nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2018‒12‒03
nine papers chosen by

  1. Regional differentiation of demographic processes in the Russian Federation By Arkhangelskiy, Vladimir (Архангельский, Владимир); Shulgin, Sergey (Шульгин, Сергей); Pustovalov, Denis (Пустовалов, Денис); Zinkina, Yulia (Зинькина, Юлия)
  2. The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Russia and its Six Greatest European Trade Partners: a Country SVAR Analysis By Morad Bali
  3. L'impact du capital intellectuel sur la performance des entreprises : Le cas des pays BRICS By Lionel Escaffre; Najla Bouabdellah; Salma Damak Ayadi
  4. How history matters for student performance: lessons from the Partitions of Poland By Bukowski, Paweł
  5. The Adaptation of the Cultural Intelligence Scale in Central and Eastern Europe By R. Boyd Johnson; Diana Mirza-Grisco
  6. Labor Precarization: Russian Empirical Evidence By Oxana Posukhova; Ludmila Klimenko; Pavlina Baldovskaya; Oxana Nor-Arevyan
  7. Monthly Report No. 5/2018 By Rumen Dobrinsky; Artem Kochnev; Sandra M. Leitner; Petra Mayrhofer
  8. Sustainable Service Quality to Meet with Customer Expectation By Benjawan Yotrawat
  9. On experience of using "1C:E-learning. Educational organization" in NWIM RANEPA By Riabova, Tatiana (Рябова, Татьяна); Lapina, Lidia (Лапина, Лидия)

  1. By: Arkhangelskiy, Vladimir (Архангельский, Владимир) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Shulgin, Sergey (Шульгин, Сергей) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Pustovalov, Denis (Пустовалов, Денис) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Zinkina, Yulia (Зинькина, Юлия) (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: In this work a typology of subjects of the Russian Federation according to the nature of population dynamics is developed, taking into account natural and migration growth. The regional differences in the level and dynamics of fertility their determinants are analized and identified;the main causes of mortality and life expectancy for Russia and for specific regions are analized.
    Date: 2017–02
  2. By: Morad Bali (CESICE - Centre d'études sur la sécurité internationale et les coopérations européennes - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)
    Abstract: The Ukrainian crisis of November 2013 has led to the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Crimea in March 2014, and its attachment to Russia. This attachment, recognised by Russia and contested by a large number of Western countries, triggered an international crisis between the Russian Federation and the West (European Union, United States of America, et cetera). As a means of applying pressure on Russia, Western countries decided to launch a set of international sanctions. This paper's goal is to assess on sanctions effects on Russian and European economies. Thus, a country structural vector autoregressive (CSVAR) model is used in order to witness the impact of a sanction shock on considered economies. To our best knowledge, this paper is the first to use a CSVAR model to study the economic growth effects of anti-Russian sanctions on the considered economies. The economic conflict repercussions are revealed on the Euro Area (19 countries), on the six biggest trade partners of Russia as a lone entity, and finally on the six biggest trade partners of Russia separately. Results witness that the shock's effects are quite different whether a sum of GDP is used or not. In addition, results reveal that Russia is the most impacted by sanctions with a quarter-on-quarter GDP growth decrease of 3.25% after 3 quarters. Yet, European economies are also negatively impacted by sanctions, even if the impact is much weaker: -0.075% for Finland, -0.025% for France, -0.0125% for Germany, -0.012% for Italy, and -0.063% for Poland. As a consequence, we can say that the own coercive measures of European countries have a negative impact on their economies.
    Keywords: Russian economy,European economies,Economic sanctions,International crisis,Vector autoregressive models,Crise internationale,Economies européennes,Sanctions économiques,Economie russe,Crise ukrainienne
    Date: 2018
  3. By: Lionel Escaffre (Granem - Groupe de Recherche ANgevin en Economie et Management - UA - Université d'Angers - AGROCAMPUS OUEST - Institut National de l'Horticulture et du Paysage); Najla Bouabdellah; Salma Damak Ayadi
    Abstract: The purpose of our current study is to study the impact of intellectual capital on the economic, financial and stock market performance of public enterprises in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS). Descriptive, documentary and quantitative research was used to conceptualise a research of the companies of the various sectors of activity. Data analysis was done using multiple linear regression to interpret asset return (ROA), return on investment (ROI) and market capitalization (MBV). To evaluate the research hypotheses, a multi-variate linear analysis was used for 1,090 observations over the period from 2010 to 2014. During the period analyzed, the results indicate the presence of several statistically significant relationships between the dependent variables and independent, indicating the influence of intellectual capital on the financial and economic performance of firms in the BRICS countries.
