nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2015‒01‒31
twelve papers chosen by
Alexander Harin
Modern University for the Humanities

  1. Inflation and the Pattern of Trade: General Conclusions and Evidence for Russia By Borodin, Konstantin ; Strokov, Anton
  2. Decentralization of minimum wage setting in Russia: Causes and consequences By Lukiyanova, Anna ; Vishnevskaya, Nina
  3. Spatial integration of Russian domestic wheat markets By Serebrennikov, Dmytro ; Glauben, Thomas ; Goetz, Linde
  4. The Poetics And Ideology Of War In The Russian Poetry Of 1904-6 By Elena S. Ostrovskaya
  5. Управлять временем – значит управлять развитием, или предложения по реализации мегапроекта «Территория опережающего развития: все для человека». By Валентина Михайловна Бондаренко
  6. Towards Automatic Text Adaptation In Russian By Nikolay V. Karpov ; Vera G. Sibirtseva
  7. Competitive Structure of Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine in World Wheat Market: Gravity Model Approach By Glauben, Thomas ; Imamverdiyev, Nizami ; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr ; Prehn, Sören
  8. Price discrimination and pricing to market behavior of Black sea region wheat exporters By Gafarova, Gulmira ; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr ; Glauben, Thomas
  9. Creation of the matrix model for the region strategy in the agriculture using number-rating method By Zhuravleva, Elena
  10. Monthly Report No. 1/2015 By Payam Elhami ; Mahdi Ghodsi ; Oliver Reiter ; Sandor Richter ; Roman Römisch ; Roman Stöllinger
  11. Understanding International Milk Price Relationships By Carvalho, Glauco R. ; Bessler, David ; Hemme, Torsten ; Schröer-Merker, Eva
  12. Local budget transparency and participation : evidence from the Kyrgyz Republic By Esenaliev, Damir ; Gregory Kisunko ; Kisunko, Gregory

  1. By: Borodin, Konstantin ; Strokov, Anton
    Abstract: The purpose of this article is to investigate the effect of differences in the inflation rates of trade-partner countries on their foreign trade patterns. The results of the analysis of a simple trade model served as the basis for an empirical study of Russia's foreign trade. For the purposes of experimental verification, we built Russia's export and import gravity models, using trade data for 2005-2012, as well as indicators reflecting the ratio of inflation rates in Russia and its trade-partner countries by the main commodity groups (inflation data for 1995-2012). The results of the empirical verification have basically confirmed the conclusions derived from the trade model analysis: Russia intensifies its export of fuel and raw-material commodities to countries with lower inflation rates and, simultaneously, increases its import of engineering, chemical, and agricultural products from countries with lower inflation rates.
    Keywords: trade pattern, inflation, gravity model, Russia, International Relations/Trade, F14, E31,
    Date: 2014–06
  2. By: Lukiyanova, Anna ; Vishnevskaya, Nina
    Abstract: [Final remarks] Our findings suggest that the decentralization reform of the MW setting mechanism accelerated the growth of the wage floor for Russian workers and narrowed the variation in the minima between regions. At the same time, the coexistence of the federal and regional minimum wages has led to new imbalances. All these mean that the reform of the minimum wage setting mechanism in Russia cannot be considered final and further steps are required for better functioning of this institute.
    Date: 2014
  3. By: Serebrennikov, Dmytro ; Glauben, Thomas ; Goetz, Linde
    Abstract: This study employs the econometric framework of price transmission to analyze spatial integration of major wheat growing markets in Russia. Russian government frequently intervenes to regulate trade relations by restricting export of wheat abroad in the periods of deficit of supply. Different non-linear models are used to capture the impact of intervention measures. The results show that in isolation from global markets, Russian export-oriented wheat producers increase their presence inside the country and domestic trade becomes more active. As a result, government interventions lead to reduction of wheat deficits.
