nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2008‒11‒04
four papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. The transition from school to work in Russia during and after socialism: change or continuity? By Christoph Bühler; Dirk Konietzka
  2. Patterns of partnership formation among lone mothers in Russia By Cordula Zabel
  3. Luther and the Girls: Religious Denomination and the Female Education Gap in 19th Century Prussia By Woessmann, Ludger; Becker, Sascha O.
  4. Corruption of the Politicized University: Lessons from the Orange Revolution in Ukraine By Osipian, Ararat

  1. By: Christoph Bühler (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany); Dirk Konietzka (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)
    Abstract: Russia. It compares the process of entering working life during socialism (1966-1990) and the transition period (1991-2005) by utilizing information from 6,455 males and females of the "Education and Employment Survey for Russia". The results document influences both of change and of continuity. The introduction of labor markets and a mismatch between qualifications acquired at school and demanded by employers led to increasing risks of unemployment after education and first jobs at the lower levels of the occupational hierarchy. However, as the general character of the educational system and the internal structures of many firms did not change, traditional paths of mobility from educational degrees to particular occupational positions continued to exist. Thus, the transition from school-to-work in Russia did not experience an abrupt change but a gradual adjustment to the new economic order.
    Keywords: Russia, early aduldhood, educational systems, employment, occupational qualifications, transitional society, unemployment
    JEL: J1 Z0
    Date: 2008–04
  2. By: Cordula Zabel (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)
    Abstract: This study examines the determinants of partnership formation among lone mothers in Russia, using data from the Russian Generations and Gender Survey (GGS) and the Education and Employment Survey (EES). The central research question is whether difficult economic circumstances pressure lone mothers to enter new partnerships sooner than they would under other circumstances, limiting their freedom of choice of type of living arrangement. The empirical results show that while occupation influences lone mothers’ rates of partnership formation both before and after 1991, a significant effect of employment status does not appear until after 1991. Apart from economic factors, demographic factors such as the age and number of children are also shown to have an important impact on lone mothers’ rates of partnership formation. Comparisons to patterns of partnership formation among childless women are also presented.
    Keywords: Russia
    JEL: J1 Z0
    Date: 2008–06
  3. By: Woessmann, Ludger; Becker, Sascha O.
    Abstract: Martin Luther urged each town to have a girls' school so that girls would learn to read the Gospel, evoking a surge of building girls' schools in Protestant areas. Using county- and town-level data from the first Prussian census of 1816, we show that a larger share of Protestants decreased the gender gap in basic education. This result holds when using only the exogenous variation in Protestantism due to a county's or town's distance to Wittenberg, the birthplace of the Reformation. Similar results are found for the gender gap in literacy among the adult population in 1871.
    Keywords: Protestantism; education; gender gap
    Date: 2008–09
  4. By: Osipian, Ararat
    Abstract: This paper argues that corruption is used on a systematic basis as a mechanism of direct and indirect administrative control from the state level down to local authorities and administrations of public and private institutions. Informal approval of corrupt activities in exchange for loyalty and compliance with the regime is commonplace in many countries. This paper explains how corrupt regimes maximize their position in terms of loyalty and compliance by using the example of the 2004 presidential elections in Ukraine. It presents mechanisms by which political bureaucracies politicize universities in order to influence students and channel their electoral power during the Orange Revolution in Ukraine.
    Keywords: corruption; elections; politicization; students; university; Ukraine
    JEL: P36 P37 I23 I28
    Date: 2008–10–30

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