    Abstract: L'objectif de notre étude actuelle est d'étudier l'impact du capital intellectuel sur la performance économique, financière et boursière des entreprises publiques au Brésil, en Russie, en Inde, en Chine et en Afrique du Sud (BRICS). Des recherches descriptives, documentaires et quantitatives ont été utilisées pour conceptualiser un panel d'entreprises des différents secteurs d'activité. L'analyse des données a été faite par l'utilisation de régressions linéaires multiples pour interpréter le rendement des actifs (ROA), le rendement des capitaux investis (ROI) et la capitalisation boursière (MBV). Pour évaluer les hypothèses de recherche, une analyse linéaire multi variée a été utilisée pour 1090 observations sur la période allant de 2010 jusqu'à 2014. Au cours de la période analysée, les résultats indiquent la présence de plusieurs relations statistiquement significatives entre les variables dépendantes et indépendantes, indiquant l'influence du capital intellectuel sur la performance financière et économique des entreprises des pays BRICS.
    Keywords: intellectual capital,business performance,emerging countries,capital intellectuel,performance des entreprises,les pays émergents
    Date: 2017–05–30
  4. By: Bukowski, Paweł
    Abstract: This paper examines the effect on current student performance of the 19th century Partitions of Poland among Austria, Prussia and Russia. Using a regression discontinuity design, I show that student test scores are 0.6 standard deviations higher on the Austrian side of the former Austrian-Russian border, despite the modern similarities of the three regions. However, I do not find evidence for differences across the Prussian-Russian border. Using a theoretical model and indirect evidence, I argue that the Partitions have persisted through their impact on social norms toward local schools. Nevertheless, the persistent effect of Austria is puzzling, given the historical similarities of the Austrian and Prussian education systems. I argue that the differential legacy of Austria and Prussia originates from the Austrian Empire’s policy to promote Polish identity in schools and the Prussian Empire’s efforts to Germanize the Poles through education.
    JEL: I20 J24 N30 O15
    Date: 2018–11–06
  5. By: R. Boyd Johnson (Indiana Wesleyan University); Diana Mirza-Grisco (Cultural Intelligence in Eastern Europe Project)
    Abstract: The cross-cultural adaptation of quantitative research instruments represents a challenging process that requires methodological exactness. A good example is the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS). Even though the CQS has been used in 98 countries, there are few studies which examine the transferability of cultural intelligence concepts in former socialist countries (Barnes, Johnson, Buko, 2010). In cross-cultural research it is essential to take into consideration how other cultures interpret and view concepts and questions, since it has a direct impact on the answers of respondents and empirical findings (Bostjancic, Beljak, Johnson, 2016). This presentation will report on an empirical example of cross-cultural adaptation of research instruments, carried out by a global team from the USA and Europe. It is based on the adaptation of the Cultural Intelligence Scale (CQS), which measures the capability of a person to relate and work effectively in culturally diverse situations. The CQS contains four factors: metacognitive, cognitive, motivational and behavioral. The authors discuss their approach of adapting the cultural intelligence scale in four countries from Central and Eastern Europe, taking into consideration different cultural nuances across geographical lines: Ukraine, Republic of Moldova (two former soviet republics), Slovenia and Serbia (two former Yugoslav repubics). In each of the four countries the same methodology was applied with the intent to adjust the CQ scale and then measure cultural intelligence nation-wide in representative studies (over 1000 respondents). The authors discuss the three stages used to adapt the CQ instrument: first, using forward and back translation, second, focus groups with two different types of local populations in each country, and third, pilot studies with university students. Throughout, the results were assessed together with local experts. The statistical analyses of the adapted scale (in each country) demonstrated very high reliability and that the factor structure fits the four subscales. This research offers new insights for CQ competency application in intercultural management and leadership studies, and in social sciences for both academics and practitioners.