    Keywords: Demand and Price Analysis,
    Date: 2014–08
  4. By: Elena S. Ostrovskaya (National Research University Higher School of Economics )
    Abstract: The Russo-Japanese war, the first war for Russia after almost three peaceful decades and the first major conflict to begin in the 20th century was in many ways a precursor to its two great wars. The article is to show the way the Russo-Japanese War is represented in the verse of 1904-6, exploring different poetic devices used to bring war back home and juxtaposing poetics and ideology. It focuses on such constitutive features of the war as geography and technology and traces their poetic projections in a wide range of the verse coming from different sources
    Keywords: Russo-Japanese war, poetics, ideology, domestication, alienation
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2014
  5. By: Валентина Михайловна Бондаренко
    Abstract: В статье обосновывается, что сегодняшнее научное знание утратило свои объяснительные возможности и не способствует определению объективных причин возникновения системного кризиса в мире и в России. Следовательно, не позволяет осуществить поиск и обосновать переход к новой модели экономического роста, несмотря на то, что в нынешнем состоянии Россия обречена на стагнацию, на дальнее замедление темпов роста, на рост безработицы и бедность. Далее в статье говорится, что только выход на мировоззренческий уровень понимания возникновения системного кризиса и всех остальных проблем позволил выйти на формирование новой методологии познания закономерностей в развитии человеческой системы. И уже на основе этой методологии обосновать необходимость и возможность реализации Мегапроекта «Территория опережающего развития: все для человека» <P> The article proves that current scientific knowledge cannot explain the objective causes of the systemic crisis in the world and in Russia. Consequently, it does not allow searching for and justifying the transition to a new model of economic growth. Only access to the philosophical understanding of systemic crisis allowed entering the formation of a new methodology of getting knowledge about patterns in the development of human system. On the basis of this methodology it is possible to justify the necessity and possibility of realization of the megaproject "Territory of advanced development: everything for men".
    Keywords: new methodology of knowledge, single criterion of efficiency, consistency, systemic crisis, the main task of management, two paradigms of development, megaproject
    JEL: P16 E17 O11
  6. By: Nikolay V. Karpov (National Research University Higher School of Economics ); Vera G. Sibirtseva (National Research University Higher School of Economics )
    Abstract: This article describes ways of using original texts in the National Russian Corpus and news texts to teach Russian as a foreign language. The two-year work of a scientific group from the Higher School of Economics (from Nizhny Novgorod and Moscow), called CorpLings was analyzed. Special attention was paid to the automatic adaptation of acute news texts, which was the basic principle of the research part of the project. We also describe ways of simplifying syntactical and morphological structures that may seem difficult for students at an elementary level. The stages used for lexical simplification are described in detail, such as the creation of an algorithm to find the most appropriate synonyms based on morphological rules, and an analysis of the statistical model of words’ contextual proximity. This article also addresses the difficulties faced by developers and the final results of our research
    Keywords: Russian, electronic textbook, text simplification, contextual proximity, distributional semantic model.
    JEL: Z
    Date: 2014
  7. By: Glauben, Thomas ; Imamverdiyev, Nizami ; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr ; Prehn, Sören
    Abstract: Due to an increase in export shares of Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine (KRU) the competition in global wheat market has become more intense during the last decade. Hence, this study aims to analyze the market structure of KRU over the period 2004-2010. By using the gravity trade model and Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood (PPML) estimation method, this study confirms that the emergence of KRU increases the competition in international wheat market. The other main finding is that there is no evidence of market power of KRU wheat exporters over the South Caucasian and Central Asian countries.
    Keywords: gravity model, exchange rate, perfect competition, Poisson Pseudo Maximum Likelihood estimation, International Relations/Trade,
    Date: 2014–08
  8. By: Gafarova, Gulmira ; Perekhozhuk, Oleksandr ; Glauben, Thomas
    Abstract: As a result of some important changes in the international wheat market, market shares of leading exporters have recently altered. The Black Sea region countries – Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine have become important wheat exporters. Consequently, the pricing behavior of these countries has become a key issue. By applying the pricing-to-market model to annual wheat exports, this study analyses price discriminating behavior of the KRU exporters in foreign markets during 1996-2012. The results demonstrate that even though the KRU countries are able to exercise price discrimination in some importing countries, they usually face perfect competition in most destinations.
