nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2016‒09‒25
sixteen papers chosen by

  1. Does working abroad affect political opinions? Evidence from Moldova By Ruxanda Berlinschi
  2. Modern Approaches to the Analysis of Ethnic and Religious Specifics of Russian Regions By Pinkevich, V.K.; Storchak, V.M.; Kravchuk, V.V.
  3. Latest Trends in Mobility in Russia: Spatial Mobility as a Key Factor in Upward Social Mobility By Stepantsov, Pavel
  4. Outward Foreign Direct Investment from BRIC countries: Comparing strategies of Brazilian, Russian, Indian and Chinese multinational companies By Wladimir Andreff
  5. The Evolution of Corporate Governance in the Global Financial Crisis : The Case of Russian Industrial Firms By Iwasaki, Ichiro
  6. A Spatial Knowledge Production Function Approach for the Regions of the Russian Federation By Jens K. Perret
  7. Структурні виклики в системі виробництва та зовнішньої торгівлі для України: європейська інтеграція чи її імітація By Кончин, Вадим
  8. Diversification of production of agricultural products in terms of import substitution By Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna
  9. Improving the strategic planning of economic development as a factor in improving the competitiveness of the national economy By Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna
  10. Vertical Restraints in B2B Contracts: The Impact of Competition and Competitiveness By Avdasheva, Svetlana
  11. Детерминанты пенсионного возраста: обзор исследований By Даниелян, Владимир
  12. Areas of state support of small farms in agriculture By Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna
  13. Development and Analysis of Strategies for Selecting Models of Mixed Market Participants By Levin, Mark; Busygin, V.; Popova, E.V.
  14. Analysis of production and economic potential of the industry of dairy farming with the use of the tracer method By Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna; Dzhamalodinova Nanish Asadulaevna
  15. Audit of the Realised Sampling of Appartamental Personal Survey By Rogozin, Dmitriy M.; Galieva, Nadezhda; Vyugovskaya, Elena
  16. Diversification of livestock production in the Saratov region as a factor strengthening the regional food market By Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna

  1. By: Ruxanda Berlinschi
    Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of work experience abroad on political opinions using survey data from Moldova, a former soviet republic caught in an ideological battle between Russia and the West, with high emigration rates to both destinations. Contrarily to studies conducted in Africa or Latin America, we find no effect of past migration on democratic participation or on critical governance assessment. Likewise, no effect is found on domestic policy preferences. The one dimension strongly associated with migration experience is geopolitical preference, whereby return migrants from former Soviet countries are more likely to support closer ties with Russia, while return migrants from Western countries show higher support for EU integration, controlling for economic, demographic and ethnic confounding factors. For identification, we instrument individual migration with district level migrant networks. IV regressions show that only work experience in Western countries affects geopolitical preferences.
    Keywords: return migration, political opinions, Moldova, survey data.
    JEL: P3 J61 D72 D83
    Date: 2016
  2. By: Pinkevich, V.K. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Storchak, V.M. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Kravchuk, V.V. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The historical peculiarities of Russia as a multi-confessional and multi-ethnic state, and current challenges associated with the global reformation of the world, strengthening the religious factor activity, the development of religious fundamentalism and radicalism, the increasing role of ethnic identity, necessitate the analysis of ethnic and religious specificity of regions of Russia, given the intensification of migration processes who became one of the major factors of influence on the regional political situation. In recent decades, the Russian Federation is faced with the consequences of a foreign (mainly from neighboring countries, primarily from the Central Asian states) and internal (mainly from the North Caucasus republics) migration, greatly changing social and demographic situation and in many ways provoking social and political activity of the ethnic and religious factors. Analysis of ethnic and religious specifics of Russian regions will allow the regional and federal governments to improve the mechanisms of ethno-national, cultural and social policy, to carry out preventive measures aimed at reducing the risks of ethnic and religious conflict, interfaith and intercultural conflicts.
    Keywords: multi-confessional state, multi-ethnic state, migration, Russian Federation
    Date: 2016–05–30
  3. By: Stepantsov, Pavel (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: This work addresses causes and factors of social mobility in contemporary Russia. As one of key determinants of social mobility the role of spatial migration is stressed. Further its impact on social capital, increasing welfare and life chances of Russian population is analised. Basing on the results obtained groups of potential mobility are figured out.
    Keywords: mobility, social capital, migration, life chances
    Date: 2016–05–30
  4. By: Wladimir Andreff (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)
    Abstract: An overall comparative study of outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) from BRIC countries and strategies conducted by multinational companies (MNCs) based in the BRICs is elaborated on with a same methodology for Brazil, Russia, India and China. The comparison pertains to the historical emergence of firms' internationalisation, their booming expansion in the 2000s then their muddling through the current crisis, the specificities of OFDI from each home country, OFDI geographical distribution and industrial structure, econometric testing of the respective determinants of Brazilian, Russian, Indian and Chinese OFDI, and the role of home countries' governments vis-à-vis home-based MNCs. Beyond some common characteristics, BRICs' MNCs exhibit a number of major country-specific features.
