nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2022‒01‒17
seven papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. The Determinants of Consumer Cash Usage in Turkey By Saygin Cevik; Dilan Teber
  2. Big data in Morocco's transport and logistics sector By Anas Aboutaoufik
  3. Study of the Socio-Economic Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis in Morocco By AITOUTOUHEN, latifa
  4. Food for Trade or Food for National Food Security: A Dilemma for Drylands By Rabi Mohtar
  5. Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway - Part III: The Costs and Benefits of the Energy Transition By Rim Berahab; Chami Abdelilah; Derj Atar; Hammi Ibtissem; Morazzo Mariano; Naciri Yassine; Zarkik Afaf
  6. Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway Part II: Updated Decarbonization Scenarios By Rim Berahab; Chami Abdelilah; Derj Atar; Hammi Ibtissem; Morazzo Mariano; Naciri Yassine; Zarkik Afaf
  7. Autonomisation économique de la femme marocaine au-delà du mode compassionnel By Bouchra Rahmouni

  1. By: Saygin Cevik; Dilan Teber
    Abstract: This paper investigates the determinants of consumer cash usage in daily transactions in Turkey using a probit model. In doing so, we use the results of the Methods of Payment Survey conducted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in 2020. The survey results indicate that cash is still the most common form of payment in Turkey, despite recent technological innovations in payment systems. The results show that the likelihood of cash usage increases for the amounts that match currency denominations and convenient prices, while it decreases for the amounts for which the consumer receives a coin change. Also, the likelihood of cash usage decreases with education and income level and increases with age and being a paid employee. As for the transaction characteristics, we find that the likelihood of cash usage decreases with an increase in transaction size and that cash is more frequently used for low-value transactions. It is also worth noting that having greater cash balances at the beginning of the day increases the probability of using cash for all transaction amounts.
    Keywords: Cash; Payment behavior; Convenient prices; Probit model
    JEL: C25 E42 E58
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Anas Aboutaoufik (UIT - Université Ibn Tofaïl)
    Abstract: Big data is revolutionizing many fields of business, and logistics analytics is one of them, In this article, we aim to establish the level of use of big data in the transport and logistics sector in Morocco, we will define in a first place the concept of big data and its emergence, then we will try to illustrate the positioning of Morocco in this area, we will return after the results of a study conducted among logistics and transport operators in Morocco about the adoption of big data.
    Keywords: Morocco,Transport,Logistics,Big Data
    Date: 2021–05–30
  3. By: AITOUTOUHEN, latifa
    Abstract: In late December 2019, the world is shaken by a pandemic caused by Covid-19 virus which has struck almost every continent without exception and claimed millions of lives. The health crisis caused by this pandemic was very quickly accompanied in several countries by a socio-economic crisis, in particular due to the disastrous implications of the confinement and the shutdown of activity in several economic sectors. Morocco, like almost all the countries of the world, is facing an unprecedented socio-economic scenario, dictated by the spread of the pandemic of the new coronavirus Covid-19. Through this paper, we will deepen an analysis of the various socio- economic effects caused by this crisis of COVID-19 at the national economy. This study also reviews recent trends and updates aimed at further understanding the problem of coronaviruses.
    Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Socio-economic impact, contagion, Effect’s spillover, Moroccan economy.
