nep-ara New Economics Papers
on MENA - Middle East and North Africa
Issue of 2021‒05‒31
eight papers chosen by
Paul Makdissi
Université d’Ottawa

  1. Socioeconomic Determinants of Gender Specific Life Expectancy in Turkey: A Time Series Analysis By ŞENTÜRK, İsmail; Ali, Amjad
  2. Preaching to Social Media: Turkey’s Friday Khutbas and Their Effects on Twitter By Ozan Aksoy
  3. To what extent are the underlying concepts of integrated reporting applicable for hi-tech knowledge-based organizations? By Seyed Mirsadri; Frederique Bardinet Evraert; Serge Evraert
  4. The Propagation of Online Rumours Slandering Multinational Companies in Egypt By Mona Shehata
  5. The Economic Outcomes of an Ethnic Minority: the Role of Barriers By Kasir (Kaliner), Nitsa; Yashiv, Eran
  6. Morocco Land Productivity Project: Evaluation Design Report By Anthony Harris; Anthony D'Agostino; Sara Litke-Farzaneh; Beryl Seiler; Matt Sloan
  7. Byzantine Economic Growth: Did Climate Change Play a Role? By Lambert, Thomas
  8. Commerce Equitable et Développement Durable : Expériences locales du commerce équitable By Lahcen Benbihi