    Keywords: multinational companies, BRICs,Outward foreign direct investment
    Date: 2016–02–01
  5. By: Iwasaki, Ichiro
    Abstract: In this paper, using a unique dataset of industrial firms obtained from enterprise surveys conducted across the Russian Federation in 2005 and 2009, we trace back structural changes in the corporate governance system before and after the global financial crisis. We also empirically examine the impacts of the crisis on the organization of boards of directors and audit systems. Our survey results reveal that, in the Russian industrial sector, the quality of corporate governance has been improved through the crisis. Furthermore, we found that, corresponding to the alignment hypothesis, in firms that decisively reformed their management and supervisory bodies in response to the 2008 financial shock, the total number of worker representative directors significantly declined, as did their proportion to all board members. On the other hand, we also found that, in firms that substantially reorganized their audit system to cope with the crisis, the independence of the audit system was undermined remarkably, corresponding to the expropriation hypothesis. Findings that management behaviors predicted by the two conflicting hypotheses are simultaneously detected—and that their targets are significantly different—deserve special mention.
    Keywords: global financial crisis, the evolution of corporate governance, alignment versus expropriation, Russia
    JEL: D22 G01 G34 M42 P34
    Date: 2016–09
  6. By: Jens K. Perret (Europäisches Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsbeziehungen (EIIW))
    Abstract: At the core of every national innovation system two concepts are of central importance: The generation and the diffusion of innovations and ergo knowledge; on the one hand inside the system itself and on the other across the system's borders. The present study picks up on the aspect of knowledge generation in the context of the Russian Federation. An extended knowledge production function is estimated on the basis of Russian regional data and it is shown that the Russian NIS, nationally as well as internationally, is functional, however, not all channels of knowledge transfer work as efficiently as those in comparable Western European countries.
    Keywords: Knowledge Production Function, Russian Federation, National Innovation System, Panel Econometrics, Regional Economics, Patent Data
    JEL: O31 R11 R15 P25
    Date: 2016–08
  7. By: Кончин, Вадим
    Abstract: The article is devoted to the content of the principle of comparative advantage in the country's production system and foreign trade and its key role in the early stages of implementation of the Agreement on Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area between Ukraine and the European Union. The assessment methodology of commodity and sectoral revealed comparative advantage of the country's foreign trade in relationship with factors of natural comparative advantage in production is presented. The structural analysis of Ukraine’s foreign trade with the world and extra with the EU-28 is conducted, including estimation of trade openness degree of commodity production sectors, FDI and also Ukraine’s commodity and sectoral revealed comparative advantages /their absence. The main indicators of Ukrainian commodity production by sector (economic activity) are calculated. The data set of parameters and characteristics of commodity production by sectors and the results of foreign trade are constructed. The statistic relationship between Ukraine’s commodity production indicators and foreign trade results for world and extra for the EU-28 are found. The degree of optimum for trade model between Ukraine and the EU at the start of implementation of the Agreement on free trade area is estimated. Proposals to strengthen the commodity production and trade relations optimality for Ukraine with EU are given.
    Keywords: deep and comprehensive free trade area between Ukraine and the EU, the principle of comparative advantage, revealed comparative advantage, the natural comparative advantage, RCA-index, international specialization, sectors of commodity production, productivity, labor unit costs, capital intensity, the optimal model of foreign trade
    JEL: F11 F14 F15 P33
    Date: 2016–05–30
  8. By: Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration)
    Abstract: The article reveals the essence and purpose of the diversification of agricultural production in the conditions of import substitution. Settle the causes that gave rise to the need to deepen the process of diversification of agricultural production to meet the requirements of import substitution in Russia.
    Keywords: diversification, import substitution, agricultural products
    Date: 2016
  9. By: Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration)
    Abstract: The article shows the results of the analysis of the competitiveness of the national economy. The conclusion that the state strategic planning in the Russian Federation should be focused on improving the competitiveness of the national economy. List the main strategic decisions aimed at improving the competitiveness of the national economy.
    Keywords: Strategic planning, competitiveness, national economy
    Date: 2015
  10. By: Avdasheva, Svetlana (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: The result of arduous development of the theory of vertical restraints has become seemingly trivial conclusion that their use may or may restrict competition, and encourage her. The main difference between the conditions of competition-restricting conditions vertical agreements from the horizontal - they ban could have a dramatically negative impact on competitiveness. That's why in the center of the global practice of antitrust prohibitions against vertical restraints is generally balanced approach. European competition law - as well as Russia - criticized for being too wide a range of prohibitions on the letter of the law (per se). However, the central problem of the use of bans in Russia is used as a sign of self-violation of the law infringement of interests of participants of the contractual relationship.
