nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2014‒12‒03
three papers chosen by

  2. Куда идти: двадцать четыре тезиса By Polterovich, Victor
  3. Tobacco Consumption Determinants in Russia By Juraev, Nosirjon

  1. By: Gotz, Linde; Djuric, Ivan; Glauben, Thomas
    Abstract: This study analyzes the domestic price effects of export controls for all 3 KRU countries during the 2007/08 as well as the 2010/11 commodity price peaks. We develop two indicators to measure the strength of the export controls’ price damping and price insulating effect within a non-linear long-run price transmission model. Our analysis comprises 11 cases of export controls, distinguishing regional price effects within Russia. We observe heterogeneity in the damping and insulating effects of the export controls among the KRU and among the regions of Russia. Our model identifies the strongest domestic price effects during the export ban in North Caucasus (Russia), which were transmitted to Central, Black Earth and Volga regions by wheat flows from North Caucasus. For Ukraine the strongest price effects are observed during the export tax system 2011. The price effects identified for the 2006/7, 2007/8 and 2010/11 export quota systems are comparable to those observed for Central, Black Earth and Volga region. Contrary, our results do not identify any price effects of the export ban in Russia on Ural and West Siberia. We also do not find price decreasing effects during the export ban in Kazakhstan and the export tax system in Russia 2007/8. Concluding, the effectiveness of export controls in the KRU to dampen and decouple domestic wheat prices from world market price developments is generally rather limited.
    Keywords: export controls, market integration, price transmission, crisis policy, Russia, Crop Production/Industries, Demand and Price Analysis,
    Date: 2014–09
  2. By: Polterovich, Victor
    Abstract: Abstract The article deals with the basic elements of a rational strategy of economic development of Russia in the modern circumstances. The analysis shows that the current state of confrontation between Russia and the United States will last long enough. Trying to shorten the period of forced partial isolation, Russia should use it to restore growth and to prepare for further integration with Europe. We need to debug the credit system, to complete the creation of the NIS, as well as systems of indicative planning and continuing education, and to improve the administration in accordance with the principles of the theory of "developmental state." Implementing import substitution, we should seek to production diversification, based on the expansion of domestic consumption of goods produced from natural resources. It is necessary to ensure the dissemination of the technologies available at leading Russian companies in the whole country, and accelerate the transition to innovative development. To solve these problems, one needs a modern science sector, containing all the intermediate links between basic and applied research. Strengthening the rule of law, respect for the opposition, improving the investment climate - this strategy is the best response to foreign political pressure, the key to Russia's strategic security.
    Keywords: middle income trap, national innovation system, indicative planning, integration, regional development agency, diversification, science sector, strategic security
    JEL: D02 H11 O43 P21
    Date: 2014–11–20
  3. By: Juraev, Nosirjon
    Abstract: The following paper aims to contribute the existing literature on Russian tobacco use by analysing the determinants of smoking, and comparing the results to previous researches. We are also one of the few, if not the first to test the significance of BMI (Body Mass Index) with smoking habits. Our results mostly compromise with the results of previous English literature. Smokers generally tend to lose weight, and obese people naturally do not practice smoking. Educated people, religion believer smoke significantly less than school leavers, nonbelievers and army servers do.
    Keywords: Tobacco determinants, Russia
    JEL: A1 A10 D0 D00
    Date: 2014–03–25

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