nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2016‒11‒06
six papers chosen by

  1. Market Quality in the Russian Far East from the Viewpoint of Company Management : Preliminary Report on Microeconomic Comparative Analysis with European Regions By Arai, Hirofumi; Iwasaki, Ichiro
  2. Universal Dependencies for Russian: A New Syntactic Dependencies Tagset By Olga Lyashevskaya; Kira Droganova; Daniel Zeman; Maria Alexeeva; Tatiana Gavrilova; Nina Mustafina; Elena Shakurova
  3. The Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital and Earnings in Contemporary Russia By Borisov, Gleb V.; Pissarides, Christopher A.
  4. Weak Signals on the Future of Mobile Commerce in Russia By Ozcan Saritas; Leonid Gokhberg; Pavel Bakhtin; Ilya F. Kuzminov
  5. Mechanisms and projects for reducing greenhouse gases emissions in Russia By Bukvić, Rajko; Kartavykh, Marina; Zakharov, Vladimir
  6. Soviet Foreign Trade Earnings Revisited By Kuboniwa, Masaaki; Tabata, Shinichiro; Nakamura, Yasushi

  1. By: Arai, Hirofumi; Iwasaki, Ichiro
    Abstract: In the framework of the project titled “Market Quality in the Russian Far East from the Viewpoint of Company Management” initiated by the Economic Research Institute for Northeast Asia (ERINA), a Japan–Russia research team carried out a large-scale questionnaire survey of Russian firms located in 17 federal subjects from October to December 2015 (ERINA Enterprise Survey). In this paper, we briefly describe the background, purpose, and organization of the project and report the chronology, outline, and preliminary results of the enterprise survey.
    JEL: D22 L22 P25 P31 R11
    Date: 2016–10
  2. By: Olga Lyashevskaya (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Kira Droganova (Charles University); Daniel Zeman (Charles University); Maria Alexeeva (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Tatiana Gavrilova (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Nina Mustafina (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Elena Shakurova (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: This paper presents the Universal Dependencies tagset (UD v1) as a new annotation scheme for Russian treebanks. The universal list of dependency relations was adopted and extended to comply with certain language-specific syntactic constructions. The tagset was validated, converting two Russian treebanks into the UD format, UD-Russian-SynTagRus and UD-Russian-Google.
    Keywords: natural language processing, dependency parsing, universal dependencies, Russian language
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2016
  3. By: Borisov, Gleb V. (St. Petersburg State University); Pissarides, Christopher A. (London School of Economics)
    Abstract: We make use of longitudinal data for the Russian economy over 1994-2013 to obtain earnings and education information about parents and children. We estimate the intergenerational transmission of educational attainment and earning capacity and find high intergenerational correlation of earnings for both sons and daughters independently of educational qualifications. We attribute them to the impact of informal networks. We also find high correlation of educational qualifications but with critical variations due to labour market conditions. At the time of transition around 1990 children's educational attainment fell well below parents but recovered a decade later when the economy was booming.
    Keywords: human capital, intergenerational education mobility, intergenerational earnings elasticity, Russia
    JEL: J21 J23 J24 J62 O15
    Date: 2016–10
  4. By: Ozcan Saritas (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Leonid Gokhberg (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Pavel Bakhtin (National Research University Higher School of Economics); Ilya F. Kuzminov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: In parallel to the developments in the Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), mobile commerce (m-commerce) has become a large business and technology area with ever-growing market potentials. Comparable to the rest of the world, the m-commerce sector has been developing rapidly in Russia, which provides opportunities for domestic and international enterprises. There are a number of favorable conditions, such as major advancements in the software and smart devices industries, availability of a skilled workforce with a good educational base, a technology-prone society, and increasing public and corporate investments, which reinforce the development of m-commerce. The present study aims to explore the future trends and developments in the m-commerce sector, by focusing on the Weak Signals of emerging future developments in society, technology, economy, environment and policy. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques, the study reviews the evolution of the m-commerce in the world and in Russia, and then presents a set of 10 Weak Signals, which were generated using technology mining, patent analysis, literature review, interviews and consultations through expert workshops. The paper discusses future opportunities and threats concerning m-commerce along with critical technologies for Russia for the full exploitation of the potentials in the sector
    Keywords: Mobile commerce, Information and Communication Technologies, Weak Signals, Foresight, Russi
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2016
  5. By: Bukvić, Rajko; Kartavykh, Marina; Zakharov, Vladimir
    Abstract: The article considers the problem of reduction of greenhouse gases emissions, one of the main anthropogenic causes of increasing carbon concentration in the atmosphere, and consequently the global climate change. In the second half of the XX century many schemes for involving market mechanism in solving these problems were proposed. These efforts increased in the last decade of XX century and finally the Kyoto Protocol supported many flexible mechanisms, as a solution for these problems. In spite of all these efforts, during the first period of its implementation (2008–2012) the emissions of carbon increased. This issue has been especially pronounced in Russia, one of the main global emitters. The paper explores the mechanisms and projects in Russia, and its importance for reducing the GHG emissions and fulfilling the commitments of Kyoto Protocol and other international documents.
    Keywords: greenhouse gases (GHG), the Kyoto Protocol, flexible mechanisms, Russian actions
    JEL: H23 K32 L51 Q53 Q56 Q57
    Date: 2015
  6. By: Kuboniwa, Masaaki; Tabata, Shinichiro; Nakamura, Yasushi
    Abstract: Soviet statistics authorities attempted to incorporate foreign trade earnings into national income, based on a unique formula. First, we clarify that they must have applied the so called Burge-Geary system for trading gain or terms of trade to their specific accounting in a different context. Then we prove that this Soviet practice should have been corrected. Second, demonstrating our estimate of Soviet foreign trade earnings by using Soviet official data on foreign trade and input-output tables, we explore implications of our estimate. We further look at how present Russia has succeeded to the Soviet statistical and institutional legacies of foreign trade earnings in the national accounting.
    Keywords: Soviet Union, special foreign trade earnings, foreign trade tax, national accounting, input-output table
    JEL: E01 P33 P51
    Date: 2016–10

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