nep-cdm New Economics Papers
on Collective Decision-Making
Issue of 2022‒11‒21
four papers chosen by
Stan C. Weeber, McNeese State University

  1. Obvious Manipulations of tops-only Voting Rules By R. Pablo Arribillaga; Agustin Bonifacio
  2. Cash Transfer and Voter Turnout By Alexander James; Nathaly M. Rivera; Brock Smith
  3. A Glimpse of Freedom: Allied Occupation and Political Resistance in East Germany By Martinez, Luis R.; Jessen, Jonas; Xu, Guo
  4. Climate Change and Political Participation: Evidence from India By Amrit Amirapu; Irma Clots-Figueras; Juan Pablo Rud

  1. By: R. Pablo Arribillaga (Universidad Nacional de San Luis/CONICET); Agustin Bonifacio (Universidad Nacional de San Luis/CONICET)
    Abstract: In a voting problem with a finite set of alternatives to choose from, we study the manipulation of tops-only rules. Since all non-dictatorial (onto) voting rules are manipulable when there are more than two alternatives and all preferences are allowed, we look for rules in which manipulations are not obvious. First, we show that a rule does not have obvious manipulations if and only if when an agent vetoes an alternative it can do so with any preference that does not have such alternative in the top. Second, we focus on two classes of tops-only rules: (i) (generalized) median voter schemes, and (ii) voting by committees. For each class, we identify which rules do not have obvious manipulations on the universal domain of preferences.
    Keywords: obvious manipulations, tops-onlyness, (generalized) median voting schemes, voting by committees, voting by quota.
    JEL: D71 D72
    Date: 2022–11
  2. By: Alexander James; Nathaly M. Rivera; Brock Smith
    Abstract: We estimate the effect of cash transfers on voter turnout, leveraging a large-scale natural experiment, the Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD) program, which provides residents with a check of varying size one month before election day. We find that larger transfers cause people to vote, especially in gubernatorial elections in which a 10% increase in cash ($182) causes a 1.4 percentage point increase in turnout. Effects are concentrated among racial minorities, the young, and poor. There is little evidence that transfers reduce logistical costs of voting, but rather operate by reducing voter apathy among the low-income electorate.
    Date: 2022–10
  3. By: Martinez, Luis R. (University of Chicago); Jessen, Jonas (European University Viadrina, Frankfurt / Oder); Xu, Guo (UC Berkeley)
    Abstract: This paper exploits the idiosyncratic line of contact separating Allied and Soviet troops within East Germany at the end of WWII to study political resistance in a non-democracy. When Nazi Germany surrendered, 40% of what would become the authoritarian German Democratic Republic was initially under Allied control but was ceded to Soviet control less than two months later. Brief Allied exposure increased protests during the major 1953 uprising. We use novel data on the appointment of local mayors and a retrospective survey to argue that even a "glimpse of freedom" can foster civilian opposition to dictatorship.
    Keywords: East Germany, political resistance, protest, autocracy, spatial RDD, World War II
    JEL: F51 H10 N44 P20
    Date: 2022–09
  4. By: Amrit Amirapu; Irma Clots-Figueras; Juan Pablo Rud
    Abstract: Can democratic politics provide a means for responding to climate change? We explore this question by studying the effects of extreme temperatures on Indian elections between 2009 and 2017. We find that areas exposed to extreme temperatures experience an increase in voter turnout and a change in the composition of the pool of candidates who stand for election. As a consequence, electoral outcomes are affected. We provide evidence that the negative effect of climate change on agricultural productivity is the most important driver of our results. In particular, we show that the positive relationship between temperatures and turnout mirrors the negative effect on agricultural productivity and we find that winning candidates are more likely to have an agricultural background. Politicians with an agricultural background invest more on irrigation, which mitigates the effects of high temperatures, both on agricultural production and on turnout. Our paper provides new evidence about the ways in which agents in developing countries (including both voters and candidates) may respond to climate change via political channels.
    Keywords: climate change; political economy; voter turnout
    JEL: O13 P48 Q54
    Date: 2022–11

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