nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2015‒02‒05
six papers chosen by

  1. The econometric estimation of the effect of ruble exchange rate dynamics on economic activity By Badasen Polina; Kartaev Philipp; Khazanov Alexey
  2. Antecedents And Consequences Of Organizational Commitment Among Russian University Teachers By Andrey Lovakov
  3. Real Police And Fictional Police: A Study Of Public Perceptions Through Online Commentaries By Arseniy Khitrov
  4. The ICT Landscape in Brazil, India, and China By Jean-Paul
  5. Modernization of the agri-food sector of the Republic of Moldova in the context of international trade development By Stratan, Alexandru; Moroz, Victor; Ignat, Anatolie
  6. Does Supply or Demand Drive the Credit Cycle? Evidence from Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe By Greetje Everaert; Natasha Xingyuan Che; Nan Geng; Bertrand Gruss; Gregorio Impavido; Yinqiu Lu; Christian Saborowski; Jérôme Vandenbussche; Li Zeng

  1. By: Badasen Polina (The Central Bank of the Russian Federation); Kartaev Philipp (Department of Economics, Lomonosov Moscow State University); Khazanov Alexey (The Central Bank of the Russian Federation)
    Abstract: In this paper we analyze the effect of ruble exchange rate dynamics on economic activity in Russia. We consider the dynamics of both total production and the distinct industries’ output. We apply the SVAR-X approach and analyze the most recent Russian data. We show that the devaluation of Rus-sian currency has positive impact on export-oriented industries, on industries, oriented both on ex-ports and internal demand, and on industries with low share of imports in costs. The negative im-pact is observed only in the construction industry. The ruble devaluation has no significant impact on the economic activity indicators in other industries including the key industries and the industrial production index.
    Keywords: exchange rate, output, SVAR models
    JEL: C32 E52
    Date: 2015–01
  2. By: Andrey Lovakov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the specific antecedents and consequences of the commitment of university teachers to their university. Academia has specific features that distinguish universities from other types of organizations: universities have the opportunity to hire their own graduates (academic inbreeding); university teachers are able to work in several higher education institutions or combine teaching with work in business; university teachers have the opportunity to combine several professional roles (teaching, administrative work, research, etc.); university teachers have several options to change their job; publication activity is an important indicator of the efficiency and competitiveness of university teachers. This study is an online survey of 317 teachers of different disciplines from several types of state higher education institutions from different regions of Russia. The results of the regression analysis show that antecedents of affective commitment include belonging to a group of insiders (working in university from which they graduated), having an additional administrative position, role clarity, and role conflict. Structural equation modelling shows that an additional administrative position had a direct positive effect and an indirect negative effect (through role conflict) on the affective commitment to the university. Having work experience at another university predicts only a normative commitment to the university. The affective component of commitment to the university was a better negative predictor of the intention to leave the position, profession and institution. No components of the commitment predict publication activity.
    Keywords: organizational commitment, academic inbreeding, academic profession, universities
    JEL: I20 I23 J28 J40 J60
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Arseniy Khitrov (National Research University Higher School of Economics)
    Abstract: Contemporary police scholars have argued that it is important to study “how representations of the police and policing are produced and received” (Loader, 1997: 5) and what social meanings are created by them. Police scholars have claimed that police television series produce media images which frame social relations, and social relations, in turn, frame media images (Clarke, 1983, 1992; Lassiter, 1996; Leishman and Mason, 2003: 126, 134–138; Reiner, 2008: 315, 317, 2010: 178). Given that there is no common name for these theoretical assumptions, this paper proposes to use ‘feedback loop theory’ to unite these assumptions into a common framework. In addition to analysing the content of police shows, scholars have recently begun to focus on the stage of production (Colbran, 2014; Lam, 2013) and the stage of reception (Cummins et al., 2014; De Bruin, 2011; Dowler et al., 2006; McClean, 2011). The purpose of this study is to add empirically to reception studies and to test the feedback loop theory by analysing how people discussing fictional police dramas refer to the actual police and police-related issues. I answer these questions by carrying out a content analysis of popular Russian-language internet discussion forums where internet users review Russia’s most famous police show Glukhar’ (2008-2011). The paper shows that this police procedural frames what ordinary citizens and the police chiefs expect from the police, and thus the results of the study illustrate the feedback loop theory
    Keywords: internet discussion forum, police, crime, television, drama, audience
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2015
  4. By: Jean-Paul
    Abstract: The Information Society Unit at IPTS (European Commission) has been investigating the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector and ICT R&D in Asia for several years. This research exercise led to three reports, written by national experts, on China, India and Taiwan, each one including a dataset and a technical annex. This report offers a synthesis on three out of the four BRIC countries (Brazil, India, Russia, China). The report describes, for each of the three countries (Brazil, India, China), its ICT sector, and gives a company level assessment. It also analyses Indian ICT R&D strategies, and assesses the innovation model. In 2010, BRIC countries accounted for 13% of global demand, with spending of about €328 billion in ICT (EITO, 2011). Therefore, they are becoming major players as producers of ICT goods and services. China has become the world’s largest producer of ICT products (exports of ICT increased fourfold between 2004 and 2008). This impressive growth of the ICT market is translated into R&D expenditures and output. Innovative capability in Asia has grown, the dynamics in terms of catching up are strong. Asian countries are increasingly present in the ICT R&D global landscape.
    Keywords: ICT, landscape, Brazil, India, China
    Date: 2014–12
  5. By: Stratan, Alexandru; Moroz, Victor; Ignat, Anatolie
    Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to identify opportunities for modernization of the agri-food sector of the Republic of Moldova in the context of the recent developments in the international and regional trade. Participation of the Republic of Moldova in various foreign trade agreements was analyzed. The assessment of the agri-food export was performed in order to show the impact of the trade barriers introduced by Russian authorities over the most important groups of agri-food products. The impact of the recent trade barriers over the economic stability and country’s food security was analyzed. The possible directions of the agro-food sector modernization in order to overcome external trade shocks were discussed.
    Keywords: agriculture, agri-food export, trade barriers, commercial risks, modernization
    JEL: F13 Q17 Q18
    Date: 2014–11–20
  6. By: Greetje Everaert; Natasha Xingyuan Che; Nan Geng; Bertrand Gruss; Gregorio Impavido; Yinqiu Lu; Christian Saborowski; Jérôme Vandenbussche; Li Zeng
    Abstract: Countries in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) experienced a credit boom-bust cycle in the last decade. This paper analyzes the roles of demand and supply factors in explaining this credit cycle. Our analysis first focuses on a large sample of bank-level data on credit growth for the entire CESEE region. We complement this analysis by five case studies (Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, and Romania). Our results of the panel data analysis indicate that supply factors, on average and relative to demand factors, gained in importance in explaining credit growth in the post-crisis period. In the case studies, we find a similar result for Lithuania and Montenegro, but the other three case studies point to the fact that country experiences were heterogeneous.
    Date: 2015–01–23

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