nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2010‒02‒05
two papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. Market prospects of meat and meat products in Russia By Sidorchuk, Roman
  2. Structural Change in Transition Economies: Does Foreign Aid Matter? By Mohsen Fardmanesh; Li Tan

  1. By: Sidorchuk, Roman (Milagro M; RSconsult; Russian Economical Plehanov's Academy)
    Abstract: This is a brief overview of the market of meat and meat products in Russia. Food products account for a significant portion of the costs residents of Russia. In 2000, these costs amount to more than 50% of all household expenditure. In this case the cost of meat and meat products 14.6% of all household expenditures. This shows how important place is the market of meat and meat products and its development prospects. Since the mid-sixties, then in the Soviet Union saw an increase in consumption of meat products. For example, the average consumption of meat increased in 1990 compared with 1960 in 1,6 times (from 41,8 to 68,3 kg. However, after the reforms, by 1997 every citizen of Russia consumes an average 46 kg of meat and meat products year, and in 1998 - 44 kg. FAO experts suggest that countries with economies in transition (including Russia) reached pre-reform level of consumption only in 2020. At the same time, some Russian experts (including the authors of the study) suggest that in Russia is the level will be reached before 2010 remains a question due to what sources of production, domestic or imported, will be covered is demand for meat and meat products.
    Keywords: agricultural economics, meat market, wholesale meat market, wholesale market of sausages, meat market of Russia, wholesale market of delicacies, market of meat products in the Moscow region, market research, expert method, «Milagro M», marketing in Russian
    JEL: M31 Q13 R3 L11 O52 M11
    Date: 2001–12
  2. By: Mohsen Fardmanesh (Temple University); Li Tan (American International Group)
    Abstract: This paper addresses whether the initial declines in the manufacturing and real wages in transition economies were anything unexpected to justify policy reversal, and whether the “often-recommended” foreign aid would have helped them curb these declines in any significant way. It answers these questions with the help of a two-sector three-factor small open economy model and simulation exercises. It concludes that, given the relative price distortions and the market disequilibria that transition economies inherited from their planning era, the initial declines in their manufacturing and real wages are to be mostly expected. Foreign aid, whose impact is noticeable only when it is in excess of 5% of GDP, does not curb the decline in their real wages in any measurable way and exacerbates the decline in their manufacturing by a few percent.
    Keywords: liberalization, structural adjustment, transition economies, East European economies, Soviet Republics, foreign aid
    JEL: P2
    Date: 2009–09

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