    Keywords: vertical restraints, antitrust, balanced approach, international comparisons
    Date: 2016–05–30
  11. By: Даниелян, Владимир
    Abstract: The paper reviews literature on retirement with focus on retirement age determinants. We consider eighteen such determinants including individual characteristics of a worker, family factors, pension system features and socio-economic determinants. We explore, describe and compare findings of both theoretical and empirical works to reveal some stylized facts of older person’s retirement behavior as well as presented in the literature explanations of those facts. By doing that we find existing in the literature discrepancies and sum up considered results to put forward some proposals for future research. Next we try to look how some considered factors impact on Russian workforce and compare it with situation in other countries, using obtained in review information as a background. Предлагается аналитический обзор исследований, посвященных вопросу о том, какие факторы определяют возраст ухода работников с рынка труда. Рассмотрены восемнадцать различных детерминант, включая индивидуальные характеристики работника, семейные факторы, параметры пенсионной системы, социально-экономические характеристики страны. В каждом случае описываются и сопоставляются результаты как теоретических, так и эмпирических работ. Такой подход позволил выявить имеющиеся в литературе разногласия и сформулировать вопросы, подлежащие дальнейшему изучению. В свете полученных выводов представлен сравнительный анализ факторов, влияющих на возраст прекращения трудовой деятельности в России и за рубежом.
    Keywords: детерминанты пенсионного возраста, экономическая активность пожилых, неявный налог пенсионной системы, тестирование нуждаемости, продолжительность жизни, НТП, культурные особенности, retirement age determinants, labor force participation of the older workers, social security implicit tax, income test, life expectancy, technical change, cultural characteristics.
    JEL: H31 H55 J14 J22 J26
    Date: 2016
  12. By: Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration)
    Abstract: The paper analyzes the level of development of small farms in agriculture in Russia and systematized problems, which have a negative impact on it. Offered the main directions of further development of state support of small business in agriculture, in which conditions will be created to encourage citizens to implement effective business activities
    Keywords: Small forms of business, agriculture, government support
    Date: 2015
  13. By: Levin, Mark (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Busygin, V. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Popova, E.V. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: Many industries in both developing and developed countries are similar to mixed markets. We see coexistence of public and private firms in education, health, research, etc. The role of state enterprises has long been a subject of theoretical debate. Government can indirect influence the behavior of private enterprises through the promotion particular behavior of state enterprises operating in the same industry. The experience of nationalization and privatization shows that interaction between public and private enterprises in Russian economy cannot be described by traditional models of “mixed oligopoly”. We consider the simplest case of a mixed structure - a duopoly with a private firm and one state-owned company. We compare the objective functions of private, cooperative and state-owned firms, analyze oligopolistic markets, consisting of public and private firms, and consisting of private and cooperative firms, investigate the model of equilibrium in mixed markets in the presence of external effects, study innovative activity in mixed markets.
    Keywords: industry, nationalization, privatization, mixed market
    Date: 2016–05–30
  14. By: Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration); Dzhamalodinova Nanish Asadulaevna (Saratov State Vavilov Agrarian University)
    Abstract: The article examines the nature and the structure of productive and economic potential of companies in the dairy breeding sphere. The mechanism of evaluation of productive and economic potential using the tracer method is described. The analysis of the potential of big companies using the indicator method in dairy breeding sphere of Saratov region is given here. The adequacy and accuracy of conducted assessment is confirmed by correlation and regression analysis where was set a close relationship of assessment indicators with the indexes of industrial efficiency
    Keywords: productive and economic potential, potential assessment, indicator method, dairy breeding sphere, Saratov region
    Date: 2015
  15. By: Rogozin, Dmitriy M. (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Galieva, Nadezhda (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)); Vyugovskaya, Elena (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA))
    Abstract: In this paper, we are talking about massive control of the field work carried out by the three companies in the city of Nizhny Novgorod Vyazniki, during which revealed the facts of deviations from the planned route and sample fabrication sales. Statistical data collected by questionnaire with significant violations of technology, half-fabricated and then presented as a relevant requirements, not only are a direct threat to the scientific output, but also undermine the confidence of the mass of the public opinion polls. Game of regional companies in the fabrication of all-out for the sake of small rewards can undermine the entire process chain of mass surveys. On the one hand, we try to reveal the true state of affairs, to provide polling industry arguments for getting rid of the current practice of double ethical standards, supporting fabrication declared sampling rules. On the other - the imposition of such information outside of acute professional workshop questionnaires may compromise the leading companies implementing nationwide sample involving regional subcontractors.
    Keywords: personal survey, Vyazniki, audit
    Date: 2016–05–30
  16. By: Generalova Svetlana Vladimirovna (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration- Stolypin Volga Region Institute of administration)
    Abstract: The paper discusses the process of iversification of livestock production in the Saratov region. It also discusses the essence of the main types of diversification. The main directions of diversification of the livestock production in the region. It is concluded that the introduction of the proposed areas will contribute to the diversification of import substitution production of livestock in the regional food market.
    Keywords: diversification, types of diversification, livestock industry, regional food market, import substitution, saratov region
    Date: 2015

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