nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2015‒08‒07
eleven papers chosen by
Alexander Harin
Modern University for the Humanities

  1. Trade diversion and high food prices - The impact of the Russian pig meat import ban By Djuric, Ivan; Götz, Linde; Glauben, Thomas
  2. Wage Penalties for Motherhood and Child-rearing in Post-Soviet Russia By Pritchett, Irina
  3. A soft pillow for hard times: Effects of economic insecurity on body weight in transitional Russia By Staudigel, Matthias
  4. Bayesian threshold adjustment in spatially integrated wheat markets in Russia By Serebrennikov, Dmytro; Götz, Linde
  5. Environmental Problems and Development Policies for Renewable Energy in BRIC Countries By P. Fabbri; A. Ninni
  6. Инвестиции в агропромышленный комплекс Омской области By Egorova, Yana
  7. The Banking Union: State of Art / Unia Bankowa - gdzie jesteœmy By Andrzej Reich; Stefan Kawalec
  8. Environmentally Induced Migration and Displacement in Kazakhstan By Tonkobayeva, Aliya
  9. Uzbekistan's Agriculture- Status Quo, Challenges and Policy Suggestions By Hasanov, Shavkat; Ahrorov, Farhod
  10. Black Sea countries: Grain production & exports By Sizov, Andrey
  11. Land reforms and feminization of agricultural labor in Sughd province, Tajikistan By Mukhamedova, Nozilakhon; Wegerich, Kai

