nep-cdm New Economics Papers
on Collective Decision-Making
Issue of 2022‒04‒18
seven papers chosen by
Stan C. Weeber, McNeese State University

  1. Technological Change, Campaign Spending and Polarization By Pau Balart; Agustín Casas; Orestis Troumpounis
  2. Distance matters: The size of countries and the nationalization of politics. By Ignacio Lago; Santiago Lago-Peñas
  3. Japanese Attitudes Toward Immigrants' Voting Rights: Evidence from Survey Experiments By IGARASHI Akira; ONO Yoshikuni
  4. Stable Decompositions of Coalition Formation Games By Agustín G. Bonifacio; Elena Inarra; Pablo Neme
  5. For God, Tsar and Fatherland? The Political Influence of Church By Ekaterina Travova
  6. What role do local elections play for societal peace in Nepal? Evidence from post-conflict Nepal By Fiedler, Charlotte; Mross, Karina; Berg, Anna; Bhattarai, Prakash; Drees, Dorothea; Kornprobst, Tim; Leibbrandt, Alexandra; Liegmann, Philipp; Riebsamen, Maleen
  7. Dynamic groups in complex task environments: To change or not to change a winning team? By Dar\'io Blanco-Fern\'andez; Stephan Leitner; Alexandra Rausch

  1. By: Pau Balart ((Universitat de les Illes Balears); Agustín Casas (CUNEF); Orestis Troumpounis ((Lancaster University/University of Padova)
    Abstract: We present a model of electoral competition with endogenous platforms and campaign spending where the division of voters between impressionable and ideological is also endogenous and depends on parties’ strategic platform choices. Our approach results in a tractable model that provides interesting comparative statics on the effect of recent technological advancements. For instance, we can accommodate a new justification behind the well-documented simultaneous increase in campaign spending and polarization: an increase in the effectiveness of electoral advertising or a decrease in the electorate’s political awareness, surely increases polarization and may also increase campaign spending.
    Keywords: electoral competition, office motives, endogenous valence, campaign spending, impressionable voters, semiorder lexicographic preferences
    JEL: D72
    Date: 2022–01
  2. By: Ignacio Lago; Santiago Lago-Peñas
    Abstract: Relying on global data from democratic elections in 80 countries from 1800 to 2016, we examine whether the general process of nationalization of voting behavior is driven by country size. We argue that in the early stages of democracies in the nineteenth century, local concerns were more diverse and prominent for voters as countries became larger. As a result, national integration should have a stronger effect on the nationalization of electoral politics in large countries. The results from a longitudinal analysis confirm that the process of nationalization is a large-country phenomenon that took place mainly until World War I.
    Keywords: country size; democracy; elections; nationalization.
    JEL: H72 H74 H77
    Date: 2022–04
  3. By: IGARASHI Akira; ONO Yoshikuni
    Abstract: The presence of native allies is important for the success of immigrants' social movements in East Asian countries, as the number of immigrants is relatively low. However, it remains unclear whether advocacy messages from natives or from immigrants are more effective in changing the attitudes of natives to support policies for immigrants. From the perspective of social identity theory, we hypothesized that the effectiveness of persuasive messages would vary depending on the group issuing the message. To test this, we conducted a survey experiment using a Japanese case of granting local voting rights to immigrants. Our results showed that Japanese support for granting immigrants local voting rights did not decrease when they heard an advocacy message from Japanese but decreased when it came from a Korean immigrant whose voting rights are highly relevant. These results suggest that advocacy messages from natives may lead to more support for immigrants.
    Date: 2022–02
  4. By: Agustín G. Bonifacio (Universidad Nacional de San Luis/CONICET); Elena Inarra (University of the Basque Country); Pablo Neme (Universidad Nacional de San Luis/CONICET)
    Abstract: It is known that a coalition formation game may not have a stable coalition structure. In this study we propose a new solution concept for these games, which we call “stable decomposition”, and show that each game has at least one. This solution consists of a collection of coalitions organized in sets that “protect” each other in a stable way. When sets of this collection are singletons, the stable decomposition can be identified with a stable coalition structure. As an application, we study convergence to stability in coalition formation games.
    Keywords: Coalition formation, matching, absorbing sets, stable decompositions.
    JEL: C71 C78
    Date: 2022–01
  5. By: Ekaterina Travova
    Abstract: This paper investigates the influence of the Orthodox Church network in Post-Soviet Russia on individual political preferences and election results. I use the numbers of monks and nuns from Orthodox monasteries operated in the Russian Empire before the Revolution as historical religious markers to construct a Bartik-style instrument (1991). I find that a denser Church network increases the average local approval rating for the current president and the share of votes cast for the government candidate in presidential elections. Further analysis of mechanisms shows that, today, the extending Church network is increasingly less able to attract people to attend church and to substantially increase the share of practicing believers. However, it does affect the political preferences of those who, regardless of their faith in God, self-identify as Orthodox. The potential channel for persuasion is media.
    Keywords: Orthodoxy; Church; Approval; Election; National Identity; Media;
    JEL: D83 N33 N34 P16 Z12 Z13
    Date: 2022–03
  6. By: Fiedler, Charlotte; Mross, Karina; Berg, Anna; Bhattarai, Prakash; Drees, Dorothea; Kornprobst, Tim; Leibbrandt, Alexandra; Liegmann, Philipp; Riebsamen, Maleen
    Abstract: Can local elections introduced in a post-conflict context help to foster societal peace, or do they create new potential for conflict? The value of post-conflict elections has been the matter of controversial academic debates. However, this literature largely neglects to take into account the role of local elections. Based on the literature, we formulate three hypotheses on how local elections might impact societal peace, focussing on the periods before, during and after an election. The first focusses on the potential negative effects of identity-based mobilisation before an election, while the latter two lead us to expect positive effects - either through increased participation through the vote during an election, or improved responsiveness as a consequence after an election. We study each of these three mechanisms in Nepal, a country that experienced almost 10 years of civil war up until 2006 and where local elections were reintroduced in 2017. Combining 79 qualitative interviews at the national and local levels with insights from a large-n survey of 1,400 respondents, we find that overall the reintroduction of local elections had a clear positive impact on societal peace in Nepal. In particular, the results show that the elections increased participation and responsiveness, which has positively affected political trust and reduced (the potential for) political violence. Overall, this paper thereby contributes to the academic debate on the role of elections for peace, calling to attention the positive role local elections can play. It also demonstrates the benefits of moving beyond a narrow definition of peace in relatively stable post-conflict contexts to take a closer look at the effect of political institutions on societal dynamics.
    Date: 2022
  7. By: Dar\'io Blanco-Fern\'andez; Stephan Leitner; Alexandra Rausch
    Abstract: Organisations rely upon group formation to solve complex tasks, and groups often adapt to the demands of the task they face by changing their composition periodically. Previous research comes to ambiguous results regarding the effects of group adaptation on task performance. This paper aims to understand the impact of group adaptation, defined as a process of periodically changing a group's composition, on complex task performance and considers the moderating role of individual learning and task complexity in this relationship. We base our analyses on an agent-based model of adaptive groups in a complex task environment based on the NK-framework. The results indicate that reorganising well-performing groups might be beneficial, but only if individual learning is restricted. However, there are also cases in which group adaptation might unfold adverse effects. We provide extensive analyses that shed additional light on and, thereby, help explain the ambiguous results of previous research.
    Date: 2022–03

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