nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2023‒02‒13
seven papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. A Comparative Study of the Opportunities & Threats of Turkish & Russian Economic Plans in Central Asia for Iran By Mohammad Farhadi
  2. Addressing Food Insecurity in Crisis-Stricken Lebanon By abou zaki, souhad; Dagher, Leila; Salam, Amin
  3. “Advancing Evidence-based Policy in Crisis Management: Field Survey Findings By Dagher, Leila; Jamali, Ibrahim; Abi Younes, Oussama; Fattal, Maya
  4. By Mohamed Bouklia
  5. By Mohammed B Salma
  6. By Zahaf Youcef; Chibi Abderrahim
  7. ‬أثر شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي في تسويق المقصد السياحي في ظل جائحة كوفيد-19 "دراسة تحليلية في الوكالات السياحية في الجزائر". By Benzeghioua Hibatellah; Radjef Nacera; Benzeghioua Mohamed

  1. By: Mohammad Farhadi (Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Tajikistan)
    Abstract: The present study seeks to make a comparative study of the opportunities & threats of Turkish & Russian economic projects in Central Asia for Iran. Therefore, using the content analysis method & the theme matrix type by performing indirect observation (analysis of texts), research data are collected as a purposeful sampling method from existing texts & through thematic coding, themes, opportunities & project threats. The economic relations of Russia & Turkey in Central Asia were identified for Iran & finally compared & analyzed in terms of commonalities & differences. Findings showed that the common denominator of Turkish & Russian economic plans in Central Asia for Iran in terms of opportunity is to increase Iran's geopolitical importance & expand Iran's relations with countries involved in these economic plans. In addition, the difference between Russian & Turkish economic plans in Central Asia for Iran in terms of threat, having negative political & economic consequences due to the implementation of Russian economic plans, inconsistency of Iran & Turkey development policies in Central Asia & weakening Iran's position due to Turkey is pursuing Occidentalism policies in the region. In order to validate the qualitative findings, the audit method & the formation of a focal group have been used for its reliability & the reproducibility as well as the transferability or generalizability.
    Keywords: Economic Projects, Central Asia, China, India, Iran
    Date: 2022–12–21
  2. By: abou zaki, souhad; Dagher, Leila; Salam, Amin
    Abstract: Almost three years into the economic crisis, Lebanon shows no sign of recovery. The sharp decline in economic activity, coupled with the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and rising inflation, has pushed thousands of Lebanese households into poverty and unemployment. In addition to the rising poverty, the heavily indebted country that has long been struggling with structural macroeconomic anomalies and persistent political instability is now haunted by the sinister memories of the “great famine.” Concerns about food and nutrition insecurity are intensifying at both the national and sub-national levels as the main food security indicators started to follow an alarming trajectory. Thus, there is a pressing need for government to prioritize food security and take immediate actions to prevent hunger and malnutrition. Examining the changing trends in the four main food security pillars, this brief provides several actionable policy recommendations that are urgently needed to strengthen food security in the short and medium-term, at both the national and household levels, recognizing the need for a more comprehensive food security plan that addresses food and nutrition security in its totality.
    Keywords: lebanon; food security; poverty; food inflation
    JEL: H12 H53 H55 I3
    Date: 2022–07
  3. By: Dagher, Leila; Jamali, Ibrahim; Abi Younes, Oussama; Fattal, Maya
    Abstract: This report presents preliminary findings from the field surveys conducted as part of the project led by AUB and funded by the National Endowment for Democracy: “Advancing Evidence-Based Policy in Crisis Management.” The project aims to monitor the impact of the multi-dimensional crises Lebanon is facing, on multiple economic sectors, and subsequently advance evidence-based policy reforms that respond to citizens’ priorities. For this purpose, the assessment carried out had two main objectives: (i) gathering information about the socio-economic impacts of the crisis, and (ii) data on coping mechanisms. This preliminary report will be followed by a more detailed final report containing analysis of qualitative and quantitative data collected through surveys and interviews. Studies have found that collecting more information (qualitative and quantitative) on households’ vulnerability to poverty could help inform policy. The final report will present a more comprehensive analysis and make some policy recommendations.
