nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2022‒03‒21
four papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Bridging the Bosporus: The Future of Town Twinning between the EU and Turkey By Manzoni, Daniel; Gil-Besada, Laura
  2. Farm production diversity and women's dietary diversity: evidence from central Tunisia By Cédric Gaillard; Eric O. Verger; Sandrine Dury; Marie Claude Dop; Jalila El Ati; . Medina Study Group
  3. Financial Market Inclusion and Economic Growth: Evidence from Algeria By CHIAD, Faycal; Aouissi, Amine; Lahsasna, Ahcene
  4. Corporate governance, market orientation and performance of Iran’s upscale hotels By Soheil Kazemian; Hadrian Djajadikerta; Jamaliah Said; Saiyidi Roni; Terri Trireksani; Md. Mahmudul Alam

  1. By: Manzoni, Daniel; Gil-Besada, Laura
    Abstract: This paper studies sister city relations between the EU and Turkey. Town twinning agreements have been used as a means to promote EU values. Over the past decades, town twinning agreements have seen an enormous widening. Mindful of the deterioration of EU-Turkey relations, the paper suggests three future scenarios for the development of EU-Turkey town twinning relations.
    Date: 2020–06–21
  2. By: Cédric Gaillard (UMR MoISA - Montpellier Interdisciplinary center on Sustainable Agri-food systems (Social and nutritional sciences) - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - CIHEAM-IAMM - Centre International de Hautes Etudes Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Institut Agronomique Méditerranéen de Montpellier - CIHEAM - Centre International de Hautes Études Agronomiques Méditerranéennes - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, Cirad-ES - Département Environnements et Sociétés - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement); Eric O. Verger (IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement); Sandrine Dury (Cirad-DG - Cirad Direction Générale - Cirad - Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement); Marie Claude Dop (NutriPass - Nutrition et Alimentation des Populations aux Suds - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - UM1 - Université Montpellier 1 - UM2 - Université Montpellier 2 - Sciences et Techniques - Montpellier SupAgro - Institut national d’études supérieures agronomiques de Montpellier - UM - Université de Montpellier); Jalila El Ati (INNTA - Institut National de Nutrition et de Technologie Alimentaire (Tunis)); . Medina Study Group
    Abstract: In the context of studies on the effects of agricultural production diversity, there are debates in the scientific community as to the level of diversification appropriate for improving dietary diversity. In Tunisia, agriculture is a strategic sector for the economy and a critical pillar of its food sovereignty. Using instrumental variable methods to account for endogeneity, we have estimated the association between agricultural production diversity and women's dietary diversity among smallholder farming households in the Sidi Bouzid governorate (central Tunisia). Although we found a low level of agricultural production diversity and a fairly diversified diet among women, we observed a systematic weak positive association between five different indicators of agricultural production diversity and women's dietary diversity. We observed a stronger positive association between women's dietary diversity and women being more educated and households being wealthier. Neither diversity of food supplies in food markets nor market distance were associated with women's dietary diversity, whereas we observed a higher level of consumption of some products (dairy) when they were produced on the farm.
    Date: 2022–02–07
  3. By: CHIAD, Faycal; Aouissi, Amine; Lahsasna, Ahcene
    Abstract: In this paper, we investigated the relationship between financial inclusion (FI), trade openness (TO), human development (HD), and GDP growth in Algeria. Our data set covers annual times series data from 1980 to 2018. The autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) bounds test was used to examine the cointegration between variables due to mixed orders of integration I(0) and I(1).The results indicate that financial inclusion, trade openness, human development have a positive and significant impact on economic growth in the short and long-run, thereby confirming the strength of the finance-growth connections. Granger-causality test confirms that there is bi-directional causality between financial inclusion and economic growth.
    Keywords: Financial inclusion, Economic Growth, ARDL, Algeria
    JEL: O10
    Date: 2021
  4. By: Soheil Kazemian (ECU - Edith Cowan University); Hadrian Djajadikerta (ECU - Edith Cowan University); Jamaliah Said (UiTM - Universiti Teknologi MARA [Shah Alam]); Saiyidi Roni (Murdoch University); Terri Trireksani (Murdoch University); Md. Mahmudul Alam (UUM - Universiti Utara Malaysia)
    Abstract: Market orientation has been known as an efficient managerial tool to assist in sustaining the performance of organisations. Market orientation has three dimensions, namely customer orientation, competitor orientation and inter-function coordination. This paper evaluates how corporate governance influences the three dimensions of market orientation within Iran's upscale hotels. The impacts of the three dimensions of market orientation on the hotels' social and financial performance are also examined to determine if market orientation mediates the relationships between corporate governance and performance. Partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) is used to analyse the survey data collected from the executives of four- and five-star hotels in Mashhad, Iran. Results show that corporate governance positively influences the three dimensions of market orientation, while overall market orientation influences financial and social performance. Specifically, customer orientation and inter-function coordination significantly reinforce such mediation, whereas the influence of competitor orientation is limited to financial performance.
    Keywords: upscale hotels,tourism and hospitality,social performance,financial performance,market orientation,Corporate governance,Iran,partial least squares,PLS
    Date: 2021

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