  1. By: ŞENTÜRK, İsmail; Ali, Amjad
    Abstract: This paper has tried to analyze the socioeconomic determinants of total as well as gender specific life expectancy in Turkey from 1971 to 2017. Data stationarity has been checked by ADF, PP and DFGLS unit root tests, the time series structural breaks have been checked with the help of Zivot and Andrews (2002) unit root test, and cointegration has been checked with the help of the ARDL bound testing method. The estimated results show that the overall level of education, purchasing power and economic development have a significant role in deciding total average life expectancy in Turkey. Whereas, population growth and environmental degradation have an insignificant contribution in deciding total average life expectancy in Turkey. Estimates show environmental degradation, purchasing power and level of male education have contributed significantly in male life expectancy in Turkey. Economic development and share of the male population have an insignificant role in deciding life expectancy of male in Turkey. Environmental degradation, the level of female education, fertility rates and female population significantly effected female life expectancy, but purchasing power has an insignificant role in deciding life expectancy of female in Turkey. The results recommend that the government of Turkey should enhance the level of education and try to stable purchasing power and sustainable development with controlled fertility rates for higher level life expectancy.
    Keywords: life expectancy, education, environmental degradation, population growth
    JEL: I15 O11 Q56
    Date: 2021
  2. By: Ozan Aksoy (Centre for Quantitative Social Sciences in the Social Research Institute, University College London)
    Abstract: In this study I analyse through machine learning the content of all Friday khutbas (sermons) read to millions of citizens in thousands of Mosques of Turkey since 2015. I focus on six non-religious and recurrent topics that feature in the sermons, namely business, family, nationalism, health, trust, and patience. I demonstrate that the content of the sermons responds strongly to events of national importance. I then link the Friday sermons with ~4.8 million tweets on these topics to study whether and how the content of sermons affects social media behaviour. I find generally large effects of the sermons on tweets, but there is also heterogeneity by topic. It is strongest for nationalism, patience, and health and weakest for business. Overall, these results show that religious institutions in Turkey are influential in shaping the public’s social media content and that this influence is mainly prevalent on salient issues. More generally, these results show that mass offline religious activity can have strong effects on social media behaviour
    Keywords: text-as-data analysis, computational social science, social media, religion, Islam, Turkey
    JEL: C63 N35 Z12
    Date: 2021–05–01
  3. By: Seyed Mirsadri (IRGO - Institut de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4 - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Bordeaux); Frederique Bardinet Evraert (IRGO - Institut de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4 - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Bordeaux); Serge Evraert (IRGO - Institut de Recherche en Gestion des Organisations - Université Montesquieu - Bordeaux 4 - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Bordeaux)
    Abstract: Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the proper structure for the integrated reporting of hi-tech knowledge-based organizations (KBOs); in particular, the authors evaluate the appropriateness of the concept and elements of integrated reporting for hi-tech KBOs. Design/methodology/approach The study uses an exploratory sequential mixed-method approach, including an initial qualitative case study, then an instrument development phase (Delphi), and finally, a quantitative survey. Findings The resulting analysis concluded that hi-tech KBOs have the potential to prepare a simplified, integrated report. The organization overview, governance, business model, strategies and resource allocation, performance, opportunities and risks are the content elements relevant to be included in the hi-tech KBOs annual report. However, the organization's future outlook is not confirmed to be included. Due to liability and competitive concerns, organizations do not provide targets, forecasts, projections or even scenarios. Research limitations/implications Focus on a single country and a small sample of interviewees participated. Practical implications This paper concludes that the existing integrated reporting framework is useful for different types of organizations, but with some modifications. In addition, it analyzes how directors of Iranian hi-tech KBOs perceive and value content elements of integrated reporting. Social implications This paper suggests that the fulfillment of corporate transparency for Iranian hi-tech KBOs can be achieved by the policymaker's support on integrated reporting. Originality/value Iran is swiftly moving toward a knowledge-based economy, and hi-tech KBOs will become the powerhouse of the economy. It is important to understand how managers of Iranian hi-tech KBOs perceive and value integrated reporting. The previous practical studies are not focused on Iranian firms and the impacts of integrated reporting on hi-tech KBOs and its implementation and effectiveness had not been studied before.
    Keywords: Integrated reporting,Delphi technique,Exploratory sequential mixed method,Hi-tech knowledge-based organizations,IIRC framework,Hi-tech Knowledge-based Organizations,Integrated Reporting,Exploratory Sequential Mixed Method,Delphi Technique,IIRC Framework Integrated Reporting,IIRC Framework
    Date: 2021–04–02
  4. By: Mona Shehata (IAE - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises, CEREGE - CEntre de REcherche en GEstion - EA 1722 - IAE Poitiers - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - Université de Poitiers - ULR - Université de La Rochelle)
    Abstract: The digital communication boom in Egypt presents higher unpredictability to multinational companies operating in different countries. This gives unprecedented ground to rumours on all levels, economic, social and political, with the rise of Web 2.0. It is essential for research to keep pace with these changes, where social media has changed the game and Internet users are no longer passive players, but they can actively create and spread rumours. This chapter presents a new approach by analysing three concrete case studies of commercial rumours on Facebook in Egypt. The cases belong to different business sectors such as telecommunications, dairy products and FMCG. The data is collected using multiple tools together with online observation (netnography) and some semi-directive interviews with key players involved in the dissemination process. This chapter argues how socio-cultural differences and filters in Egypt affect rumour dissemination. The analysis involves the anatomy of initiators and type of interactions on Facebook until the debunking process. The results obtained in this chapter, and the main techniques used, can naturally extend to other countries and to another type of similar digital platform.
    Date: 2021
  5. By: Kasir (Kaliner), Nitsa; Yashiv, Eran
    Abstract: The Arab population in Israel constitutes an ethnic minority, at around 20% of the population. The economy of this minority is characterized by inferior outcomes relative to the Jewish majority by all indicators, including employment, wages, occupational status, social welfare, education, and housing. This paper reviews key data facts and presents a model of barriers to integration facing Arabs in Israel, taking it to the data. The empirical analysis, based on a general equilibrium model of occupational choice with optimizing agents and barriers, points to an increase over time in barriers to the acquisition of human capital in highly skilled occupations, and, concurrently, a reduction in labor market barriers in all occupations. The analysis offers insights relevant to other developed economies with large ethnic minorities.
    Keywords: ethnic minority; human capital barriers; labor market barriers; occupational choice
    Date: 2020–08
  6. By: Anthony Harris; Anthony D'Agostino; Sara Litke-Farzaneh; Beryl Seiler; Matt Sloan
    Abstract: The evaluation report for the Morocco Land Productivity Project outlines the impact evaluation and two performance evaluations Mathematica is designing and implementing to address research questions on project outcomes, implementation, and sustainability for the Rural and Industrial Land activities.
    Keywords: Morocco, Morocco Compact II, melkisation, rural land, industrial land, land titles, collective land, industrial zone, PPP, demonstration zone
  7. By: Lambert, Thomas
    Abstract: Different chroniclers of the history of the Byzantine Empire have noted various economic data gleamed from historical documents and accounts of the empire at different periods of time. Research for this paper has not uncovered any estimates of long term, annual macroeconomic data (gross domestic product (GDP), national income (NI), etc.) for the empire during its existence. Such data has been estimated to one extent or another for other nations and societies that have existed during the middle ages. This paper attempts to provide conjectures on approximate real GDP per capita trends for the empire over its existence from AD 300 to 1453. Finally, some hypotheses on factors that would have affected Byzantine economic performance are tested using climate/environmental factors. The results of this paper appear to confirm some findings on how the Byzantine economy might have been affected by periods of regional climate change.
    Keywords: Byzantine Empire, climate change, real GDP per capita, empire size
    JEL: N13
    Date: 2021–05–21
  8. By: Lahcen Benbihi (Enseignant à l'EST-Université Ibn Zohr Agadir - Ecole Supérieure de Technologie , LIRSA - Laboratoire interdisciplinaire de recherche en sciences de l'action - CNAM - Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers [CNAM])
    Abstract: Cet ouvrage regroupe les contributions des principaux intervenants de la deuxième édition du colloque international «Commerce Equitable et Développement Durable» qui s'est tenu à l'Ecole Supérieure de Technologie de l'Université Ibn Zohr d'Agadir et la chambre d'agriculture d'Agadir ; les 16, 17et 18 Avril 2019. Les éditeurs de cet ouvrage tiennent à remercier sincèrement chacun des auteurs pour leurs contributions et éclairages enrichissants. Les textes restent la propriété des auteurs respectifs et les opinions émises n'engagent aucunement les éditeurs. Le colloque organisé conjointement par l'Ecole Supérieure de Technologie d'Agadir (Département Techniques de Commercialisation et de Communication) et l'association scientifique « Fairness–Africa »( ) dans le cadre de son programme de rechercheet en collaboration avec d'autres organismes publics et privés. En outre, ce colloque a été l'occasion de réunir des chercheurs, enseignants chercheurs, étudiants chercheurs, opérateurs professionnels et acteurs locaux issus des différents pays du monde (Algérie, Canada, France, Grande Bretagne, Maroc, Tunisie et Sénégal) autour des axes thématiques du colloque. Les projets de communication sélectionnés par le comité scientifique ont été répartis entre deux conférences plénières, deux tables rondes et dix ateliers parallèles. Ce 2 ème colloque, qui a pour thème spécifique « les Expériences locales du Commerce Equitable », s'inscrit dans la continuité de la première édition qui était axée sur la contribution du commerce équitable au développement durable. Cette publication a été financée avec le soutien du projet « Centre National de l'Arganier», projet porté par l'Agence Nationale pour le Développement des Zones Oasiennes et de l'Arganier (ANDZOA) et appuyé par l'Agence Allemande de Coopération Internationale pour le Développement Durable (GIZ). Contact Lahcen BENBIHI, représentant de l'association scientifique Fairness-Africa Enseignant à EST-Université Ibn Zohr Agadir et et chercheur au Lirsa, Cnam, Paris-France et à l'ENCG, Agadir Maroc
    Date: 2019–10–01

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