Kazakhstan By Teodor Sedlarski; Oxana Bezler
  4. Analysis of the practice and prospects of providing medical care using telemedicine technologies By Kovalev, Sergey (Ковалев, Сергей); Yashina, Elena (Яшина, Елена); Lukichev, Konstantin (Лукичев, Константин); Sorokoletov, Pavel (Сороколетов, Павел); Turzin, Petr (Турзин, Петр); Generalov, Andrey (Генералов, Андрей); Evseev, Alexander (Евсеев, Александр); Knutov, Artem (Кнутов, Артем)
  5. The Economics of International Student and Scholar Mobility : Directions for Research By Chellaraj,Gnanaraj
  6. All-Pay Auctions as Models for Trade Wars and Military Annexation By Benjamin Kang; James Unwin
  7. Boosting social entrepreneurship and social enterprise development in Estonia: In-depth policy review By OECD
  8. Investigating The Cross-National Comparability Of Testing Using Response Time By Yegor Yu. Muleev
  9. Moldova Transition to High-Value Agriculture Project Evaluation: Interim Findings By Evan Borkum; Jane Fortson; Irina Cheban; Randall Blair

  1. By: Kurakova, Natalia (Куракова, Наталья) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Zinov, Vladimir (Зинов, Владимир) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Tsvetkova, Liliya (Цветкова, Лилия) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Kurakov, Fedor (Кураков, Федор) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Eremchenko, Olga (Ерёмченко, Ольга) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: The article assesses the prospects for the perception by Russia of advanced technological knowledge borrowed in industrialized countries. A review of the episodes of 2017-2019 is presented, which makes it possible to assert that the policy of technological mercantilism is assuming ever more distinct and rigid forms. It is proposed to distinguish between the concepts of “technological mercantilism” and “technological colonization”: the first is the restriction of the process of transferring advanced commercially valuable knowledge from the leading country, the second is the inability of the technological outsider country to accept the knowledge transferred by the leading country due to the lack of the necessary set of conditions. The article analyzes the barriers that hinder the acceleration of technological development in a situation where the state assumes the role of initiator of modernization of the real sector of the economy, while companies demonstrate disinterest in the results of studies obtained in the national sector of the generation of new knowledge. The authors of the article developed a set of measures of state scientific and technological policy, recommended for targeting industrial companies as subjects of scientific and technological development of the country.
    Date: 2020–01
  2. By: Mkrtchan, Nikita (Мкртчян, Никита) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Florinskaya, Yulia (Флоринская, Юлия) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: Based on a standardized interview method, a representative survey of 2,400 households in four medium-sized cities (600 households each) - Velikiye Luki, Pskov Region, Michurinsk, Tambov Region, Buzuluk, Orenburg Region, and Chistopol, Republic of Tatarstan, revealed estimates of the prevalence of labor migration in households of cities of this type. The main comparative characteristics of the households of labor migrants and households whose members do not participate in labor migration are analyzed, to assess the role of field work as a source of household income. The results are compared with a similar method of interviewing households in small towns conducted in 2015 by the INSAP RANEPA. The study also used the results of a survey of 285 labor migrants from medium-sized cities conducted as part of the same study and materials from semi-structured in-depth interviews with 40 labor migrants from the same medium-sized cities. Their analysis revealed the costs of labor migration and the reasons for the refusal of residents of medium-sized cities to work away.
    Date: 2020–01
  3. By: Teodor Sedlarski (Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration); Oxana Bezler (Karaganda Economic University of Kazpotrebsoyuz, Karaganda, Kazakhstan)
    Abstract: Supply of the countryÕs economy with highly qualified personnel has the crucial role in effective interaction of the labor market and the higher professional education institutions, integration of their main goals and objectives. Mistakes in the market coordination of these most important market subsystems lead to nonreversible economic losses and negative social consequences since within the market conditions the economy development and the countryÕs competitiveness are largely determined by a high-quality human capital and its employment. In modern science, lots of scientific works are devoted to the interaction of the labor market and the higher education services market, while the analysis of scientific articles has shown this interaction is considered by scientists depending on the study direction, and only individual works Ð by the issues of integration between domestic markets. In this regard, the authors aim to assess the integration of the labor markets and the higher education services. However, for today, there is no clear methodology for integration the processes assessment, and the authors have attempted to adapt the assessment method proposed by Russian scientists of labor markets and professional education. The used method is based on economic-statistical analysis of the labor market development dynamics and the higher education services with defining integration type under the influence of individual factor of these markets and the use of system and structural-group data analysis. The assessment has revealed an unstable relationship between universities and potential employers which leads to personnel shortage in certain specialties.
    Keywords: flabor market; higher education services market; integration; integration factor.