    JEL: E23 E24 E26 F13 F43 G01 H12 H63 I15 I25
    Date: 2021–12–16
  4. By: Rabi Mohtar
    Abstract: Addressing the increasing demands for water, energy, and food requires a coherent methodology to ensure that societies have access to them and that conflict over them is avoided. For example, agriculture and food production require water and energy; energy production also requires water and, in some instances, agricultural products. Water distribution and treatment can be very energy intensive. Therefore, the benefits of approaching the Water- Energy-Food (WEF) nexus in an integrated way are gaining popularity. The public sector, the private sector, civil society, combined with the geopolitical and socio-economic-climatic environment are all interactors that form a complex web in the management of these fundamental resources. The MENA region relies heavily on international trade to ensure national food and nutrition securities and, with world crises and changing global landscapes, this has created a concern among nations as to whether it is sustainable or focusing on creating greater food selfsufficiency is a better alternative. This policy brief illustrates the use of computer decision support systems (DSS) to aid in the underst
    Date: 2021–12
  5. By: Rim Berahab; Chami Abdelilah; Derj Atar; Hammi Ibtissem; Morazzo Mariano; Naciri Yassine; Zarkik Afaf
    Abstract: Morocco's significant renewable energy resources offer an unprecedented opportunity to anchor the country’s economic and political choices in the energy transition, and to turn the transition into an essential lever for economic development. This is all the more relevant as the costs of renewable energies have dropped over the past 10 years2, and now offer strong potential, not only for creating green jobs but for ensuring a dynamic and resilient economic growth as well. In 2020, nearly 20% of Morocco's electricity production was provided by renewable energy resources (RES), while the installed capacity of RES was around 36%. Morocco's ambition is to reach a target of 52% of installed RES capacity by 2030, reinforcing the country's commitment to energy transition and decarbonization. However, this transition must also be sustainable from a socio-economic point of view and must ensure that ‘no one is left behind’. It is, therefore, necessary to quantify the costs and benefits of the energy transition, in order to identify the right policy approaches and mitigate the potential negative effects of the transition on growth, particularly in terms of industrial competitiveness, employment, and citizens' purchasing power. Part II of the Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway Policy Brief series presented an update of the decarbonization scenarios. It revealed that in the Increased Ambition and Green Development scenarios, Morocco would achieve higher decarbonization targets than the current policy. Decarbonization targets will be achieved mainly thanks to extensive electrification of the final sectors and increasing RES in the generation mix. More specifically, the transportation, power generation, and residential sectors will be crucial to the decarbonization of Morocco’s energy consumption. This third Policy Brief in the series presents the results of a cost-benefit analysis, performed to identify the technological levers of the energy transition in Morocco, and to estimate the global economic benefit of modeled scenarios presented in Part II, both at national and sectoral levels.
    Date: 2021–07
  6. By: Rim Berahab; Chami Abdelilah; Derj Atar; Hammi Ibtissem; Morazzo Mariano; Naciri Yassine; Zarkik Afaf
    Abstract: The consequences of climate change are becoming progressively more visible in Morocco. Changes in rainfall patterns and drought, increases in average temperatures and heatwaves, flooding, and rising sea levels are increasingly affecting several regions. Yet, Morocco has a relatively low greenhouse gas (GHG) emission rate, compared to other countries. In 20162, Morocco’s total GHG emissions reached 86127.7 gigagram of carbon dioxide equivalent (Gg CO2-eq), totaling around 0.2% of global GHG emissions. However, emission levels are anticipated to increase significantly in the coming decades as a result of the country’s continuing economic development.
    Date: 2021–07
  7. By: Bouchra Rahmouni
    Abstract: La crise sanitaire de la Covid-19 a mis en exergue les limites de la société-monde. En effet, sans la femme on ne peut faire face aux défis du millénaire et l’on ne peut surpasser les impacts de la pandémie et les bouleversements révolutionnaires qu’elle génère et qu’elle continuera à générer. Dans le contexte de la Journée des droits de la femme, on ne peut s’empêcher de s’arrêter devant le rôle central que joue la femme marocaine en tant qu’acteur moteur du développement économique. Multiples sont les avancées réalisées au Maroc en matière d’égalité, à commencer par la Constitution de 2011 qui prône la parité et la lutte contre toute forme de discrimination. La Vision royale n’a de cesse de placer les intérêts de la femme au premier plan et reflète le choix ferme de son autonomisation à tous les niveaux. Ainsi, il est nécessaire de veiller à la mise en place d’outils, notamment un code de l’égalité du genre dans le marché du travail, permettant d’accompagner cette ambition, avec la régionalisation avancée comme pilier d’action et cadre principal pour voir prospérer la femme en tant que membre actif de la société et de l’économie.
    Date: 2021–03

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