nep-cfn New Economics Papers
on Corporate Finance
Issue of 2013‒12‒06
two papers chosen by
Zelia Serrasqueiro
University of the Beira Interior

  1. Women on Italian bank boards: are they “gold dust”? By Silvia Del Prete; Maria Lucia Stefani
  2. On the prediction of corporate financial distress in the light of the financial crisis: empirical evidence from Greek listed firms By Evangelos C. Charalambakis

  1. By: Silvia Del Prete (Bank of Italy); Maria Lucia Stefani (Bank of Italy)
    Abstract: Italy ranks among EU countries with the fewest women on bank boards. Using a rich dataset on Italian banks that combines individual data on bank governance with different measures of performance and risk, this paper analyses the determinants of the gender gap in top positions. Econometric results suggest that there is a “second glass ceiling” as they confirm a significantly lower probability of women holding top decision-making positions (Chairman, CEO, General Manager), other individual characteristics and bank features being equal. Moreover, results show that the number of women at the top is greater a) in banks belonging to the major banking groups, with larger and younger boards; and b) in banks that are more cost efficient or in those with a larger share of risky loans in the past (in need of restructuring). Preliminary evidence from performance equations suggests that the presence of women is negatively correlated with indicators of ex post riskiness, implying that credit policies are more stringent when women are on the board, possibly due to their higher risk aversion.
    Keywords: banking, corporate governance, gender diversity, board of directors.
    JEL: G21 G34 J16
    Date: 2013–06
  2. By: Evangelos C. Charalambakis (Bank of Greece)
    Abstract: This paper evaluates the impact of accounting and market-driven information on the prediction of bankruptcy for Greek firms using the discrete hazard approach. The findings show that a hazard model that incorporates three accounting ratio components of Z-score and three market-driven variables is the most appropriate model for the prediction of corporate financial distress in Greece. This model outperforms a univariate model that uses the expected default frequency (EDF) derived from the Merton distance to default model, a multivariate model that is exclusively based on accounting variables, a model that combines EDF and accounting variables and a multivariate model that uses only market-driven variables. In-sample forecast accuracy tests confirm the main results. The out-of-sample evidence also suggests that the model yields the highest predictive ability during financial crisis when using data prior to the financial crisis.
    Keywords: financial distress; financial forecasting; hazard model; expected default frequency
    JEL: G13 G17 G33 C41
    Date: 2013–10

This nep-cfn issue is ©2013 by Zelia Serrasqueiro. It is provided as is without any express or implied warranty. It may be freely redistributed in whole or in part for any purpose. If distributed in part, please include this notice.
General information on the NEP project can be found at For comments please write to the director of NEP, Marco Novarese at <>. Put “NEP” in the subject, otherwise your mail may be rejected.
NEP’s infrastructure is sponsored by the School of Economics and Finance of Massey University in New Zealand.