    Keywords: cross-cultural instrument adaptation, cultural intelligence, focus group, transferability.
    Date: 2018–11
  6. By: Oxana Posukhova (Southern Federal University); Ludmila Klimenko (Southern Federal University); Pavlina Baldovskaya (Southern Federal University); Oxana Nor-Arevyan (Southern Federal University)
    Abstract: In the conditions of educational and health institutions reforming and a series of economic crises, representatives of social-oriented helping professions move to the precarization zone. Based on the survey conducted in the spring of 2017 (2,054 school teachers and 870 physicians in state organizations in Moscow, Rostov-on-Don and Kazan), signs of precracious labor were identified: instability, the risk of job loss/changing, an increase in workload, not accompanied by higher wages, social and economic vulnerability. The empirical data shows that despite the satisfactory self-assessment of socially-oriented professionals' life, the level of precarious labor is higher for teachers from provincial cities and lower in the capital schools. In the field of health care, the extent of precarization is approximately the same in the different cities. Most teachers and doctors are concerned about the growth of workload without increasing wages and the risks of job loss. The majority of representatives of helping professions do not agree with the fact that the state effectively solves the social and economic problems of teaching. At the same time, interviewed teachers and doctors will take a rather passive attitude in case of violation of their labor rights. Nothing will be done by more than a half of all respondents. However, the excessive regulation of school teachers and physicians, on the one hand, and the continuing high demand for the work of schools and hospitals on the other, are associated with the risk of social tension increase in the Russian society.
    Keywords: labor precarization, helping professions, school teachers, physicians, instability, workload, vulnerability
    JEL: J28 J81 A13
    Date: 2018–11
  7. By: Rumen Dobrinsky (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Artem Kochnev; Sandra M. Leitner (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Petra Mayrhofer
    Abstract: Graph of the month Eco-Innovation (EI) Index, 2011 and 2017 (p. 1) Forty-five years of wiiw A look at the founding history of the Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies (by Petra Mayrhofer; pp. 2-5) Exploring the separatist-controlled areas of Ukraine from outer space (by Artem Kochnev; pp. 6‑12) The drivers and effects of eco-innovations what is the role of public policy intervention? (by Sandra M. Leitner; pp. 13‑16) European Innovation Partnerships How efficient have they been in promoting innovation in the EU? (by Rumen Dobrinsky; pp. 17-22) Statistical Annex Monthly and quarterly statistics for Central, East and Southeast Europe (pp. 23‑44) Index of subjects (pp. 45-46)
    Keywords: innovation, wiiw, economics and remote sensing, innovation, eco-innovation, public policy intervention, European Innovation Partnerships,
    Date: 2018–05
  8. By: Benjawan Yotrawat (Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University)
    Abstract: One of the strengths of Thai tourism is the high standard of service quality of Thai hotels. Therefore, it is vital for Thai hotel industry to maintain and ameliorate the service quality in a sustainable way. The question is whether the high standard of service quality meets with customers? expectation or not. The purposes of this research were to examine the level of satisfaction in ten areas of services from the perspectives of international tourists whether their expectations of the service quality have been met or not. The population of study included all international tourists who visited Thailand the first quarter of year 2018. A total of 400 samples was interviewed with English questionnaire. The findings revealed that in general the respondents had a very high expectation of service quality and the majority of their expectations in ten areas of services had been fulfilled. There were two areas of service quality that needed to be improve which were transportation services and ability to communicate in other languages such as Russia, Arabic, and Chinese.
    Keywords: Service Quality, Customer Expectation, International Tourists
    JEL: Y80
    Date: 2018–11
  9. By: Riabova, Tatiana (Рябова, Татьяна) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (North-West Institute of Management of RANEPA)); Lapina, Lidia (Лапина, Лидия) (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (North-West Institute of Management of RANEPA))
    Abstract: The paper describes the experience of creating lecture materials for e-learning courses available in NWIM RANEPA.
    Keywords: e-course, lecture, editing materials in 1C system
    Date: 2018–11

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NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.