    JEL: A10 I2 J6
    Date: 2019–12
  4. By: Kovalev, Sergey (Ковалев, Сергей) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Yashina, Elena (Яшина, Елена) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Lukichev, Konstantin (Лукичев, Константин) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Sorokoletov, Pavel (Сороколетов, Павел) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Turzin, Petr (Турзин, Петр) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Generalov, Andrey (Генералов, Андрей) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Evseev, Alexander (Евсеев, Александр) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration); Knutov, Artem (Кнутов, Артем) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: The analysis of factors affecting the quality and timing of the implementation of the federal telemedicine subsystem of the Unified State Information System in the field of healthcare was carried out, and the mechanism of its functioning was considered. In addition, the compliance of goals and objectives with the concept of creating and developing the telemedicine subsystem of the EHISS for the period up to 2020 was revealed, taking into account the regional specifics and needs of the priority project “Improving the organization of medical care through the implementation of information technologies” (e-Health), and the Information Development Strategy societies in the Russian Federation for 2017 - 2030.
    Date: 2020–01
  5. By: Chellaraj,Gnanaraj
    Abstract: International trade in higher education services in the form of international student mobility has increased sharply since the 1960s and especially from Eastern Europe and Central Asia since the fall of the Soviet Union. Many international students, especially those with graduate degrees, stay on in the host country after graduation. Although their impact on labor markets has been investigated by economists, geographers, and regional scientists in recent years, most studies on international students focus on education and spatial issues, with very little economic analysis. Furthermore, the application of a trade in services framework to international student mobility is virtually nonexistent. Four areas of research have emerged that need further investigation, particularly for the Europe and Central Asia region. First is the research gap on host and source country pull and push factors affecting the demand and supply of international students. Second, there is little or no understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment in higher education services, both through the establishment of branch campuses as well as direct investment by multinationals in universities. Third, there is virtually no study on the impact of international student and scholar mobility on global collaborative patents. Fourth, there are very few field experiments in international student ormigration research. These issues need to be understood for the development of appropriate policies in industrialized, emerging and developing economies, on the global mobility of students as well as establishment of branch campuses abroad.
    Date: 2019–05–07
  6. By: Benjamin Kang; James Unwin
    Abstract: We explore an application of all-pay auctions to model trade wars and territorial annexation. Specifically, in the model we consider the expected resource, production, and aggressive (military/tariff) power are public information, but actual resource levels are private knowledge. We consider the resource transfer at the end of such a competition which deprives the weaker country of some fraction of its original resources. In particular, we derive the quasi-equilibria strategies for two country conflicts under different scenarios. This work is relevant for the ongoing US-China trade war, and the recent Russian capture of Crimea, as well as historical and future conflicts.
    Date: 2020–02
  7. By: OECD
    Abstract: This report provides an in-depth analysis of the Estonian policy ecosystem in place for social innovation, social entrepreneurship and social enterprises. It identifies the country’s key strengths and challenges and provides policy recommendations to support the development of a stronger policy ecosystem for social entrepreneurship and social enterprises in the country. Key policy issues analysed include: building a culture of social innovation and social entrepreneurship (Section 2); supporting social entrepreneurship through institutional and legal frameworks (Section 3); improving access to finance and to markets to boost social entrepreneurship (Section 4 and 5); and supporting the development of social entrepreneurial skills and capacity (Section 6).
    Keywords: local development, policy ecosystem, social economy, social enterprises, social entrepreneurship, social impact, social innovation
    JEL: L31 L33
    Date: 2020–03–06
  8. By: Yegor Yu. Muleev (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Financial losses due to low demand for parking spaces in garages at residential estates is a key motivation for this research. The purpose of this paper in particular is to statistically explore the relationship between parking occupancy rates and various factors on transport supply, characteristics of location and the building. The occupancy rate of parking was measured as the ratio of actual number of cars to total number of parking spaces. The fieldwork on counting occupied parking spaces was conducted 2 times per day during a week on a sample of 13 locations in different areas of a 1.4-million Yekaterinburg city in Russia. 4700 observed parking spaces give sample size of 173 records. Statistical analysis shows that the crow-fly distance to the city center as well as the number of public transport stops are strongly associated with occupancy rate for parking. Also, occupancy rate is much more affected by the type of parking ownership. Private owning means purchase of a parking space or renting it while public ownership suggests free access. So private parking means a 45% decline in occupancy compared to the public parking regime. Research provides empirical results and some theoretical underpinnings are also highlighted.
    Keywords: parking garages, parking occupancy rate, parking performance, Russia.
    JEL: R42
    Date: 2019
  9. By: Evan Borkum; Jane Fortson; Irina Cheban; Randall Blair
    Abstract: This report describes the interim findings for the evaluation of the Transition to High-Value Agriculture Project in Moldova.
    Keywords: agriculture, irrigation, water user association, farmers, Moldova, MCC, Mathematica, THVA

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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.