    Keywords: fixed-effects model, mark-up, price discrimination, pricing-to-market, wheat export, Demand and Price Analysis, International Relations/Trade,
    Date: 2014–08
  9. By: Zhuravleva, Elena
    Abstract: At present time, the competitiveness of region strategy in agriculture is unknown. There are not methodology of the evaluation it as a complex of the definitions and criteria, as the ways of the research the types of management decisions for the increasement present level of the region product security.
    Keywords: the competitiveness, the districts of Russia south, the agriculture, the matrix model., Community/Rural/Urban Development, Research Methods/ Statistical Methods,
    Date: 2014–08
  10. By: Payam Elhami ; Mahdi Ghodsi (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw ); Oliver Reiter ; Sandor Richter (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw ); Roman Römisch (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw ); Roman Stöllinger (The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw )
    Abstract: Graph of the month Oil price and exchange rate of the Russian rouble, 2008-2014 (p. 1) Opinion corner Is Jean-Claude Juncker's EUR 315 billion European investment plan the proper answer to the EU's anaemic economic performance? (by Sándor Richter, Roman Römisch and Roman Stöllinger; pp. 2-4) How large should the EU budget be from the new Member States’ perspective? (by Sándor Richter; pp. 5-8) International economic sanctions the case of Iran (by Mahdi Ghodsi and Payam Elhami; pp. 9-13) The input-output table as a network (by Oliver Reiter; pp. 14-18) Recommended reading (p. 19) Statistical Annex Monthly and quarterly statistics for Central, East and Southeast Europe (pp. 20-41)
    Keywords: oil price, exchange rate, Russian rouble, EU budget, investment, grants, loans, EU budget, sanctions, energy, security of energy supply, export and import prices, multiregional input-output table, network, random walk centrality, connectedness of an industrial sector
    Date: 2015–01
  11. By: Carvalho, Glauco R. ; Bessler, David ; Hemme, Torsten ; Schröer-Merker, Eva
    Abstract: Price studies have been extensively investigated in agricultural economics literature. In the grain market, it seems that more information is available in terms of price behavior and relationships across markets. In the dairy market, on the other hand, price information is more limited. There are studies related to milk price relationships, but none explore the short-run and long-run relationship between milk prices across countries. This analysis aims to fill this gap in the literature. Insights from this work, which may help private companies and policymakers on how milk prices behave across the world, are provided. Data are offered by the IFCN Dairy research network, located in Kiel, Germany, and includes monthly price data from the United States, Brazil, Germany, the Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, India, China, and New Zealand. A Vector Error Correction (VEC) model is used to summarize the long-run relationship among prices from these nine countries. Contemporaneous innovations are modeled as an acyclic graph using recently developed algorithms from the machine literature. Forecast error variance decompositions are also estimated to visualize the relationships among variables in the system. As for validation, out-of-sample forecasts from the estimated Vector Autoregression (VAR) and VEC models are performed and the latter performed better. This forecasting exercise also supports the imposition of a low number of cointegrating vectors, which coheres well with trace tests and information criteria. The United States, New Zealand, and the IFCN milk price play an important role in the international dairy market.
    Keywords: price, direct acyclic graph, error-correction., Agricultural and Food Policy, Demand and Price Analysis, International Relations/Trade, C32, C51, C52,
    Date: 2015–02
  12. By: Esenaliev, Damir ; Gregory Kisunko ; Kisunko, Gregory
    Abstract: The paper investigates determinants of civic participation in local budget processes in rural areas in the Kyrgyz Republic by using data from the Life in Kyrgyzstan survey, conducted in 2012. The analysis of the data suggests that although civic awareness and interest in local budget processes is relatively high, the participation rate in local budgeting processes is low. The paper also shows that interest, awareness, and participation are positively associated with the age, education, employment, risk-taking attitudes, trust, and social capital of respondents. The paper documents that unawareness and lack of participation are largely related to being female, of non-Kyrgyz ethnic origin, inactive in the labor market, recent internal migrants, and residents of communities with poor infrastructure.
    Keywords: Debt Markets,Housing&Human Habitats,Governance Indicators,Knowledge for Development,Population Policies
    Date: 2015–01–01

This nep-cis issue is ©2015 by Alexander Harin. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.