    Keywords: lebanon; poverty; economic crisis; energy poverty; coping mechanisms
    JEL: O17 O38 R28
    Date: 2022–05
  4. By: Mohamed Bouklia (University of Algiers 3 : Université d' Alger 3)
    Abstract: This study dealt with the importance of foreign direct investment in Algeria and its impact on its trade balance during the time period of 2003-2018 using the ARDL model. The study concluded that foreign direct investment, gross domestic product and exchange rate have a positive impact on trade balance, and that economic openness has a negative impact on trade balance. Hence, the study recommends diversifying exports by attracting foreign direct investment in the non-oil sectors in order to improve national economy.
    Keywords: Foreign Investment Trade balance Model ARDL. JEL Classification Codes: F32 F17, Foreign Investment, Trade balance, Model ARDL. JEL Classification Codes: F32, F17
    Date: 2022–12–04
  5. By: Mohammed B Salma (KSU - King Saud University [Riyadh])
    Abstract: The Arabian Peninsula witnessed a prosperous economic activity during antiquity, considering that economic exchange was the backbone of human life. This research aims to present an analytical study on the economic relations between the regions of the Arabian Peninsula in the light of the Marxist theory that supports the decisive role of the economic factor in history, especially since the regions of the Arabian Peninsula are rich in multiple products, which led to the diversity of aspects of economic activity "agricultural, animal and industrial". In turn, it was reflected in the internal economic relations between the regions of the Arabian Peninsula through the routes and cities of the trade caravans. The external interventions (Ptolemaic and Roman) negatively affected the internal relations between the south and north of the Arabian Peninsula.The economic aspect was the basis on which the relations between the south and north of the Arabian Peninsula were built, and the economic theory of Karl Marx was applied to it, as economic cooperation contributed to its development and growth, and also caused its transformation or end.
    Keywords: Economic, Arabian Peninsula, relations, Marxist theory, roads. JEL Classification Codes: A11 B14 D51 F43, roads. JEL Classification Codes: A11, B14, D51, F43
    Date: 2022–12–04
  6. By: Zahaf Youcef (maghnia University center, Algeria); Chibi Abderrahim (maghnia University center, Algeria)
    Abstract: Our study highlights the importance of the fiscal theory of price level, showing the role of FTPL in the interaction and coordination between monetary-fiscal policies under different economic regimes (ricardian and non-ricardian). Depending on analytic methodology, the main results show that the economics regime is an important determinant of the theory of price level and the coordination way between policies. Besides, in Algeria, it is inevitable to choose FTPL according to its economic capabilities.
    Keywords: Fiscal theory price level ricardian regime non ricardian regime Algeria monetary fiscal interplay. JEL Classification Codes:E62 E63 H03 O23, Fiscal theory, price level, ricardian regime, non ricardian regime, Algeria, monetary fiscal interplay.
    Date: 2022–12–04
  7. By: Benzeghioua Hibatellah (TIPAZA UNIVERSITY CENTER DZA - Partenaires IRSTEA - IRSTEA - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture); Radjef Nacera (TIPAZA UNIVERSITY CENTER DZA - Partenaires IRSTEA - IRSTEA - Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l'environnement et l'agriculture); Benzeghioua Mohamed (UMBB - Université M'Hamed Bougara Boumerdes)
    Abstract: يعتبر القطاع السياحي من القطاعات الأكثر استفادة من شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي، وقد تعاظمت مكانة هذه المواقع من خلال الدور الذي لعبته في تسويق المقصد السياحي، وخصوصا المنتجات السياحية الداخلية للدول خلال فترة الجائحة العالمية (covid-19). ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة تم الاستعانة بالمنهج الوصفي التحليلي، وتجميع البيانات من خلال الأدبيات المنشورة والاحصائيات الدولية والاعتماد على مقابلة. وخلصت الدراسة الى أنّ استخدام شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي ساهم في زيادة عدد الزبائن المتعاملين مع الوكالات عينة البحث.
    Abstract: The impact of social networks on marketing the tourist destination in light of the Covid-91 pandemic "An analytical study of the tourism agencies in Algeria". The tourism sector is considered one of the sectors that benefit the most from social networks; The status of these sites has increased through the role they played in marketing the tourist destination, especially the internal tourism products of countries during the pandemic (covid-19); to achieve the objectives of the study, the descriptive analytical approach was used, and data was collected through published literature and international statistics, as well as relying on interviews. The study concluded that the use of social networks contributed to an increase in the number of clients dealing with the agencies of the research sample
    Date: 2022–12–04

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