nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2016‒10‒23
five papers chosen by

  1. Coping with Consequences of a Housing Crisis during Great War: A Case of Right-Bank Ukraine in 1914-1918 By Konstantin A. Kholodilin; Tymofiy Gerasymov
  2. Statistical research of development of integration processes in Russian agriculture By Demichev, Vadim
  3. Анализ проблем формирования политики в сфере заработной платы в Российской Федерации By Bolsheva, Anna.; Anna Bolsheva.
  4. The financial systems in Russia and Turkey: recent developments and challenges By Simone Auer; Emidio Cocozza; Andrea COlabella
  5. The Impact of War on Happiness: the Case of Ukraine By Tom Coupé; Maksym Obrizan

  1. By: Konstantin A. Kholodilin; Tymofiy Gerasymov
    Abstract: World War I led to radical changes in the government policy of participating countries. The enormous demographic and economic disturbances caused by the war forced the governments of all the belligerent nations to drastically restrict the market freedom. In particular, the state began actively intervening in the housing market. Ukraine as a part of the former Russian Empire, for the first time in its history saw the introduction of rent controls and protection of tenants from eviction. This paper concentrates on the government intervention in the rental housing market of Right-Bank Ukraine during World War I (1914–1918). It identifies the factors that made the state intervene in the relationships between landlords and tenants, analyzes changes in the housing legislation, and assesses the effectiveness of the regulations.
    Keywords: rental housing market; rent controls; tenant protection; government regulations; World War I; Right-Bank Ukraine
    JEL: C22 N43 O18
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Demichev, Vadim
    Abstract: The article is devoted to the main directions of improving the analysis of integration processes in Russian agriculture. By the integration processes, we mean the development of cooperation, agricultural holdings and agrarian clusters. The article describes the history of agricultural cooperation and the role of cooperatives in the development of integration processes. A key point is the study of integration from the perspective of agricultural holdings’ formation, as the largest vertically integrated structures specializing in the production and deep processing of agricultural raw materials and products. Based on analysis of materials published on the websites and information portals, investigated the activities of 82 existing Russian agricultural holdings. The geography of agricultural holdings, their structure and specialization, the amount of resources available to the agricultural holdings in their production activities was evaluated as a result of the study. Particular attention is given to the leaders of the production of basic agricultural products. The most complex integration system in Russian agriculture is an agrarian clusters based on such structures as cooperatives and agricultural holdings. The highlights five main approaches to the study of agricultural clusters, the main of which is the general improvement of the statistics of the agricultural sector, the development of the current statistical reporting and analysis, the improvement of sample survey of peasant farms’ and individual entrepreneurs’ activities, expanding the program All-Russian agricultural census and organization of sample surveys of agricultural holdings’ activity. To analyze the feasibility of agrarian clusters establishing, the program screening the prerequisites for the formation of clusters in the agricultural region is proposed. The implementation of the directions presented in this article, significantly enhance the objectivity of the analysis of integration processes in Russian agriculture.
    Keywords: Integration, cooperation, agricultural holdings, statistical research, agricultural census, scorecard, agricultural clusters, factor of attraction.
    JEL: Q13
    Date: 2016–10–17
  3. By: Bolsheva, Anna.; Anna Bolsheva.
    Keywords: wage differential, wage determination, minimum wage, trend, Russian Federation
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Simone Auer (Bank of Italy); Emidio Cocozza (Bank of Italy); Andrea COlabella (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: Following the severe financial crises of the 1990s and early 2000s, substantial efforts have been undertaken in Russia and Turkey to diversify and deepen the financial systems. However, despite unquestionable improvements, financial deepening in Russia and Turkey has taken place at a slower pace than in other major emerging economies. Our paper highlights that this is in part a consequence of a highly volatile economic environment and deep-seated institutional and structural bottlenecks. Though authorities in both countries have committed to sounder economic policies and have implemented important structural reforms to improve the institutional environment and overcome structural weaknesses, over time reform fatigue has gradually taken hold. As a consequence significant gaps and weaknesses in the institutional and business environments still characterize, to a different degree, Russia and Turkey. These factors have not only slowed the development of the financial system as a whole, but have also contributed to the build-up of key vulnerabilities, which have come to the fore more recently in the context of a less supportive external environment.
    Keywords: exhaustible resources, financial deepening, institutional quality, international banking, international finance, Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, Turkey
    JEL: E65 G21 O43 O57 P17 P27 P34 P52 Q32
    Date: 2016–10
  5. By: Tom Coupé (University of Canterbury); Maksym Obrizan
    Abstract: In this paper, we study how war affects happiness using data from the on-going conflict in Ukraine. Using a difference-in-difference design, we find that the average level of happiness declined substantially in areas that experience war directly, with the drop in happiness being roughly comparable to the loss of happiness a relatively well-off person would experience if he/she were to become a poor person. At the same time, despite the fact that the war in the East dominates the local media in Ukraine, respondents in other regions of Ukraine are about as happy as they were before the war.
    Keywords: Happiness; War; Ukraine
    JEL: I3 N44
    Date: 2016–10–13

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