nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2016‒03‒29
four papers chosen by

  1. Popular Attitudes towards Markets and Democracy: Russia and United States Compared 25 Years Later By Maxim Boycko; Robert J. Shiller
  2. Does bank liquidity creation contribute to economic growth? Evidence from Russia By Fidrmuc, Jarko; Fungácová, Zuzana; Weill, Laurent
  3. The Economic Impact of Sanctions against Russia: Much ado about very little By Gros, Daniel; Mustilli, Federica
  4. Economic concentration and finance: Evidence from Russian regions By Hattendorff, Christian

  1. By: Maxim Boycko; Robert J. Shiller
    Abstract: We repeat a survey we did in the waning days of the Soviet Union (Shiller, Boycko and Korobov, AER 1991) comparing attitudes towards free markets between Moscow and New York. Additional survey questions, from Gibson Duch and Tedin (J. Politics 1992) are added to compare attitudes towards democracy. Two comparisons are made: between countries, and through time, to explore the existence of international differences in allegiance to democratic free-market institutions, and the stability of these differences. While we find some differences in attitudes towards markets across countries and through time, we do not find most of the differences large or significant. Our evidence does not support a common view that the Russian personality is fundamentally illiberal or non-democratic.
    JEL: O57 P10
    Date: 2016–02
  2. By: Fidrmuc, Jarko; Fungácová, Zuzana; Weill, Laurent
    Abstract: The financial crisis has shown that the liquidity creation function of banks is critical for the economy. In this paper, we empirically investigate whether bank liquidity creation fosters economic growth in a large emerging market, Russia. We follow the methodology of Berger and Bouwman (2009) to measure bank liquidity creation using a rich and exhaustive dataset of Russian banks. We perform fixed effects and GMM estimations to examine the relation of liquidity creation to economic growth for Russian regions in the period 2004–2012. Our results suggest that bank liquidity creation fosters economic growth. This effect was not washed out by the financial crisis. Our conclusion thus supports a positive impact of financial development on economic growth in Russia.
    Keywords: growth, bank liquidity creation, financial development
    JEL: E44 G21
    Date: 2015–03–05
  3. By: Gros, Daniel; Mustilli, Federica
    Abstract: The decision process leading to the imposition of sanctions against Russia in response to its annexation of Crimea and its subsequent military intervention in Eastern Ukraine has been very difficult for the EU, with some member states claiming that they have been particularly hard hit because exports to Russia are important to their economies. This commentary shows, however, that the economic cost in terms of lost exports, and thus potentially jobs, has in reality been negligible.
    Date: 2015–11
  4. By: Hattendorff, Christian
    Abstract: ​The paper investigates the relationship between economic concentration and level of financial development to illuminate the linkage of real economy structure and financial markets. Using data from 81 Russian regions for the period 2005–2011, empirical evidence is offered to show that poor diversification weakens credit. Geographical variables are used as instruments of concentration in accounting for endogeneity. This work supports previous findings at the national level that policymakers seeking to promote economic development should place stronger emphasis on output diversification.
    Keywords: economic concentration, diversification, financial development, Russia
    JEL: E51 O11 R11
    Date: 2015–05–18

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