nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2008‒09‒13
six papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. Social Security Influence on Labor Mobility : Possible Opportunities and Challenges By Marek Góra; Oleksandr Rohozynsky
  2. Regional household and poverty effects of Russia's accession to the world trade organization By Rutherford, Thomas; Tarr, David
  3. The Gender Earnings Gap inside a Russian Firm: First Evidence from Personnel Data ? 1997 to 2002 By T. Dohmen; H. Lehmann; A. Zaiceva
  4. Households in Transition: The BSEC-CA Experience By Loukas Balafoutas
  5. Transition, Globalisation and Labour in the Black Sea Economic Co-operation and Central Asian Regions By Loukas Balafoutas; Kiichiro Fukasaku
  6. An evaluation of the initial impact of the medical assistance program for the poor in Georgia By Hou, Xiaohui; Chao, Shiyan

  1. By: Marek Góra; Oleksandr Rohozynsky
    Keywords: Gender earnings gap, personnel data, internal labor market, Russia
    Date: 2008
  2. By: Rutherford, Thomas; Tarr, David
    Abstract: This paper develops a seven-region comparative static computable general equilibrium model of Russia to assess the impact of accession to the World Trade Organization on these seven regions (the federal okrugs) of Russia. In order to assess poverty and distributional impacts, the model includes ten households in each of the seven federal okrugs, where household data are taken from the Household Budget Survey of Rosstat. The model allows for foreign direct investment in business services and endogenous productivity effects from additional varieties of business services and goods, which the analysis shows are crucial to the results. National welfare gains are about 4.5 percent of gross domestic product in the model, but in a constant returns to scale model they are only 0.1 percent. All deciles of the population in all seven federal okrugs can be expected to significantly gain from Russian World Trade Organization accession, but due to the capacity of their regions to attract foreign direct investment, households in the Northwest region gain the most, followed by households in the Far East and Volga regions. Households in Siberia and the Urals gain the least. Distribution impacts within regions are rather flat for the first nine deciles; but the richest decile of the population in the three regions that attract a lot of foreign investment gains significantly more than the other nine representative households in those regions.
    Keywords: Economic Theory&Research,Emerging Markets,Access to Finance,Debt Markets,Investment and Investment Climate
    Date: 2008–03–01
  3. By: T. Dohmen; H. Lehmann; A. Zaiceva
    Date: 2008–04
  4. By: Loukas Balafoutas
    Abstract: Households in the Black Sea Economic Co-operation (BSEC) and Central Asia (CA) regions have adopted coping strategies to withstand negative income shocks during the transition. The most common strategies include family and community support, emigration, and a wide range of activities in the informal sector. Some strategies persist today and are embedded in the new economic environment.
    Date: 2008–06
  5. By: Loukas Balafoutas; Kiichiro Fukasaku
    Abstract: Globalisation has brought benefits to the economies in the Black Sea Economic Co-operation (BSEC) and Central Asia (CA), but compounded volatility and uncertainty associated with the transition to market economy. Labour markets have been put under pressure, as BSEC-CA countries compete on the international arena. One important form of labour market adjustment has been a large amount of migration flows within the BSEC-CA region and to the neighbouring countries.
    Date: 2008–06
  6. By: Hou, Xiaohui; Chao, Shiyan
    Abstract: As part of the recent health reform effort, the government of Georgia launched a Medical Assistance Program in June 2006 to provide health insurance to its poor population. So far the program covers slightly over 50 percent of the poor and provides benefit coverage for outpatient and inpatient care. This paper estimates initial impact of the Medical Assistance Program and assesses whether the benefits have reached the poorest among those eligible, using utilization data from June 2006 to December 2006. Based on the analysis using a regression discontinuity design and a three-part model, the paper presents two main findings. First, the Medical Assistance Program has significantly increased utilization of acute surgeries/inpatient services by the poor. Second, the benefits have successfully reached the poorest among the poor. These two findings indicate that government efforts to improve the poor's access to and utilization of health services are yielding results. The paper emphasizes that the initial dramatic increase in surgeries must be interpreted with caution, given the possible misclassification or misreporting of acute surgeries in the data. The paper also stresses the need to continue monitoring implementation of the Medical Assistance Program and further improve program design, particularly the targeting mechanism, to achieve better efficiency, effectiveness and overall equity in access to health care services.
    Keywords: Health Monitoring&Evaluation,Health Systems Development&Reform,Health Economics&Finance,,Health Law
    Date: 2008–04–01

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