nep-cis New Economics Papers
on Confederation of Independent States
Issue of 2006‒10‒21
three papers chosen by
Anna Y. Borodina
Perm State University

  1. Interregional Population Migration in Russia: Using an Origin-to-Destination Matrix By Kazuhiro Kumo
  2. Reinvesting in Children? Policies for the very young in South Eastern Europe and the CIS By Kitty Stewart; Carmen Huerta; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
  3. Impact redistributif des aides au logement en Russie : une analyse de " propensity score matching " By Matthieu Clément

  1. By: Kazuhiro Kumo
    Abstract: This study examines regional economic conditions and their effects on interregional population redistribution patterns in Russia. After reviewing striking changes in population flows before and after the collapse of the former Soviet Union, an application of the gravity model on population migration in Russia in 2003 is presented using a newly obtained interregional in- and out-migration flow matrix supplied by Rosstat (formerly Goskomstat). Gross migration patterns in since the year 2000, when large transformational population flows ceased, have not been investigated so far in the existing literature. The analysis conducted focuses on geographical factors, which have been basically omitted in existing literature on migration patterns in transformational Russia, and the attractiveness of Moscow regions and resource-mining areas is clearly presented.
    JEL: P36 R12 R23
    Date: 2006–07
  2. By: Kitty Stewart; Carmen Huerta; UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
    Abstract: Economic collapse in the former Communist bloc led to soaring levels of child poverty in the 1990s. The effects of rising unemployment, underemployment and wage arrears were exacerbated by the erosion of state support for families with children as governments responded to a collapse in revenue. Since 1998, even the poorer countries of the bloc - those in South Eastern Europe and the CIS - have seen a return to economic growth. But have the benefits of growth been felt by children? Are child support policies being restored or restructured as economic conditions improve, and to what effect? This paper examines three aspects of government support for the youngest children – maternity leave policy, child and family allowances and pre-school/nursery provision. The paper calls for governments and donors to pay greater attention to the needs of very young children. It calls for a substantial increase in public spending on each of these policy areas, and it further recommends that governments (a) introduce proxy means tests to improve the targeting of family allowances; (b) make maternity benefit available on a social assistance as well as a social insurance basis; and (c) make a commitment to ensuring that all 3-5 year olds have free access to some early years education each week, albeit on a part-time basis.
    Keywords: Child Poverty; Family Income;; Baltic States; Russia;
    JEL: J12
    Date: 2006
  3. By: Matthieu Clément (CED / IFReDE-GRES, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)
    Abstract: L’objectif de cet article est de questionner la capacité des aides au logement en Russie à venir en aide aux familles vulnérables face au renchérissement des coûts du logement. Afin de mener cette étude d’impact, nous recourons à une analyse de ‘propensity score matching’, à partir des données Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey de 2003. L’idée est de construire un groupe de comparaison captant la situation des ménages bénéficiaires avant l’allocation des aides, sur la base des caractéristiques observables des ménages non bénéficiaires. Finalement, la comparaison entre les distributions pré-intervention et post-intervention indique que l’aide publique au logement exerce un impact très limité sur le revenu des ménages et est incapable de réduire la pauvreté, en raison notamment d’un ciblage défaillant. The aim of this article is to discuss about the capacity of Russian housing benefits to help vulnerable families who face an increase of their housing costs. In order to undertake this incidence analysis, we use 'propensity score matching' techniques and micro-data from the Russia Longitudinal Survey Monitoring of 2003. The idea is to build a comparison group which describes the situation of beneficiaries households before they receive housing benefits, on the basis of observable characteristics of non-beneficiaries households. Finally, the comparison between the pre-intervention distribution and the post-intervention distribution indicate that public housing benefits have a very limited impact on households income and are unable to reduce poverty, because of a failing targeting. (Full text in french)
    JEL: I32 I38 H53 P20
    Date: 2006–11

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