nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2017‒07‒16
five papers chosen by

  1. Challenges of DCFTAs: How can Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine succeed? By Amat Adarov; Peter Havlik
  2. Les échanges de bovins vivants et de viande bovine dans le monde et dans l’UE : trajectoires productives et commerciales des principaux pays impliqués By Vincent Chatellier
  3. Inflation persistence in BRICS countries: A quantile autoregressive (QAR) model By Phiri, Andrew
  4. Georgia's post-accession structural reform challenges By Arveladze, G.; Smeets, Maarten
  5. Проблемы продовольственного обеспечения нуждающихся слоев населения:концептуальные основы, инфраструктура, ресурсная база, земельные ресурсы для производства экологически чистого продовольствия, государственная поддержка в рамках норм ВТО. By Stukach, Victor; Starovoytova, Nataliy

  1. By: Amat Adarov (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw); Peter Havlik (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw)
    Abstract: The imbalance between the costs and benefits of DCFTAs is a call to the EU to display greater thoughtfulness and pragmatism if it does not want to lose support for reforms in its neighbourhood. What has to happen so that their potential can be more beneficial? The Policy Brief written by Amat Adarov and Peter Havlik in cooperation with Bertelsmann Stiftung discusses the policy implications of the agreements.
    Keywords: DCFTA; Association Agreement; EU Neighbourhood Policy; Georgia, Moldova, Ukraine; economic integration; policy impact evaluation
    Date: 2017–06
  2. By: Vincent Chatellier
    Abstract: The increase in beef consumption in several Asian countries is helping to strengthen competitive games between the world's leading beef exporters, including Australia, India, Brazil and the United States. The main importers of beef and veal, including the United States, China (with Hong-Kong), Japan and Russia, have some differentiated trajectories according to changes in domestic demand for beef and veal, sanitary conditions in supplier countries and sometimes geopolitical issues. The European Union, which is experiencing both a decline in its production and consumption of beef, is not a major player in international trade in this sector. Domestic demand is largely satisfied by European products and significant flows of live cattle and beef take place between Member States. Using the available customs databases both on a global scale (Comtrade and Baci) and the European Union (Comext), this article proposes an analysis on the evolution of the productive and commercial situation of the main players in the beef cattle sector for the period 2000 to 2015.
    Keywords: international trade, exchange, exports, imports, beef, live cattle
    JEL: Q13 Q17
    Date: 2017
  3. By: Phiri, Andrew
    Abstract: Using the recently-introduced quantile autoregression methodology (QAR), this study contributes to the ever-expanding empirical literature by investigating the persistence in inflation for BRICS countries using quarterly time series data collected between 1996 to 2016. Our empirical analysis reveals two crucial findings. Firstly, for all estimated regressions, persistence in moderate to high inflation rates in the QAR regression exhibits unit root tendencies. Secondly, we note that inflation persistence varies across different time horizons corresponding to periods priori and subsequent to the global financial crisis. These findings have important implications for Central Banks in BRICs countries.
    Keywords: BRICS; Emerging economies; Inflation persistence; Quantile regression.
    JEL: C31 E31
    Date: 2017–06–29
  4. By: Arveladze, G.; Smeets, Maarten
    Abstract: The process leading to WTO accession is complex, requires solid domestic coordination mechanisms in the acceding country, a rethinking of its economic and trade policies and significant domestic structural reforms. It often implies the creation of new institutions designed to coordinate and implement the policies at the national level, as was the case in Georgia. The analysis offered in this working paper addresses some of the challenges that Georgia faced during its WTO accession and the many economic reforms that were undertaken after it became a full member of the WTO in 2000. Today, Georgia has one of the most liberal trade regimes and largely benefits from the new trade opportunities that WTO accession has offered. Even though Georgia has been a WTO member for long, it continues its domestic economic reforms in order to further strengthen its international competitiveness for goods and services. This working paper discusses the various measures taken by Georgia and how it uses and implements some of the main WTO provisions to that effect. This includes the ratification of the TFA by Georgia as part of its commitment to reduce transaction costs, enhance efficiency and reduce lengthy and costly administrative processes at the border. Trade capacity building at the technical level has also contributed to human and institutional capacity building in Georgia and developing a better understanding of the rights and obligations of WTO membership thus facilitating Georgia's fuller integration into the multilateral trading system.
    Keywords: trade policy,negotiations,structural adjustment,post-accession,policy coherence
    JEL: F13 F15 F53
    Date: 2017
  5. By: Stukach, Victor; Starovoytova, Nataliy
    Abstract: The paper considers the problems of food provision for the needy strata of the population: conceptual framework, infrastructure, resource support; Restoration of degraded land for the production of environmentally friendly food; State support of economic entities in the sphere of production and processing within the framework of the green box of WTO norms. It is proposed to form food chains and infrastructure of the food industry; Create conditions for effective competition in the field of trade in food; To develop payment systems for targeted assistance to the population; Use the resource of trade network structures in the development of the region's logistics potential. The publication is designed for employees of government and municipal government, infrastructure links of the food security system, social protection of the population. Recommended for use in the educational process of universities Samary.The work on the development of the WFP system of the region is proposed to be classified according to the spheres of activity: - in the sphere of state support - gradual expansion of state guarantees; - in the field of domestic food aid - the formation of public-private partnership in the creation and organization of the functioning of enterprises of the infrastructure complex; Change in the structure of funds previously directed to direct support of agricultural producers; Coordination of interaction between participants in the production, social, credit, financial and trade spheres; Functioning of the settlement and payment system; - in the scientific and technological sphere - the development of the infrastructure of the food industry, the technological equipment of the cooking process by eliminating losses in certain areas; - in the development of the resource base of foodstuffs - an increase in the volume of agricultural production, an increase in the production capacities of processing enterprises, the optimization of food flows in the technological cycle; - in changing the architecture of the trading process - the introduction of production and logistics centers in the product chains, which will allow manufacturers, bypassing trade networks, to increase the amount of conditioned food that meets technological requirements; Use of resources of transnational trading network structures in development of logistical potential of regions. The model of the industrial production and logistics complex "Industry of Social Nutrition" is proposed. Optimization of logistics operations, with regard to the introduction of production and logistics centers in the product chains, will increase the resource base of supplies by 10-15%, will allow to exclude certain redistributions (freezing, spoilage and losses), reduce production costs, reduce the price of farm products, and increase its competitiveness.
    Keywords: Keywords. Food assistance to the needy population, degraded land for the production of environmentally friendly food, government support for food security for the WTO's "green box" requirements, production and logistics centers for megacities.
    JEL: Q13 Q15 Q16 Q18 Q2
    Date: 2016–12

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