nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2022‒04‒18
ten papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Fostering social businesses and formalising the informal economy in MENA countries By Philippe Adair; Vladimir Hlasny; Mariem Omrani; Kareem Sharabi Rosshandler
  2. Funding female entrepreneurs in MENA countries (2013-2019): self-selection and discrimination By Imène Berguiga; Philippe Adair
  3. The new development model and public management control in Morocco By Mohammed Eddaou; Mohammed Hafiane
  4. Financial Literacy and Cash Holdings in Turkey By Mustafa Recep Bilici; Saygin Cevik
  5. United Arab Emirates: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report By International Monetary Fund
  6. United Arab Emirates: Selected Issues By International Monetary Fund
  7. Jordan Refugee Livelihoods Development Impact Bond Evaluation Framework By Evan Borkum; Paolo Abarcar; Laura Meyer; Matthew Spitzer
  8. Arab Republic of Egypt: Technical Assistance Report-Improving Surveillance of Public-Private Partnerships By International Monetary Fund
  9. Agricultural sector review in Lebanon By Dal, Eléonore; Díaz-González, Ana María; Morales Opazo, Cristian; Vigani, Mauro
  10. The middle east : decline and resurgence in west Asia By Mohamed Saleh

  1. By: Philippe Adair; Vladimir Hlasny; Mariem Omrani; Kareem Sharabi Rosshandler
    Date: 2022
  2. By: Imène Berguiga; Philippe Adair
    Date: 2022
  3. By: Mohammed Eddaou (Université Mohammed Premier [Oujda]); Mohammed Hafiane
    Keywords: New development model,vertical view of the organisation,horizontal view of the organisation,public management control,public audit
    Date: 2022–02–25
  4. By: Mustafa Recep Bilici; Saygin Cevik
    Abstract: This paper examines the effect of financial literacy level on cash holdings in Turkey. Utilizing the Methods of Payment Survey, which includes both financial literacy and cash-related data, we first investigate the fundamentals of financial literacy in Turkey. Based on the performance on financial literacy questions, we categorize respondents into three groups. Subsequently, we analyze how cash holding behavior differs among financial literacy groups. Our results reveal that financially literate respondents tend to hold less cash on hand and store more cash elsewhere. Moreover, card ownership increases through financial literacy and the change in payment behavior of financially literate respondents is more significant during Covid-19 pandemic. The results imply that promoting financial literacy may result in less cash usage at points of sale accompanied by the currency in circulation growth, due to the overwhelming effect of increased non-transactional demand following a positive change in financial literacy level.
    Keywords: Financial literacy, Money demand, Cash demand
    JEL: C50 E41 G53
    Date: 2022
  5. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: A swift policy response helped mitigate the economic impact of the twin COVID-19 and oil price shocks and contain the initial spread of the virus. A gradual recovery driven by the non-oil sector is underway, following a deep recession in 2020. Fiscal and external balances have improved with recent oil price increases. The UAE is among the world leaders in delivering vaccinations, with nearly 85 percent of the population fully vaccinated as of October 2021.
    Keywords: manufacturing sector producer price index; reform effort; CPI data; CPI basket weight; Policy discussion; liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident; Oil prices; Loans; Financial sector stability; Global
    Date: 2022–02–17
  6. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: Selected Issues
    Keywords: capital market development; firm Level TFP growth; productivity in the UAE; implementation date; money market rate; monetary policy transmission; corridor system; Total factor productivity; Productivity; Structural reforms; Money markets; Labor markets; Global
    Date: 2022–02–17
  7. By: Evan Borkum; Paolo Abarcar; Laura Meyer; Matthew Spitzer
    Abstract: This report describes Mathematica's design for the evaluation of the first ever Development Impact Bond in a refugee context. The evaluation seeks to measure the metrics to determine payments to investors and generate broader learning about the program's impacts.
    Keywords: Development impact bond, Jordan, refugees, livelihoods, microenterprises
  8. By: International Monetary Fund
    Abstract: This report summarizes key findings and recommendations of two off-site visits made by Mr. Benoit Wiest, Public Financial Management Advisor at METAC, and Ms. Katja Funke, Expert, between December 2020 and April 2021. The mission worked with the Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) unit to develop capacities and transparency of fiscal risk management, and support the update of the regulatory framework, as well as the analysis of fiscal risks from PPPs.
    Date: 2022–02–25
  9. By: Dal, Eléonore; Díaz-González, Ana María; Morales Opazo, Cristian; Vigani, Mauro
    Abstract: The Agricultural Sector Review aims to provide an up-to-date picture of the current socio-economic situation of the agricultural sector in Lebanon and to identify key challenges and evidence-based strategies for policy-making. The first part provides a detailed overview of Lebanon's agricultural and food systems, including a section focused on the governance the overall policy framework and the specific policies currently governing the sector. The second part of this study consists of an identification of the challenges and issues that are currently affecting and constraining the development of the Lebanese agricultural sector to its full potential. Once identified these challenges, the study proposes several potential strategies and recommendations that could be applied at the policy-making level to drive the improvement of the sector. Finally, we provide a discussion towards a renewed national agricultural strategy; in which we reviewed some lessons learned from previous success stories in the agricultural sector in Lebanon and compile the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of the agricultural sector.
    Keywords: Agricultural and Food Policy
  10. By: Mohamed Saleh (TSE - Toulouse School of Economics - UT1 - Université Toulouse 1 Capitole - Université Fédérale Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)
    Abstract: The second volume of The Cambridge Economic History of the Modern World explores the development of modern economic growth from 1870 to the present. Leading experts in economic history offer a series of regional studies from around the world, as well as thematic analyses of key factors governing the differential outcomes in different parts of the global economy. Topics covered include human capital, capital and technology, geography and institutions, living standards and inequality, trade and immigration, international finance, and warfare and empire.
    Date: 2021–06

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