nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2006‒12‒16
two papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. Foreign direct investment and economic growth: Empirical evidence from Russian regions By Ledyaeva , Svetlana; Linden, Mikael
  2. Estimation of Individual Demand for Alcohol By Yuriy Andrienko; A. Nemtsov

  1. By: Ledyaeva , Svetlana (BOFIT); Linden, Mikael (BOFIT)
    Abstract: Barro and Sala-I-Martin empirical framework of neoclassical Solow-Swan model is specified to determine the FDI impact on per capita growth in 74 Russian regions during period of 1996-2003. The Arellano-Bond GMM-DIFF methodology, developed for dynamic panel data models, is used in estimations. Results imply that in general FDI (or related investment components) do not contribute significantly to economic growth in Russia in the analyzed period. Regional growth in 1996-2003 is explained by the initial level of region’s economic development, the 1998 financial crisis, domestic investments, and exports. However some evidence of positive aggregate FDI effects in higher-income regions is relevant. Another interesting result is that natural resource availability seems to be growth-inducing in rich regions, while in poor regions it is not significant. We also found convergence between poor and rich regions in Russia. However FDI seems not to play any significant role in the recent growth convergence process among Russian regions.
    Keywords: foreign direct investment (FDI); Russian regional economy; and economic growth
    JEL: E22 F21 P27
    Date: 2006–12–14
  2. By: Yuriy Andrienko (CEFIR); A. Nemtsov
    Abstract: Using individual data from RLMS, the longitudinal survey of the representative sample of the Russian population, we study static and dynamic models of demand for alcohol. We show the demand curve has traditional negative slope for any type of alcoholic drink: vodka, beer, and wine. We find substitution of moonshine for vodka with higher price on vodka and between vodka&beer with higher price on one of them. As a result of substitution vodka price has no impact on total ethanol consumption, while higher price on beer and wine reduce demand for ethanol. We also demonstrate that income has important effect on demand for alcoholic drinks. Risk to be drinker is rising with individual income. Higher income results in lower consumption of moonshine and in higher consumption of vodka, beer, and wine.
    Keywords: Alcohol; Demand; Russia
    JEL: I1 I18
    Date: 2006–01

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