nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2010‒02‒20
two papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. Economic Inequality and Environmental Quality: Evidence of Pollution Shifting in Russia By Marina Vornovytskyy; James Boyce
  2. Experience in Implementing Social Benefits Monetization Reform in Russia. Literature Review. By Irina Sinitsina

  1. By: Marina Vornovytskyy; James Boyce
    Abstract: This paper utilizes the Russian Statistical Agency's data on air pollution in Russia to analyze the impact of economic inequalities among Russia's regions on environmental degradation. Controlling for the absolute level of income, we find that regions with lower incomes relative to those of neighboring regions have more uncontrolled air pollution. Differences in uncontrolled pollution do not appear to be attributable to differences in spending on pollution control, suggesting that facility siting provides the dominant explanation. In addition, we find that greater within-region inequalities in income and in the provision of public goods are associated with greater uncontrolled air pollution.<p></p>
    Keywords: Air pollution; environmental inequality; pollution shifting; regional inequality; environmental Kuznets curve; Russia - environment
    JEL: P25 P28 Q53 Q56 R11
    Date: 2010
  2. By: Irina Sinitsina
    Abstract: The present paper is an integral part of the "Preparation of the strategy for social benefits monetization reform in Ukraine" project, co-financed by the 2008 Polish aid programme of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland and carried out by CASE in 2008. The paper was prepared as background material aimed at obtaining a better understanding of the main bottlenecks in reforming a vast in-kind benefits system typical for many countries of the Former Soviet Union (FSU). The paper focuses on the following issues: aims and motives of monetization reforms in Russia; expected outcomes of the reform; description of the implementation process; changes of the roles of various actors and agencies; compensation of housing and communal services (HCS) expenses in the course of HCS and monetization reforms; and the major gains and failures of the reform. The paper concludes with lessons that can be derived from the Russian monetization experience for the planned Ukrainian monetization reform. The paper is based on extensive research on the monetization reform in Russia and literature published by leading Russian independent research centers including the Independent Institute for Social Policy (IISP), the Institute for Urban Economics, the Centre for Economic and Financial studies (CEFIR), and the Institute for the Economy in Transition (IET).
    Keywords: in-kind benefits, monetization, housing and communal services benefits,targeted social assistance, social sector reform, Russia, transition
    JEL: H53 H77 I39
    Date: 2009

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