nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2021‒10‒25
five papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. The Nexus Relationship between Exports and Government size Dynamic Panel Evidence from the MENA Region By Mahmoud M. Sabra
  3. Success factors of very small businesses in regulated context: Case of Moroccan insurance brokers By Lahoucine Outolba; Abdelhaq Lahfidi
  4. Horizontal inequality and grievances: A lethal combination? A case study analyzing the impact of the Israeli settlement policy on the level of violence of Palestinian citizens living in Hebron By Butler, Dana
  5. Determinants of entrepreneurial success in times of health and economic crisis: The case of SMEs in the Rabat-Salé-Kénitra region By Dina Ait Lahcen; Mustapha Oukassi; Nour Eddin Amghar

  1. By: Mahmoud M. Sabra (Associate Prof. of Applied Economics, Al Azhar University Gaza, Palestine Author-2-Name: Author-2-Workplace-Name: Author-3-Name: Author-3-Workplace-Name: Author-4-Name: Author-4-Workplace-Name: Author-5-Name: Author-5-Workplace-Name: Author-6-Name: Author-6-Workplace-Name: Author-7-Name: Author-7-Workplace-Name: Author-8-Name: Author-8-Workplace-Name:)
    Abstract: " Objective - This article aims to detect empirically, the nexus relationship between exports and government size in seven middle-income MENA countries, namely, Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia, from 2000 to 2019. Methodology/Technique - This article employs two econometric techniques, simultaneous equations using OLS, and recent Dynamic Panel Data system analysis. Findings - Article results show a significant and robust negative association between exports and government size that indicates the need for government adoption of a series of policies for exports promotion strategies and likewise, openness can increase both variables. Growth and FDI increase exports and decrease government size, while ODA decreases exports and increases government size with Inflation-decreasing exports. Novelty - This article shines a light on the expanded government size capable of hindering growth and exports through the adoption of unfavourable policies to support the private sector, growth, and exports. Ultimately, this determines whether government policies are favourable or not. Type of Paper - Empirical"
    Keywords: Exports, Government size, MENA, GMM DPD system
    JEL: F14 H11 C33
    Date: 2021–09–30
  2. By: Bouchra Laamrani (FSJES - Faculté des Sciences juridiques - Université Mohamed V - Souissi); Mounir Zouiten (FSJES - Faculté des Sciences juridiques - Université Mohamed V - Souissi)
    Abstract: To counterbalance the stakes of globalization and generalized competition, territories are compelled to build and manage their territorial attractiveness which is, often, driven by a comparative or even a differentiating advantage. Aware of these issues, the actors of the city of Rabat have undertaken territorialized actions. Indeed, the built fabric of this city is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. In addition, the city has adopted an integrated urban development program. This article aims to examine the reconciliation between the heritage status of the city and the urban projects undertaken within the framework of this program. The analysis is based on a documentary study.
    Keywords: actors,cultural heritage,Rabat,urban project
    Date: 2021–09–21
  3. By: Lahoucine Outolba (UIZ - Ibn Zohr University of Agadir); Abdelhaq Lahfidi (UIZ - Ibn Zohr University of Agadir)
    Keywords: Small businesses,Regulation,Entrepreneurship success. Classification JEL: M10 Paper type: Empirical research
    Date: 2021–10–01
  4. By: Butler, Dana
    Abstract: This study assesses how horizontal inequalities between Israeli settlers and Palestinians living in the West Bank cause grievances among Palestinians transforming to violence towards the Israeli citizens. A scoring model tailored to Hebron's case is introduced to evaluate the line of argumentation by estimating the level of violence in the designated area. This method is based on expert interviews containing pre-surveys and a theoretical review. In a second step, the estimated level of violence is tested through data of Palestinian attacks against Israelis based on the Global Terrorism Database (1976-2018). A historical review of the Israeli settlement policy since 1967 substantiates the research. The results suggest that the applied mechanism of horizontal inequalities increases Palestinian grievances and encourages violence in Hebron. Thus, this work strengthens theoretical research of horizontal inequalities, grievances, and violence and offers a new (bottom-up) direction in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
    Keywords: Horizontal Inequality,Grievances,Conflict,Scoring Model,Israeli Settlement Policy,West Bank,Hebron
    JEL: F5 F51 N45
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Dina Ait Lahcen (Université Mohamed V - Souissi); Mustapha Oukassi (Université Mohammed V); Nour Eddin Amghar (Université Mohamed V - Souissi)
    Abstract: SMEs are the backbone of any economy (Eggers, 2020). Thus, when the COVID-19 pandemic emerged, the entire economy was put at risk and SMEs were hit hard. The first figures seem to be alarming, but the prospects for emerging from this vortex remain optimistic. At the end of 2020, more than 95% of Moroccan SMEs have been able to maintain their activity (HCP, 2021), many of which have shown resilience and agility and have been able to overcome the devastating effects of the crisis. Our research aims, then, to study the key determinants explaining the success of Moroccan SMEs in times of health and economic crisis COVID-19 by focusing on three main dimensions: the environment, the entrepreneur and the resources mobilized. To this end, we conducted a qualitative study through individual semi-directive interviews with a simple random sample of 20 entrepreneurs operating in the Rabat-Salé-Kenitra region. The results obtained showed that although the Moroccan government has developed a wide range of support measures for SMEs, the majority of the entrepreneurs considered that the success of their business is mainly due to endogenous factors related to their commitment, their motivation and the resources at their disposal, and secondarily, to exogenous factors related to the characteristics of the context and the opportunities offered by the environment in which they operate.
    Keywords: factors.,resilience,crisis,success,SME,facteurs.,résilience,crise,réussite,PME
    Date: 2021–10–01

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