  1. By: Djuric, Ivan; Götz, Linde; Glauben, Thomas
    Abstract: In this paper we analyze the impact of the Russian ban on import of pig meat originating in the EU on the domestic pig meat price developments in Russia. We use a regime-switching price transmission model in order to identify possible changes in the long-run equilibrium between the pig meat prices of Russia and its main non-EU trading partners. Our results indicate the reduction of transaction costs in pig meat trade between Russia and its main non-EU trading partners, followed by the increase in transmission of price changes in the long-run. Though, our results indicate completely opposite results concerning domestic price relations between wholesale and end consumer pig meat prices in Russia. Overall, faced with the scarcity of pig meat on the domestic market, Russian consumers bear the biggest burden from the ban in the medium term by being faced with the significant increase in end consumer pig meat prices.
    Keywords: import ban, pig meat, price transmission, Russia, Agribusiness, Agricultural and Food Policy, Demand and Price Analysis, Food Security and Poverty, International Relations/Trade, C22, I31, P22, Q11, Q17, Q18,
    Date: 2015
  2. By: Pritchett, Irina
    Keywords: Labor and Human Capital,
    Date: 2015
  3. By: Staudigel, Matthias
    Abstract: Recent literature has identified increasing economic insecurity as a possible explanation for globally increasing obesity rates. This study investigates the causal effect of economic insecurity on weight outcomes in transitional Russia. Using data from the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey from 1994 to 2005 I construct several cumulative measures of economic insecurity and estimate their impact on Body Mass Index and waist circumference. I apply instrumental-variables methods to control for reverse causality and unobserved heterogeneity. Results show a mixed picture with both positive and negative effects of insecurity on weight and waist circumference, depending on the economic insecurity measure. Additional regressions on subjective statements of anxiety highlight the importance of examining the pathway from objective insecurity over subjective anxiety and behavior to final health and weight outcomes in more detail.
    Keywords: Insecurity, obesity, Russia, instrumental variables, RLMS, Agricultural and Food Policy, Consumer/Household Economics, Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety, Food Security and Poverty, Health Economics and Policy, D01, C26, I14,
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Serebrennikov, Dmytro; Götz, Linde
    Abstract: This paper studies spatial price transmission and integration of regional domestic wheat markets in Russia. An innovative approach to threshold estimation is applied to better capture model non-linearities associated with transaction costs and policy measures. The results show critical importance of distance that determines the speed at which price shocks are transmitted between the regional markets. Additionally, it is shown that the export ban for wheat in 2010/11 led to trade activation and faster price transmission inside the country. The effect of export ban was found to be enhanced by transport subsidies introduced to facilitate the distribution of grain in the wake of severe drought in certain production areas.
    Keywords: Price transmission, market integration, threshold adjustment, non-linear econometrics, Agricultural and Food Policy, Demand and Price Analysis, Marketing,
    Date: 2015
  5. By: P. Fabbri; A. Ninni
    Keywords: BRICS, environmental problems, energy
    Date: 2015
  6. By: Egorova, Yana
    Abstract: Due to the unstable economic situation in the region, the Government of the Omsk region designated one of the priority directions of stabilization of economy - development of agrarian and industrial complex of the Omsk region. One of solutions of this task is involvement of investors who could make financial means in the enterprises of the Omsk region. This research is urged to find out how the Government of the Omsk region promotes development of agrarian and industrial complex, creating necessary conditions for investors, to track dynamics of development of agrarian and industrial complex and to analyse negative and positive sides of agrarian and industrial complex which potential investors can face.
    Keywords: agro-industrial complex, agrocluster, investments, economy, Omsk region
    JEL: A1 Q1
    Date: 2015–07–29
  7. By: Andrzej Reich; Stefan Kawalec
    Abstract: The first aim of this paper is to describe the main developments in the Ukrainian economy since its independence in 1991, focusing on the evolution of output, and the path of economic reforms — that is, to simply show what happened. The bottom line on that is well known: Ukraine’s economy performed very poorly, and its reforms moved quite slowly, lagging behind most of Central Europe and the Baltic, and even behind some FSU (Former Soviet Union) countries. This first task is a relatively easy one, though some measurement issues do need discussion. In comparison, the second aim — explaining why it happened, identifying the explanatory, causal factors — is much more difficult and contentious. Indeed, causation here means two dynamics: the relationship between performance and reform pace, and the underlying determinants of the slow reforms. The paper’s main effort will be to argue and present evidence that the poor economic performance is primarily due to the late and slow start on economic reforms. However, it only begins to point to the explanations for slow reforms and suggest a modeling approach to analyze this econometrically in future work. It is widely believed that the creation of the banking union initiated the integration of the EU banking market. The process is traced back to June 2012 (EU Summit decided to create the banking union), 4 November 2013 (effective date of the Banking Union Regulation), or 4 November 2014 (operational launch of the Single Supervisory Mechanism, SSM). However, the integration of the EU banking market began much earlier and the creation of the banking union should be considered the final rather than the initial step in the process. In fact, the integration began as early as 1990s with the introduction of the single passport which allows a bank licensed in one member state to operate across the European Union through branches in other member states.The solution was devised mainly for banks licensed in one member state and operating in another member state on a small scale, rendering the establishment of a subsidiary bank uneconomical. This practical facilitation was creatively exploited by the largest European banks, which effectively transformed the EU banking market. Doœæ powszechnie uwa¿a siê, ¿e utworzenie unii bankowej zapocz¹tkowa³o integracjê unijnego rynku bankowego. Jako pocz¹tek tego procesu wskazuje siê czerwiec 2012 roku (Szczyt UE, podczas którego zapad?a decyzja na temat tworzenia unii bankowej), 4 listopada 2013 roku (wejœcie w ¿ycie rozporz¹dzenia w sprawie utworzenia unii bankowej), czy wreszcie 4 listopada 2014 roku (pocz¹tek dzia³alnoœci operacyjnej jednolitego mechanizmu nadzorczego (Single Supervisory Mechanism — SSM)). Jednak integracja unijnego rynku bankowego zaczê³a siê znacznie wczeœniej, a utworzenie unii bankowej nale¿y postrzegaæ jako koñcow¹ fazê tego procesu, a nie pocz¹tkow¹. Proces integracji rozpocz¹³ siê na pocz¹tku lat dziewiêædziesi¹tych ubieg³ego wieku, wraz z wprowadzeniem tak zwanej zasady jednolitego paszportu (single passport), zgodnie z któr¹ bank licencjonowany w jednym kraju cz³onkowskim, na podstawie tej¿e licencji, uzyska³ prawo prowadzenia dzia³alnoœci na terenie ca³ej Unii Europejskiej, poprzez oddzia³y, które móg³ otwieraæ w innych krajach cz³onkowskich. Takie rozwi¹zanie wprowadzone g³ównie z myœl¹ o banku licencjonowanym w jednym kraju cz³onkowskim, prowadz¹cym dzia³alnoœæ w innym kraju cz?onkowskim, ale w tak ma³ej skali, ¿e uruchamianie w tym celu banku zale¿nego nie by³oby uzasadnione ekonomicznie. To sensowne u³atwienie zosta³o twórczo rozwiniête przez najwiêksze banki europejskie, skutecznie przeobra¿aj¹c rynek bankowy w Unii Europejskiej.
    Keywords: European Union, banking supervision, EBC, EBA, banking union, SSM
    JEL: N14 E5 E58 G21 G2 G28
    Date: 2015–06
  8. By: Tonkobayeva, Aliya
    Keywords: Community/Rural/Urban Development, Environmental Economics and Policy, International Development,
    Date: 2013–10
  9. By: Hasanov, Shavkat; Ahrorov, Farhod
    Keywords: International Development, International Relations/Trade, Resource /Energy Economics and Policy,
    Date: 2013–10
  10. By: Sizov, Andrey
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy, International Relations/Trade,
    Date: 2015
  11. By: Mukhamedova, Nozilakhon; Wegerich, Kai
    Abstract: This report analyzes the influence of agrarian transformations on the feminization of agricultural production in rural Tajikistan. It explores women’s multiple labor relations for meeting basic needs of the household. The evidence shows that households have to depend on more types of agricultural work to secure day-to-day as well as long-term livelihood security. Overall, feminization appears in different types and groupings. The implication is that women in agriculture might not be adequately targeted in policies or integrated within intervention programs.
    Keywords: Land reform Feminization Gender Women Female labor Employment Agriculture sector Farms Households Poverty Income Water user associations Case studies, Farm Management, Food Security and Poverty,
    Date: 2014

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