nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2013‒09‒26
eight papers chosen by
Alexander Harin
Modern University for the Humanities

  1. Key Trends in Russia's Education System: Results of 2012 By Tatiana Klyachko
  2. Russia’s Financial Markets and Financial Institutions in 2012 By Andrei Alaev; Arseny Mamedov; Vladimir Nazarov
  3. Customs and Tariff Policy and Promotion of Innovations in Russia By Sergey Prikhodko; Nadezhda Volovik; Galina Balandina
  4. Public Sector and Privatization in Russia in 2012 By Georgy Malginov; Alexander Radygin
  5. Russian Oil and Gas Sector in 2012 By Yury Bobylev
  6. North Caucasus in 2012: Results and Risks By Konstantin Kazenin
  7. Living Standards in Russia in 2012 By Svetlana Misikhina
  8. Can only democracies enhance “Human Development”? Evidence from the Former Soviet Countries By John S L McCombie; Marta Spreafico

  1. By: Tatiana Klyachko (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)
    Abstract: This paper deals with issues related to the education system. The author focuses on the latest legislation adopted by the government and reorganization of its institutions.
    Keywords: Russian economy, educational institutions
    JEL: I21 I22 I23 I24 I25 I28
    Date: 2013
  2. By: Andrei Alaev (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Arseny Mamedov (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Vladimir Nazarov (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: This paper deals with the issue of intergovernmental fiscal relations and subnational finances in Russia. The authors focus on the issue of subnational budgets in 2012, financial support from the federal budget. The point out to how the federal authorities stimulate the constitutent territories on the Russian Federation.
    Keywords: Russian economy, fiscal relations, subnational finances, federal budget, road funds, subnational budgets
    JEL: H5
    Date: 2013
  3. By: Sergey Prikhodko (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Nadezhda Volovik (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Galina Balandina (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: This paper provides an in-depth analysis of the normative and legal basis which regulates Russian customs and tariff policy. The authors analyze the features of customs and tariff regulation in Russia and main directions of its improvement in the medium term perspective.
    Keywords: Russian economy, foreign trade, Russia's foreign trade regulations
    JEL: F10 F13 F19
    Date: 2012
  4. By: Georgy Malginov (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy); Alexander Radygin (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: Russia’s Government has adopted no other privatization programs over the last two years, as it did in the 2000s, since the Forecast Plan (Program) for the Federal Property and the Guidelines of Federal Property Privatization for 2011-2013 was adopted in November 2010. However, it is these documents that contained numerical data on federal state unitary enterprises (FSUEs) and joint stock companies (JSCs) in which the Russian Federation had a participating interest as of the beginning of a calendar year. Therefore, there is no sufficient information for making an impartial assessment of the dynamics of the foregoing components in the public sector in 2012.
    Keywords: Russian economy, privatization, public sector, public sector in the economy, structural policy
    JEL: H82 K11 L32 L33
    Date: 2013
  5. By: Yury Bobylev (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: Oil and gas production remain the core sector of Russia economy, which has a leading role in generating federal budget revenue and this country’s balance of trade. The factors that exerted the most significant influence on the development of the oil and gas sector of the Russian economy in 2012 were the situation on the world oil market; the situation on the European gas market; and the objective deterioration of the conditions for the extraction of oil and natural gas, which is associated with a declining production at the ‘old’ deposits and the considerably higher costs of the development of new ones, especially in unpopulated areas with no infrastructure..
    Keywords: Russian economy, oil world prices, oil production structure, oil and gas exports, tax regulation of the oil and gas sector
    JEL: L71 L72
    Date: 2013
  6. By: Konstantin Kazenin (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: The author deals with the a wide scope of issues related to the North Caucasus region of the Russian Federation. He provides an in depth analysis of the national movement as well as investment projects and local communities interest.
    Keywords: Russian economy, North Caucasus
    JEL: R10 R11 R12 R13 R14
    Date: 2013
  7. By: Svetlana Misikhina (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)
    Abstract: Rapid economic growth early in the 2000s was accompanied by high growth rates in personal income. Personal real income grew up by 2.5 times as inequality increased insignificantly (Gini index was 0.42 in 2011 against 0.4 in 2000). In the first decade of the 21st century, the subsistence minimum increased mainly in response to its indexation to the consumer price index growth rate, thereby increasing the real personal income to subsistence minimum ratio (from 1.89 times in 2000 to 3.32 times in 2010). As a result, population with a substandard per capita money income and poverty level reduced by 2.3-2.4 times from the period between 2000 and 2010.
    Keywords: Russian economy, personal income, poverty, consumption
    JEL: I31 I32
    Date: 2013
  8. By: John S L McCombie (Cambridge Centre for Economic and Public Policy, Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge); Marta Spreafico (DISCE, Università Cattolica)
    Abstract: Despite the considerable interest in the concept of human development, there has been little research on the political determinants of its dimensions. This paper investigates the role played by the type of political systems on the non-income components of human development. In particular it tests the hypothesis that it is not only democratic countries that enhance spending on health and education, but this might be true of autocratic regimes. The hypothesis is tested for the former Soviet Republics. It is found that expenditure on the social provision of health and education increases with both the degree of democracy and autocracy.
    Keywords: governing authority, human development, political regimes, public expenditure on health and education, panel analysis
    JEL: I10 I20 H51 H52 C33
    Date: 2013–04

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